How to Install and Use Netdata Performance Monitoring Tool on Debian 9

Netdata is a free, open source, scalable, distributed, real-time, performance and health monitoring tool for Linux based operating system. Netdata comes with simple, easy to use and extensible web dashboards that can be used to visualize the processes and services on your system. You can monitor CPU, RAM usage, disk I/O, network traffic, and Postfix using Netdata. Netdata runs on all systems like, physical machines, virtual machines, containers and IoT devices without disrupting their core function.

Netdata comes with lot's of features, some of them are listed below:

  • Stunning interactive bootstrap dashboards.
  • Supports dynamic thresholds, alarm templates, hysteresis and multiple role-based notification methods.
  • You can built custom dashboards easily using HTML.
  • Collects thousands of metrics per server per second, with just 1% CPU utilization of a single core.
  • It monitors almost everything such as, CPU, Memory, Disks, Iptables, Processes, Network interfaces, NFS servers, Apache servers, Redis databases, Postgres databases, MySQL databases, Tomcat, Postfix and Exim mail servers, SNMP devices, Squid proxy servers, and many more.

In this tutorial, we will learn how to install Netdata Performance Monitoring tool on Debian 9.


  • Debian 9 Desktop/Server installed on your system.
  • Non-root user with sudo privileges.

Getting Started

Before starting, you will need to install some packages required to install Netdata.

First, update the package repository by running the following command:

sudo apt-get update -y
sudo apt-get upgrade -y

Next, install all the required dependencies using the following command:

sudo apt-get install zlib1g-dev uuid-dev libmnl-dev pkg-config curl gcc make autoconf autoconf-archive autogen automake python python-yaml python-mysqldb nodejs lm-sensors python-psycopg2 netcat git -y

Once all the packages are installed, you can proceed to the next step.

Install Netdata

First, download the latest version of the Netdata from Git repository. You can do this by running the following command:

git clone --depth=1 ~/netdata

Next, change the directory to the cloned directory using the following command:

cd netdata

Next, install the Netdata by running the script as shown below:

sudo ./

You should see the following output:

  |.-.   .-.   .-.   .-.   .  netdata                                        
  |   '-'   '-'   '-'   '-'   real-time performance monitoring, done right!  

  You are about to build and install netdata to your system.

  It will be installed at these locations:

   - the daemon     at /usr/sbin/netdata
   - config files   in /etc/netdata
   - web files      in /usr/share/netdata
   - plugins        in /usr/libexec/netdata
   - cache files    in /var/cache/netdata
   - db files       in /var/lib/netdata
   - log files      in /var/log/netdata
   - pid file       at /var/run/
   - logrotate file at /etc/logrotate.d/netdata

  This installer allows you to change the installation path.
  Press Control-C and run the same command with --help for help.

Press ENTER to build and install netdata to your system > 

Now, press Enter to continue with the installation. Once the installation is completed successfully, you should see the following output:

 --- We are done! --- 

  |.-.   .-.   .-.   .-.   .-.   .  netdata                          .-.   .-
  |   '-'   '-'   '-'   '-'   '-'   is installed and running now!  -'   '-'  

  enjoy real-time performance and health monitoring...

You can start, stop and get the status of the Netdata service by running the following command:

sudo systemctl start netdata
sudo systemctl stop netdata
sudo systemctl status netdata

You should see the following output if Netdata run's properly:

? netdata.service - Real time performance monitoring
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/netdata.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since Sat 2018-02-10 11:19:29 EST; 18min ago
  Process: 575 ExecStartPre=/bin/chown -R netdata:netdata /var/cache/netdata (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
  Process: 574 ExecStartPre=/bin/mkdir -p /var/cache/netdata (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 580 (netdata)
    Tasks: 17 (limit: 4915)
   CGroup: /system.slice/netdata.service
           ??580 /usr/sbin/netdata -P /run/netdata/ -D
           ??600 bash /usr/libexec/netdata/plugins.d/ 1
           ??612 /usr/libexec/netdata/plugins.d/apps.plugin 1
           ??613 /usr/bin/python /usr/libexec/netdata/plugins.d/python.d.plugin 1

Feb 10 11:19:27 Netdataserver systemd[1]: Starting Real time performance monitoring...
Feb 10 11:19:29 Netdataserver systemd[1]: Started Real time performance monitoring.

Configure Firewall

Netdata runs on port 19999, so you will need to allow port 19999 through the UFW firewall. By default, UFW is not installed in Debian 9. You can install it by running the following command:

sudo apt-get install ufw -y

Once UFW is installed, enable it with the following command:

sudo ufw enable

Next, allow port 19999 using the UFW firewall as follows:

sudo ufw allow 19999/tcp

Next, reload the firewall to apply all the changes:

sudo ufw reload

Once the UFW firewall is configured, you can proceed to access Netdata web interface.

Access Netdata Web Interface

Open your web browser and type the URL http://your-server-ip:19999, you will be redirected to the Netdata dashboard as shown in the below image:

CPU Usage:

Netdata system overview

Load and Disk I/O:

Load and I/O monitoring with netdata

Memory Usage:

memory usage monitoring

IPv4 Networking:

Network Monitoring

Disk Usage:

Disk usage monitoring

You can also view Netdata's current configuration in your browser by typing the URL http://your-server-ip:19999/netdata.conf. You should see the following page:

In the above image, you should see all of the configurable options are commented out. You can configure it as per your need by editing /etc/netdata/netdata.conf file.

Update and Uninstall Netdata

If you want to remove Netdata from your system, then you can run the following command:

cd netdata
sudo / --force

If you want to update the Netdata to the latest version by running the following command:

cd netdata
git pull
sudo ./

Congratulations! you have successfully installed Netdata on Debian 9.

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