Samba 4 Additional Domain Controller for failover Replication on CentOS 7

In this tutorial, I will show you how to configure an additional domain controller which is one of the key features of SAMBA 4. I will be using the existing Samba 4 server from my previous tutorial as primary domain controller. This setup provides a degree of load balancing and failover for AD services (Ldap schemas and dns ) and configuring it is really easy. We can also use this feature to scale up the environment.

I will be using an existing Samba4 AD server and a new additional server.

Note: In my previous article I used 192.168.1.190 as primary domain controller due to conflict in ipaddress in my lab environment I have changed it to 192.168.1.180.

Servers

  • 192.168.1.180, samba4.sunil.cc - Primary Domain Controller Centos7 AD1
  • 192.168.1.170,dc.sunil.cc - Secondary Domain Controller or Additional Domain Controller Centos7 AD2

In the tutorial, whenever I denote AD1 refers to primary AD server and AD2 refers to secondary server, then please refer to this link.

Configure Primary Domain Controller

Please refer to this link

Samba 4 with Active directory on CentOS 7 rpm based installation with share support

Configure Secondary Domain Controller

AD2

On server 192.168.1.170,dc.sunil.cc - (Secondary Domain Controller or Additional Domain Controller) do:

We will be using Centos 7 as the basis, SELinux is enabled.

[[email protected] ~]# yum -y update

Selinux is enabled.

[[email protected] ~]# sestatus
SELinux status:                 enabled
SELinuxfs mount:                /sys/fs/selinux
SELinux root directory:         /etc/selinux
Loaded policy name:             targeted
Current mode:                   enforcing
Mode from config file:          enforcing
Policy MLS status:              enabled
Policy deny_unknown status:     allowed
Max kernel policy version:      28
[[email protected] ~]#

Make an entry in host file:

Make sure here to add both the primary AD and secondary AD in /etc/hosts

AD1

[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.1.180   samba4.sunil.cc         samba4
192.168.1.170   dc.sunil.cc     dc
[[email protected] ~]#

AD2

[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.1.180   samba4.sunil.cc         samba4
192.168.1.170   dc.sunil.cc     dc
[[email protected] ~]#

Enable the epel repo.

[[email protected] ~]# yum install epel-release -y

Install basic packages.

 [[email protected] ~]# yum install vim wget authconfig krb5-workstation -y
 

Install the wing repo for samba4 rpms.

 [[email protected] ~]# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/
[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# wget http://wing-net.ddo.jp/wing/7/EL7.wing.repo
[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# sed -i '[email protected][email protected][email protected]' /etc/yum.repos.d/EL7.wing.repo
[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# yum clean all
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Cleaning repos: base extras updates wing wing-source
Cleaning up everything
Cleaning up list of fastest mirrors
[[email protected] yum.repos.d]#
 

Now installing samba4 packages.

[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# yum install -y samba45 samba45-winbind-clients samba45-winbind samba45-client\
samba45-dc samba45-pidl samba45-python samba45-winbind-krb5-locator perl-Parse-Yapp\
perl-Test-Base python2-crypto samba45-common-tools

Modify the resolv.conf , make sure the nameserver is pointed to primary domain controller , here we use 192.168.1.180.

[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/resolv.conf
# Generated by NetworkManager
search sunil.cc
nameserver 192.168.1.180
[[email protected] ~]#

Now we remove these files, since we will be creating them later.

[[email protected] ~]# rm -rf /etc/krb5.conf
[[email protected] ~]# rm -rf /etc/samba/smb.conf

Now add the below content in krb5.conf, here our domain name is sunil.cc, realm name is SUNIL.CC.

[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/krb5.conf
[libdefaults]
    dns_lookup_realm = false
    dns_lookup_kdc = true
    default_realm = SUNIL.CC
[[email protected] ~]#

Check whether we are able to get the kerberos key from samba4 server.

[[email protected] ~]# kinit [email protected]
Password for [email protected]:
Warning: Your password will expire in 42 days on Sat 15 Jul 2017 10:54:19 PM CEST
[[email protected] ~]# klist
Ticket cache: FILE:/tmp/krb5cc_0
Default principal: [email protected]

Valid starting       Expires              Service principal
06/03/2017 20:33:08  06/04/2017 06:33:08  krbtgt/[email protected]
        renew until 06/04/2017 20:33:04
[[email protected] ~]#

If you dont get the key, make sure time is in sync and please check the resolv.conf.

Now add the server to the existing domain.

[[email protected] yum.repos.d]# samba-tool domain join sunil.cc  DC -U"SUNIL\administrator" --dns-backend=SAMBA_INTERNAL
Finding a writeable DC for domain 'sunil.cc'
Found DC samba4.sunil.cc
Password for [SUNIL\administrator]:
workgroup is SUNIL
realm is sunil.cc
Adding CN=DC,OU=Domain Controllers,DC=sunil,DC=cc
Adding CN=DC,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
Adding CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
Adding SPNs to CN=DC,OU=Domain Controllers,DC=sunil,DC=cc
Setting account password for DC$
Enabling account
Calling bare provision
Looking up IPv4 addresses
Looking up IPv6 addresses
No IPv6 address will be assigned
Setting up share.ldb
Setting up secrets.ldb
Setting up the registry
Setting up the privileges database
Setting up idmap db
Setting up SAM db
Setting up sam.ldb partitions and settings
Setting up sam.ldb rootDSE
Pre-loading the Samba 4 and AD schema
A Kerberos configuration suitable for Samba 4 has been generated at /var/lib/samba/private/krb5.conf
Provision OK for domain DN DC=sunil,DC=cc
Starting replication
Schema-DN[CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[402/1550] linked_values[0/0]
Schema-DN[CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[804/1550] linked_values[0/0]
Schema-DN[CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[1206/1550] linked_values[0/0]
Schema-DN[CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[1550/1550] linked_values[0/0]
Analyze and apply schema objects
Partition[CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[402/1614] linked_values[0/0]
Partition[CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[804/1614] linked_values[0/0]
Partition[CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[1206/1614] linked_values[0/0]
Partition[CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[1608/1614] linked_values[0/0]
Partition[CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[1614/1614] linked_values[30/0]
Replicating critical objects from the base DN of the domain
Partition[DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[97/97] linked_values[23/0]
Partition[DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[360/263] linked_values[23/0]
Done with always replicated NC (base, config, schema)
Replicating DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
Partition[DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[40/40] linked_values[0/0]
Replicating DC=ForestDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
Partition[DC=ForestDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc] objects[18/18] linked_values[0/0]
Committing SAM database
Sending DsReplicaUpdateRefs for all the replicated partitions
Setting isSynchronized and dsServiceName
Setting up secrets database
Joined domain SUNIL (SID S-1-5-21-2550466525-3862778800-1252273829) as a DC
[[email protected] yum.repos.d]#

Add the firewall rules.

[[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --add-port=53/tcp --permanent;firewall-cmd --add-port=53/udp --permanent;firewall-cmd --add-port=88/tcp --permanent;firewall-cmd --add-port=88/udp --permanent; \
firewall-cmd --add-port=135/tcp --permanent;firewall-cmd --add-port=137-138/udp --permanent;firewall-cmd --add-port=139/tcp --permanent; \
firewall-cmd --add-port=389/tcp --permanent;firewall-cmd --add-port=389/udp --permanent;firewall-cmd --add-port=445/tcp --permanent; \
firewall-cmd --add-port=464/tcp --permanent;firewall-cmd --add-port=464/udp --permanent;firewall-cmd --add-port=636/tcp --permanent; \
firewall-cmd --add-port=1024-3500/tcp --permanent;firewall-cmd --add-port=3268-3269/tcp --permanent
[[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --reload

Now add the startup script since the samba4 rpm from wing doesn't have it.

[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/systemd/system/samba.service
[Unit]
Description= Samba 4 Active Directory
After=syslog.target
After=network.target
[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/var/run/samba.pid
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/samba
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
[[email protected] ~]#

Samba 4 currently doesn't support sysvol replication, this is required for Groups GID Mappings, here is the workaround to fix it:

Need to take up the backup of idmap.ldb and restore.

DC1

Install the package.

[[email protected] ~]#yum install tdb-tools

Taking a hot backup.

[[email protected] ~]# tdbbackup -s .bak /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb

Copy the backup file on to DC2.

[[email protected] ~]# ls -l /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb.bak
-rw-------. 1 root root 61440 Jun  3 09:52 /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb.bak
[[email protected] ~]# scp -r /var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb.bak [email protected]:/var/lib/samba/private/idmap.ldb

DC2

Now starting samba service.

[[email protected] ~]# systemctl enable samba
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/samba.service to /etc/systemd/system/samba.service.
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl start samba

DC1

Change the resolv.conf file to point it to 192.168.1.180.

[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/resolv.conf
# Generated by NetworkManager
search sunil.cc
nameserver 192.168.1.180
[[email protected] ~]#

Creating a link.

[[email protected] ~]# ln -s /var/lib/samba/private/krb5.conf /etc/krb5.conf
[[email protected] ~]# cat /etc/krb5.conf
[libdefaults]
        default_realm = SUNIL.CC
        dns_lookup_realm = false
        dns_lookup_kdc = true
[[email protected] ~]#

Checking the Kerberos ticket now.

[[email protected] ~]# kinit [email protected]
Password for [email protected]:
Warning: Your password will expire in 42 days on Sat 15 Jul 2017 10:54:19 PM CEST
[[email protected] ~]# klist
Ticket cache: FILE:/tmp/krb5cc_0
Default principal: [email protected]

Valid starting       Expires              Service principal
06/03/2017 22:03:07  06/04/2017 08:03:07  krbtgt/[email protected]
        renew until 06/04/2017 22:03:03
[[email protected] ~]#

Now our Additional domain controller is ready, Lets check the replication.

DC2

[[email protected] ~]# samba-tool drs showrepl
Default-First-Site-Name\DC
DSA Options: 0x00000001
DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
DSA invocationId: e3f76609-f5f0-421d-99ad-38e1fba10b08

==== INBOUND NEIGHBORS ====

CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4 via RPC
                DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 22:37:24 2017 CEST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Sat Jun  3 22:37:24 2017 CEST

DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4 via RPC
                DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 22:37:24 2017 CEST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Sat Jun  3 22:37:24 2017 CEST

DC=ForestDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4 via RPC
                DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 22:37:24 2017 CEST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Sat Jun  3 22:37:24 2017 CEST

DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4 via RPC
                DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 22:37:24 2017 CEST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Sat Jun  3 22:37:24 2017 CEST

CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4 via RPC
                DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 22:37:24 2017 CEST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Sat Jun  3 22:37:24 2017 CEST

==== OUTBOUND NEIGHBORS ====

CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4 via RPC
                DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4 via RPC
                DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

DC=ForestDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4 via RPC
                DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4 via RPC
                DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4 via RPC
                DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

==== KCC CONNECTION OBJECTS ====

Connection --
        Connection name: 9a2b9a9c-064d-4de1-8c38-20072735de1c
        Enabled        : TRUE
        Server DNS name : samba4.sunil.cc
        Server DN name  : CN=NTDS Settings,CN=SAMBA4,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
                TransportType: RPC
                options: 0x00000001
Warning: No NC replicated for Connection!
[[email protected] ~]#

DC1

Running the same command.

[[email protected] private]# samba-tool drs showrepl
Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4
DSA Options: 0x00000001
DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
DSA invocationId: 745838cd-21e5-4bea-aa28-400a21d59a83

==== INBOUND NEIGHBORS ====

DC=ForestDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 09:53:48 2017 CEST failed, result 2 (WERR_BADFILE)
                1 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 09:53:49 2017 CEST failed, result 2 (WERR_BADFILE)
                1 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 09:53:49 2017 CEST failed, result 2 (WERR_BADFILE)
                1 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 09:53:49 2017 CEST failed, result 2 (WERR_BADFILE)
                1 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 09:53:49 2017 CEST failed, result 2 (WERR_BADFILE)
                1 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

==== OUTBOUND NEIGHBORS ====

DC=ForestDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 09:57:06 2017 CEST failed, result 2 (WERR_BADFILE)
                3 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 09:57:06 2017 CEST failed, result 2 (WERR_BADFILE)
                3 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 09:57:06 2017 CEST failed, result 2 (WERR_BADFILE)
                3 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 09:57:02 2017 CEST failed, result 2 (WERR_BADFILE)
                2 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 09:57:02 2017 CEST failed, result 2 (WERR_BADFILE)
                2 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

==== KCC CONNECTION OBJECTS ====

Connection --
        Connection name: 9c5f7fe2-3cb7-4bb4-9f46-d2922a7a7ab4
        Enabled        : TRUE
        Server DNS name : dc.sunil.cc
        Server DN name  : CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
                TransportType: RPC
                options: 0x00000001
Warning: No NC replicated for Connection!
[[email protected] private]#

If you see this error, then there is an issue with the replication, we will need to reinitate the replication again.

[[email protected] private]# samba-tool drs replicate samba4.sunil.cc dc.sunil.cc DC=sunil,DC=cc
Replicate from dc.sunil.cc to samba4.sunil.cc was successful.
[[email protected] private]#

Now the replication should work fine.

[[email protected] private]# samba-tool drs showrepl
Default-First-Site-Name\SAMBA4
DSA Options: 0x00000001
DSA object GUID: cc0b412e-3bdc-4af7-95e8-90145425d40d
DSA invocationId: 745838cd-21e5-4bea-aa28-400a21d59a83

==== INBOUND NEIGHBORS ====

DC=ForestDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 10:42:04 2017 CEST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Sat Jun  3 10:42:04 2017 CEST

DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 10:42:04 2017 CEST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Sat Jun  3 10:42:04 2017 CEST

DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 10:42:04 2017 CEST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Sat Jun  3 10:42:04 2017 CEST

CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 10:42:04 2017 CEST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Sat Jun  3 10:42:04 2017 CEST

CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ Sat Jun  3 10:42:04 2017 CEST was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ Sat Jun  3 10:42:04 2017 CEST

==== OUTBOUND NEIGHBORS ====

DC=ForestDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

DC=DomainDnsZones,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

CN=Schema,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
        Default-First-Site-Name\DC via RPC
                DSA object GUID: 0b7607ae-0edc-4667-80f0-4c50bbdf742c
                Last attempt @ NTTIME(0) was successful
                0 consecutive failure(s).
                Last success @ NTTIME(0)

==== KCC CONNECTION OBJECTS ====

Connection --
        Connection name: 9c5f7fe2-3cb7-4bb4-9f46-d2922a7a7ab4
        Enabled        : TRUE
        Server DNS name : dc.sunil.cc
        Server DN name  : CN=NTDS Settings,CN=DC,CN=Servers,CN=Default-First-Site-Name,CN=Sites,CN=Configuration,DC=sunil,DC=cc
                TransportType: RPC
                options: 0x00000001
Warning: No NC replicated for Connection!
[[email protected] private]#

Now testing if the objects are getting replicated between DC1 and DC2.

We will first create a test user in DC2 and see if the user is seen in DC1.

DC2

[[email protected] ~]# samba-tool user create howtoforge
New Password:
Retype Password:
User 'howtoforge' created successfully
[[email protected] ~]# samba-tool user list
Administrator
howtoforge
test_user1
test_user
krbtgt
Guest
[[email protected] ~]#

Now checking the same from DC1.

DC1

[[email protected] ~]# samba-tool user list
Administrator
howtoforge
test_user1
test_user
krbtgt
Guest
[[email protected] ~]#

Let's now check the DNS replication.

I will be using the same Windows 10 client that I used in my previous tutorial Samba4 domain controller installation from source.

192.168.1.191 remote management Win 10.

Will add the AD2 server as the secondary DNS.

Add secondary DNS

Testing the DNS replication.

Check the name resolution.

[[email protected] ~]# nslookup test.sunil.cc 192.168.1.170
Server:         192.168.1.170
Address:        192.168.1.170#53

Name:   test.sunil.cc
Address: 192.168.1.200

[[email protected] ~]# nslookup test.sunil.cc 192.168.1.180
Server:         192.168.1.180
Address:        192.168.1.180#53

Name:   test.sunil.cc
Address: 192.168.1.200

[[email protected] ~]#

This is how DNS and replication is working in Samba 4.

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3 Comment(s)

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Comments

From: Mark Johnson at: 2017-06-28 14:37:02

This is a awesome tutorial

From: thctlo at: 2017-07-03 13:44:41

Hai, which samba version is this 4.5? Because the picture with second last picture, with the circle around "Create ptr" did you check that because as far i know that does not work.

But nice howto, well done.

From: iron_michael86 at: 2017-07-03 16:51:14

The version used is 4.5.10

[[email protected] ~]# samba --version

Version 4.5.10

[[email protected] ~]#

Nice catch forgot to mention that. For adding the ptr you can follow the following method.

First create the zone file 

[[email protected] ~]# samba-tool dns zonecreate localhost 1.168.192.in-addr.arpa -U administrator

Password for [SUNIL\administrator]:

Zone 1.168.192.in-addr.arpa created successfully

[[email protected] ~]#

Restart Samba

[[email protected] ~]# systemctl restart samba

You then create the ptr record manually .

You can use the samba-tool command or do it from rsat

[[email protected] ~]# samba-tool dns add localhost 1.168.192.in-addr.arpa 165 PTR gitlab.sunil.cc -U administrator

Something like this. Hope it helps