There is a new revision of this tutorial available for Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial Xerus).

The Perfect Server - Ubuntu 14.10 with Apache, PHP, MySQL, PureFTPD, BIND, Postfix, Dovecot and ISPConfig

Version 1.0
Author: Falko Timme, updated by Srijan Kishore <s [dot] kishore [at] ispconfig [dot] org>
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Last edited 31/Oct/2014

This tutorial shows how to install an Ubuntu 14.10 (Utopic  Unicorn) server (with Apache2, BIND, Dovecot) for the installation of ISPConfig 3, and how to install ISPConfig 3. ISPConfig 3 is a webhosting control panel that allows you to configure the following services through a web browser: Apache or nginx web server, Postfix mail server, Courier or Dovecot IMAP/POP3 server, MySQL, BIND or MyDNS nameserver, PureFTPd, SpamAssassin, ClamAV, and many more. This setup covers the installation of Apache (instead of nginx), BIND (instead of MyDNS), and Dovecot (instead of Courier).

  

1. Preliminary Note

In this tutorial I use the hostname server1.example.com with the IP address 192.168.0.100 and the gateway 192.168.0.1 . These settings might differ for you, so you have to replace them where appropriate.  Before proceeding further you need to have a basic minimal installation of Ubuntu 14.10 as explained in tutorial.

2. Edit /etc/apt/sources.list And Update Your Linux Installation

Edit /etc/apt/sources.list. Comment out or remove the installation CD from the file and make sure that the universe and multiverse repositories are enabled. It should look like this:

nano /etc/apt/sources.list

# 

# deb cdrom:[Ubuntu-Server 14.10 _Utopic Unicorn_ - Release amd64 (20141022.2)]/ utopic main restricted

#deb cdrom:[Ubuntu-Server 14.10 _Utopic Unicorn_ - Release amd64 (20141022.2)]/ utopic main restricted

# See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to
# newer versions of the distribution.
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic main restricted
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic main restricted

## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic-updates main restricted
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic-updates main restricted

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team. Also, please note that software in universe WILL NOT receive any
## review or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic universe
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic universe
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic-updates universe
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic-updates universe

## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu 
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to 
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in 
## multiverse WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu
## security team.
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic multiverse
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic multiverse
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic-updates multiverse
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic-updates multiverse

## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as
## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes
## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features.
## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review
## or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ utopic-backports main restricted universe multiverse

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu utopic-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu utopic-security main restricted
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu utopic-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu utopic-security universe
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu utopic-security multiverse
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu utopic-security multiverse

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's
## 'partner' repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by Canonical and the
## respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu users.
# deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu utopic partner
# deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu utopic partner

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Ubuntu's
## 'extras' repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by third-party
## developers who want to ship their latest software.
# deb http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu utopic main
# deb-src http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu utopic main

Then run

apt-get update

to update the apt package database and

apt-get upgrade

to install the latest updates (if there are any). If you see that a new kernel gets installed as part of the updates, you should reboot the system afterwards:

reboot

 

3. Change The Default Shell

/bin/sh is a symlink to /bin/dash, however we need /bin/bash, not /bin/dash. Therefore we do this:

dpkg-reconfigure dash

Use dash as the default system shell (/bin/sh)? <-- No

If you don't do this, the ISPConfig installation will fail.

 

4. Disable AppArmor

AppArmor is a security extension (similar to SELinux) that should provide extended security. In my opinion you don't need it to configure a secure system, and it usually causes more problems than advantages (think of it after you have done a week of trouble-shooting because some service wasn't working as expected, and then you find out that everything was ok, only AppArmor was causing the problem). Therefore I disable it (this is a must if you want to install ISPConfig later on).

We can disable it like this:

service apparmor stop
update-rc.d -f apparmor remove
apt-get remove apparmor apparmor-utils

 

5. Synchronize the System Clock

It is a good idea to synchronize the system clock with an NTP (network time protocol) server over the Internet. Simply run

apt-get install ntp ntpdate

and your system time will always be in sync.

 

6. Install Postfix, Dovecot, MySQL, phpMyAdmin, rkhunter, binutils

For installing postfix we need to stop and remove sendmail 

service sendmail stop; update-rc.d -f sendmail remove

Now we can install Postfix, Dovecot, MySQL, rkhunter, and binutils with a single command:

apt-get install postfix postfix-mysql postfix-doc mariadb-client mariadb-server openssl getmail4 rkhunter binutils dovecot-imapd dovecot-pop3d dovecot-mysql dovecot-sieve sudo

You will be asked the following questions:

New password for the MySQL "root" user: <-- yourrootsqlpassword
Repeat password for the MySQL "root" user: <-- yourrootsqlpassword
Create a self-signed SSL certificate?: <-- Yes
Host name: <-- server1.example.com
Local only: <-- OK
General type of mail configuration: <-- Internet Site
System mail name: <-- server1.example.com

Next open the TLS/SSL and submission ports in Postfix:

nano /etc/postfix/master.cf

Uncomment the submission and smtps sections as follows - add the line -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject to both sections and leave everything thereafter commented:

[...]
submission inet n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
  -o syslog_name=postfix/submission
  -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=$mua_client_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=$mua_helo_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=$mua_sender_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
smtps     inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
  -o syslog_name=postfix/smtps
  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=$mua_client_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=$mua_helo_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=$mua_sender_restrictions
#  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
[...]

Restart Postfix afterwards:

service postfix restart

We want MySQL to listen on all interfaces, not just localhost, therefore we edit /etc/mysql/my.cnf and comment out the line bind-address = 127.0.0.1:

nano /etc/mysql/my.cnf

[...]
# Instead of skip-networking the default is now to listen only on
# localhost which is more compatible and is not less secure.
#bind-address           = 127.0.0.1
[...]

Then we restart MySQL:

service mysql restart

Now check that networking is enabled. Run

netstat -tap | grep mysql

The output should look like this:

[email protected]:~# netstat -tap | grep mysql
tcp        0      0 *:mysql                 *:*                     LISTEN      24603/mysqld    
[email protected]:~# 

7. Install Amavisd-new, SpamAssassin, And Clamav

To install amavisd-new, SpamAssassin, and ClamAV, we run

apt-get install amavisd-new spamassassin clamav clamav-daemon zoo unzip bzip2 arj nomarch lzop cabextract apt-listchanges libnet-ldap-perl libauthen-sasl-perl clamav-docs daemon libio-string-perl libio-socket-ssl-perl libnet-ident-perl zip libnet-dns-perl

The ISPConfig 3 setup uses amavisd which loads the SpamAssassin filter library internally, so we can stop SpamAssassin to free up some RAM:

service spamassassin stop
update-rc.d -f spamassassin remove

 To Run clamav use

freshclam
service clamav-daemon start

 

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From: jig

ISPConfig3 on an Ubuntu 14.10 Server database problem

 

installed ISPConfig3 on an Ubuntu 14.04 Server using the correct MySQL username and password ,

I get the login form, but the error returned to me when I try the default login admin/admin is Username or Password empty

database not connecting to website after restart mysql ("service mysql restart" on Ubuntu) website & panel work properly every time i got error.....database connectivity problem!!!!!!!!! plz help me ..

From: Shah Hussain

Hey, I have install ubuntu server 14.10 on my xeon edge-II server. 

I am running apache2 as my webserver on my machine it works fine but after some transactions done it hangs. I have tried to findout where the problem is, but in vain. 

Can you please help me in this what could be the possible reasons my server hangs?

I am also running webmin on my machine as control panel.

 

Thanks and looking intensively forward from you.

From: Exelord

Hi,

Thanks for your tutorial. Its very impressive.

I have problem durning reboot my VPS. Its stack on:

- Starting configure network device

- Stopping clean /tmp directory

 

Can you sugest me some solutions? I will be very grateful.

From: Bud

Great job.  FYI, you forgot to update a couple of old stanzas in the third page.  You substituted conf-enabled for conf.d in the /etc directory tree for Apache configuration, but missed a couple on this page.  Such as below and the Virtual domain setting section above.

/etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf...

nano /etc/apache2/conf-available/squirrelmail.conf

From: kkallsen

Can I use UFW with this?  Do you recommend it?  What ports should I open?

 

Thx

 

Kevin

From: 2spiK

I Can't connect to ftp..

Statut :         Connexion à 92.222.92.216:21...

Statut :         Connexion établie, attente du message d'accueil...

Statut :         Initialisation de TLS...

Statut :         Vérification du certificat...

Statut :         Connexion TLS établie.

Statut :         Connecté

Statut :         Récupération du contenu du dossier...

Commande : PWD

Réponse :     257 "/" is your current location

Commande : TYPE I

Réponse :     200 TYPE is now 8-bit binary

Commande : PASV

Réponse :     227 Entering Passive Mode (92,222,92,216,58,0)

Commande : MLSD

Erreur :         Connection interrompue après 20 secondes d'inactivité

 

Erreur :         Impossible de récupérer le contenu du dossier

 

It cannot list the content of the main folder..

 

Any Idea ?

From: 2spiK

Solved,

It was the range port in passive mode,

You need to add a file in folder conf of tftpd with name port range with you range port,

Add a rule in your firewall to pass the traffic and it's ok for me !

 

From: Matan

hi

really a great tut! made my life much more sweet!

 

Is there any tut about securing the server we just created?

 

Thank you very much!!