Installing Nginx With PHP5 (And PHP-FPM) And MySQL Support On OpenSUSE 12.1
Author: Falko Timme
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Nginx (pronounced "engine x") is a free, open-source, high-performance HTTP server. Nginx is known for its stability, rich feature set, simple configuration, and low resource consumption. This tutorial shows how you can install Nginx on an OpenSUSE 12.1 server with PHP5 support (through PHP-FPM) and MySQL support.
I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
In this tutorial I use the hostname server1.example.com with the IP address 192.168.0.100. These settings might differ for you, so you have to replace them where appropriate.
2 Installing MySQL 5
First we install MySQL 5 like this:
yast2 -i mysql mysql-client mysql-community-server
Then we create the system startup links for MySQL (so that MySQL starts automatically whenever the system boots) and start the MySQL server:
systemctl enable mysql.service
systemctl start mysql.service
Now check that networking is enabled. Run
netstat -tap | grep mysql
It should show something like this:
server1:~ # netstat -tap | grep mysql
tcp 0 0 *:mysql *:* LISTEN 2059/mysqld
If it does not, edit /etc/my.cnf and comment out the option skip-networking:
[...] #skip-networking [...]
and restart your MySQL server:
systemctl restart mysql.service
(If you get the message You do not have a valid vim binary package installed. Please install either "vim", "vim-enhanced" or "gvim"., please run
yast2 -i vim
to install vi and try again. )
to set a password for the user root (otherwise anybody can access your MySQL database!):
server1:~ # mysql_secure_installation
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user. If you've just installed MySQL, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.
Enter current password for root (enter for none): <-- ENTER
OK, successfully used password, moving on...
Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.
Set root password? [Y/n] <-- Y
New password: <-- fill in your desired MySQL root password
Re-enter new password: <-- confirm that password
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] <-- Y
Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] <-- Y
By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] <-- Y
- Dropping test database...
- Removing privileges on test database...
Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] <-- Y
All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.
Thanks for using MySQL!
3 Installing Nginx
Nginx is available as a package for OpenSUSE 12.1 which we can install as follows:
yast2 -i nginx-1.0
Then we create the system startup links for nginx and start it:
systemctl enable nginx.service
systemctl start nginx.service
Type in your web server's IP address or hostname into a browser (e.g. http://192.168.0.100), and you should see the following page:
You get a 403 forbidden error because on OpenSUSE 12.1, the default nginx document root is /srv/www/htdocs, and there's no index page in /srv/www/htdocs.
4 Installing PHP5
We can make PHP5 work in nginx through PHP-FPM (PHP-FPM (FastCGI Process Manager) is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation with some additional features useful for sites of any size, especially busier sites) which we install as follows:
yast2 -i php5-fpm
Before we start PHP-FPM, rename /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf.default to /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf:
mv /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf.default /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf
Change the permissions of PHP's session directory:
chmod 1733 /var/lib/php5
Then open /etc/php5/fpm/php-fpm.conf...
... and change error_log to /var/log/php-fpm.log and uncomment pm.min_spare_servers and pm.max_spare_servers:
[...] error_log = /var/log/php-fpm.log [...] pm.min_spare_servers = 5 [...] pm.max_spare_servers = 35 [...]
Next create the system startup links for php-fpm and start it:
systemctl enable php-fpm.service
systemctl start php-fpm.service
PHP-FPM is a daemon process that runs a FastCGI server on port 9000, as you can see in the output of
server1:~ # netstat -tapn
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address Foreign Address State PID/Program name
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:80 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 2329/nginx
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:22 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 1204/sshd
tcp 0 0 127.0.0.1:9000 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 2511/php-fpm.conf)
tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:3306 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 2059/mysqld
tcp 0 0 192.168.0.100:22 192.168.0.199:1632 ESTABLISHED 1284/0
tcp 0 0 :::22 :::* LISTEN 1204/sshd