There is a new revision of this tutorial available for Ubuntu 16.10 (Yakkety Yak).

The Perfect Server - Ubuntu 14.10 with Apache, PHP, MySQL, PureFTPD, BIND, Postfix, Dovecot and ISPConfig - Page 3

15 Install SquirrelMail

To install the SquirrelMail webmail client, run

apt-get install squirrelmail

Then configure SquirrelMail:

squirrelmail-configure

We must tell SquirrelMail that we are using Dovecot-IMAP/-POP3:

SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
 <-- D


SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php
---------------------------------------------------------
While we have been building SquirrelMail, we have discovered some
preferences that work better with some servers that don't work so
well with others.  If you select your IMAP server, this option will
set some pre-defined settings for that server.

Please note that you will still need to go through and make sure
everything is correct.  This does not change everything.  There are
only a few settings that this will change.

Please select your IMAP server:
    bincimap    = Binc IMAP server
    courier     = Courier IMAP server
    cyrus       = Cyrus IMAP server
    dovecot     = Dovecot Secure IMAP server
    exchange    = Microsoft Exchange IMAP server
    hmailserver = hMailServer
    macosx      = Mac OS X Mailserver
    mercury32   = Mercury/32
    uw          = University of Washington's IMAP server
    gmail       = IMAP access to Google mail (Gmail) accounts

    quit        = Do not change anything
Command >>
 <-- dovecot


SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php
---------------------------------------------------------
While we have been building SquirrelMail, we have discovered some
preferences that work better with some servers that don't work so
well with others.  If you select your IMAP server, this option will
set some pre-defined settings for that server.

Please note that you will still need to go through and make sure
everything is correct.  This does not change everything.  There are
only a few settings that this will change.

Please select your IMAP server:
    bincimap    = Binc IMAP server
    courier     = Courier IMAP server
    cyrus       = Cyrus IMAP server
    dovecot     = Dovecot Secure IMAP server
    exchange    = Microsoft Exchange IMAP server
    hmailserver = hMailServer
    macosx      = Mac OS X Mailserver
    mercury32   = Mercury/32
    uw          = University of Washington's IMAP server
    gmail       = IMAP access to Google mail (Gmail) accounts

    quit        = Do not change anything
Command >> dovecot

              imap_server_type = dovecot
         default_folder_prefix = <none>
                  trash_folder = Trash
                   sent_folder = Sent
                  draft_folder = Drafts
            show_prefix_option = false
          default_sub_of_inbox = false
show_contain_subfolders_option = false
            optional_delimiter = detect
                 delete_folder = false

Press any key to continue...
 <-- press a key


SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
 <-- S


SquirrelMail Configuration : Read: config.php (1.4.0)
---------------------------------------------------------
Main Menu --
1.  Organization Preferences
2.  Server Settings
3.  Folder Defaults
4.  General Options
5.  Themes
6.  Address Books
7.  Message of the Day (MOTD)
8.  Plugins
9.  Database
10. Languages

D.  Set pre-defined settings for specific IMAP servers

C   Turn color on
S   Save data
Q   Quit

Command >>
 <-- Q

Now we will configure SquirrelMail so that you can use it from within your web sites (created through ISPConfig) by using the /squirrelmail or /webmail aliases. So if your website is www.example.com, you will be able to access SquirrelMail using www.example.com/squirrelmail or www.example.com/webmail.

SquirrelMail's Apache configuration is in the file /etc/squirrelmail/apache.conf, but this file isn't loaded by Apache because it is not in the /etc/apache2/conf.d/ directory. Therefore we create a symlink called squirrelmail.conf in the /etc/apache2/conf.d/ directory that points to /etc/squirrelmail/apache.conf and reload Apache afterwards:

cd /etc/apache2/conf-available/
ln -s ../../squirrelmail/apache.conf squirrelmail.conf
service apache2 reload

Now open /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf...

 nano /etc/apache2/conf-available/squirrelmail.conf

... and add the following lines to the <Directory /usr/share/squirrelmail></Directory> container that make sure that mod_php is used for accessing SquirrelMail, regardless of what PHP mode you select for your website in ISPConfig:

[...]
<Directory /usr/share/squirrelmail>
  Options FollowSymLinks
  <IfModule mod_php5.c>
    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
    php_flag magic_quotes_gpc Off
    php_flag track_vars On
    php_admin_flag allow_url_fopen Off
    php_value include_path .
    php_admin_value upload_tmp_dir /var/lib/squirrelmail/tmp
    php_admin_value open_basedir /usr/share/squirrelmail:/etc/squirrelmail:/var/lib/squirrelmail:/etc/hostname:/etc/mailname
    php_flag register_globals off
  </IfModule>
  <IfModule mod_dir.c>
    DirectoryIndex index.php
  </IfModule>

  # access to configtest is limited by default to prevent information leak
  <Files configtest.php>
    order deny,allow
    deny from all
    allow from 127.0.0.1
  </Files>
</Directory>
[...]

Create the directory /var/lib/squirrelmail/tmp...

mkdir /var/lib/squirrelmail/tmp

... and make it owned by the user www-data:

chown www-data /var/lib/squirrelmail/tmp

Next we need to enable the squirrelmail with apache2.

a2enconf squirrelmail

Reload Apache again:

service apache2 reload

That's it already - /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf defines an alias called /squirrelmail that points to SquirrelMail's installation directory /usr/share/squirrelmail.

You can now access SquirrelMail from your web site as follows:

http://192.168.0.100/squirrelmail
http://www.example.com/squirrelmail

You can also access it from the ISPConfig control panel vhost (after you have installed ISPConfig, see the next chapter) as follows (this doesn't need any configuration in ISPConfig):

http://server1.example.com:8080/squirrelmail

If you'd like to use the alias /webmail instead of /squirrelmail, simply open /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf...

nano /etc/apache2/conf-available/squirrelmail.conf

... and add the line Alias /webmail /usr/share/squirrelmail:

Alias /squirrelmail /usr/share/squirrelmail
Alias /webmail /usr/share/squirrelmail
[...]

Then reload Apache:

service apache2 reload

Now you can access Squirrelmail as follows:

http:// 192.168.0.100/webmail
http://www.example.com/webmail
http://server1.example.com:8080/webmail
(after you have installed ISPConfig, see the next chapter)

If you'd like to define a vhost like webmail.example.com where your users can access SquirrelMail, you'd have to add the following vhost configuration to /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf:

nano /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf

[...]
<VirtualHost *:80>
  DocumentRoot /usr/share/squirrelmail
  ServerName webmail.example.com
</VirtualHost>

Of course, there must be a DNS record for webmail.example.com that points to the IP address that you use in the vhost configuration. Also make sure that the vhost webmail.example.com does not exist in ISPConfig (otherwise both vhosts will interfere with each other!).

Now reload Apache...

service apache2 reload

... and you can access SquirrelMail under http://webmail.example.com

 

16. Install ISPConfig 3

To install ISPConfig 3 from the latest released version, do this:

cd /tmp
wget http://www.ispconfig.org/downloads/ISPConfig-3-stable.tar.gz
tar xfz ISPConfig-3-stable.tar.gz
cd ispconfig3_install/install/

The next step is to run

php -q install.php

This will start the ISPConfig 3 installer. The installer will configure all services like Postfix, Dovecot, etc. for you. A manual setup as required for ISPConfig 2 (perfect setup guides) is not necessary.

[email protected]:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install# php -q install.php


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 _____ ___________   _____              __ _         ____
|_   _/  ___| ___ \ /  __ \            / _(_)       /__  \
  | | \ `--.| |_/ / | /  \/ ___  _ __ | |_ _  __ _    _/ /
  | |  `--. \  __/  | |    / _ \| '_ \|  _| |/ _` |  |_ |
 _| |_/\__/ / |     | \__/\ (_) | | | | | | | (_| | ___\ \
 \___/\____/\_|      \____/\___/|_| |_|_| |_|\__, | \____/
                                              __/ |
                                             |___/
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


>> Initial configuration

Operating System: 14.10 UNKNOWN

    Following will be a few questions for primary configuration so be careful.
    Default values are in [brackets] and can be accepted with <ENTER>.
    Tap in "quit" (without the quotes) to stop the installer.


Select language (en,de) [en]:
 <-- ENTER

Installation mode (standard,expert) [standard]: <-- ENTER

Full qualified hostname (FQDN) of the server, eg server1.domain.tld  [server1.example.com]: <-- ENTER

MySQL server hostname [localhost]: <-- ENTER

MySQL root username [root]: <-- ENTER

MySQL root password []: <-- yourrootsqlpassword

MySQL database to create [dbispconfig]: <-- ENTER

MySQL charset [utf8]: <-- ENTER

Generating a 4096 bit RSA private key
............................................................................++
.....................++
writing new private key to 'smtpd.key'
-----
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]: 
<-- ENTER
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]: <-- ENTER
Locality Name (eg, city) []: <-- ENTER
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]: <-- ENTER
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []: <-- ENTER
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []: <-- ENTER
Email Address []: <-- ENTER
Configuring Jailkit
Configuring Dovecot
Configuring Spamassassin
Configuring Amavisd
Configuring Getmail
Configuring Pureftpd
Configuring BIND
Configuring Apache
Configuring Vlogger
Configuring Apps vhost
Configuring Bastille Firewall
Configuring Fail2ban
Installing ISPConfig
ISPConfig Port [8080]:
 <-- ENTER

Do you want a secure (SSL) connection to the ISPConfig web interface (y,n) [y]: <-- ENTER

Generating RSA private key, 4096 bit long modulus
..........++
......++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:
 <-- ENTER
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]: <-- ENTER
Locality Name (eg, city) []: <-- ENTER
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]: <-- ENTER
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []: <-- ENTER
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []: <-- ENTER
Email Address []: <-- ENTER

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []:
 <-- ENTER
An optional company name []: <-- ENTER
writing RSA key
Configuring DBServer
Installing ISPConfig crontab
no crontab for root
no crontab for getmail
Restarting services ...
Rather than invoking init scripts through /etc/init.d, use the service(8)
utility, e.g. service mysql restart

Since the script you are attempting to invoke has been converted to an
Upstart job, you may also use the stop(8) and then start(8) utilities,
e.g. stop mysql ; start mysql. The restart(8) utility is also available.
mysql stop/waiting
mysql start/running, process 2817
 * Stopping Postfix Mail Transport Agent postfix
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
   ...done.
 * Starting Postfix Mail Transport Agent postfix
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
/usr/sbin/postconf: warning: /etc/postfix/main.cf: undefined parameter: virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
   ...done.
Stopping amavisd: amavisd-new.
Starting amavisd: amavisd-new.
 * Stopping ClamAV daemon clamd
   ...done.
 * Starting ClamAV daemon clamd
   ...done.
Rather than invoking init scripts through /etc/init.d, use the service(8)
utility, e.g. service dovecot restart

Since the script you are attempting to invoke has been converted to an
Upstart job, you may also use the stop(8) and then start(8) utilities,
e.g. stop dovecot ; start dovecot. The restart(8) utility is also available.
dovecot stop/waiting
dovecot start/running, process 3962
 * Restarting web server apache2
[Fri Apr 26 00:55:00 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:443 has no VirtualHosts
[Fri Apr 26 00:55:00 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
[Fri Apr 26 00:55:01 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:443 has no VirtualHosts
[Fri Apr 26 00:55:01 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
 ... waiting    ...done.
Restarting ftp server: Running: /usr/sbin/pure-ftpd-mysql-virtualchroot -l mysql:/etc/pure-ftpd/db/mysql.conf -l pam -A -b -u 1000 -D -H -Y 1 -E -8 UTF-8 -O clf:/var/log/pure-ftpd/transfer.log -B
Installation completed.
[email protected]:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install#

The installer automatically configures all underlying services, so no manual configuration is needed.

You now also have the possibility to let the installer create an SSL vhost for the ISPConfig control panel, so that ISPConfig can be accessed using https:// instead of http://. To achieve this, just press ENTER when you see this question: Do you want a secure (SSL) connection to the ISPConfig web interface (y,n) [y]:.

Afterwards you can access ISPConfig 3 under http(s)://server1.example.com:8080/ or http(s)://192.168.0.100:8080/ ( http or https depends on what you chose during installation). Log in with the username admin and the password admin (you should change the default password after your first login):







The system is now ready to be used.

 

 

17. Additional Notes

17.1 OpenVZ

If the Ubuntu server that you've just set up in this tutorial is an OpenVZ container (virtual machine), you should do this on the host system (I'm assuming that the ID of the OpenVZ container is 101 - replace it with the correct VPSID on your system):

VPSID=101
for CAP in CHOWN DAC_READ_SEARCH SETGID SETUID NET_BIND_SERVICE NET_ADMIN SYS_CHROOT SYS_NICE CHOWN DAC_READ_SEARCH SETGID SETUID NET_BIND_SERVICE NET_ADMIN SYS_CHROOT SYS_NICE
do
  vzctl set $VPSID --capability ${CAP}:on --save
done

 

18. Links

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7 Comment(s)

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Comments

From: Ian

Thank you! The instructions are very clear and the level of detail is exactly right. I just got to the ISPConfig login on a new VPS without problems apart from one small one, which is that clamav needs more memory than the 512Mb of the minimum DigitalOcean VPS plan. It is happy on a 1Gb VPS.
 
 
 
 
 
 


From: Ian Sharpe



I followed so many pages of detailed instructions and ended up with a working system. It is not easy to get software right and then post such an extensive set of instructions that have the perfect level of detail and contain no errors.
 

Two things may help others:

I started on the minimum DigitalOcean droplet with 512Mb of memory. This is not good enough because clamav will not start. With 1Gb it is fine.

I followed the postfix / dovecot installation like a robot instead of putting brain in gear at the appropriate point, and ended up being able to send and receive mail internally between hosted domains, but not to or from outside the system. To enable external email, I made three changes to /etc/postfix/main.cf:

default_transport = smtp
relay_transport = relay
inet_interfaces = all

and restarted postfix. It worked then, and tested negative for open relay.

 

From: Anonymous

This guide works except for 1 problem: During the installation of PhpMyAdmin this guide tells you NOT to install a database for PhpMyAdmin. I have no idea why but in the end it causes ISP Config to be unable to open up PhpMyAdmin.

I've fixed it by using "dpkg-reconfigure phpmyadmin" and this time installing a database for PhpMyAdmin using the default settings.

Now you can open up PhpMyAdmin from within ISPConfig. The downside is that you need to login seperately to PhpMyAdmin everytime. But at least it works.

From: admin

If you install the database or not is not related to the unavailability of phpmyadmin that you encountered. The Problem happens when the option "Apache" is not selected during phpmyadmin install. The reconfigure fixed the issue because Apache was selected by you this time, so even if you had choosen again to not configure the database, the issue would have been fixed.

From: Marc Gagnon

hi!  I got this message on the first logon in SquirrelMail following

Now you can access Squirrelmail as follows:http:// 192.168.0.100/webmail 

This is what I got.  What Should I do and what is missing?

ERROR: Could not complete request.Query: SELECT "INBOX"Reason Given: [SERVERBUG] Internal error occurred. Refer to server log for more information. [2015-04-30 14:20:47]

 

From: Marc Gagnon

Hi.  In SquirrelMail 

 

this path does not exits :

 

nano /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf

 

what is the alternative?

From: Marc Gagnon

after the ISPConfig I never got his question, it just went to the command line.

 

 Do you want a secure (SSL) connection to the ISPConfig web interface (y,n) [y]:.