There is a new revision of this tutorial available for Ubuntu 12.10 (Quantal Quetzal).

The Perfect Desktop - Ubuntu Studio 10.10 - Page 3

3 Update The System

Now it's time to check for updates and install them. This is done using the Update Manager. If you see the Update Manager in the top panel, you can start the Update Manager by clicking it...

... otherwise you can start the Update Manager by going to System > Administration > Update Manager:

The Update Manager tells you which updates are available (you can click the Check button to refresh the list). Click Install Updates to install them:

Type in your password:

The updates are being downloaded and installed (this can take a few minutes):

If a new kernel was amongst the updates, a system restart is required to make the changes effective. If this is necessary, you will see a Restart Now button. Click that button to restart the system. (If no restart is required, click the Close button to leave the Update Manager.)

The system is now up-to-date.


4 Inventory Of What We Have So Far

Now let's browse all menus to see which of our needed applications are already installed:

You should find the following situation ([x] marks an application that is already installed, where [ ] is an application that is missing):

[x] The GIMP
[x] F-Spot
[ ] Picasa

[x] Firefox
[ ] Opera
[ ] Flash Player
[ ] FileZilla
[ ] Thunderbird
[ ] Evolution
[ ] aMule
[ ] Transmission BitTorrent Client
[ ] Vuze
[ ] Empathy IM Client
[ ] Skype
[ ] Google Earth
[ ] Xchat IRC

[ ] OpenOffice Writer
[ ] OpenOffice Calc
[ ] Adobe Reader
[ ] GnuCash
[x] Scribus

Sound & Video:
[ ] Amarok
[x] Audacity
[ ] Banshee
[ ] MPlayer
[ ] Rhythmbox Music Player
[ ] gtkPod
[ ] XMMS
[ ] dvd::rip
[x] Kino
[ ] Sound Juicer CD Extractor
[ ] VLC Media Player
[ ] RealPlayer
[x] Totem
[ ] Xine
[x] Brasero
[ ] K3B
[ ] Multimedia-Codecs

[ ] KompoZer
[ ] Bluefish
[ ] Quanta Plus

[ ] VirtualBox
[ ] TrueType fonts
[ ] Java
[x] Read/Write support for NTFS partitions

So some applications are already on the system. NTFS read-/write support is enabled by default on Ubuntu Studio 10.10.


5 Configure Additional Repositories

Some packages like the Adobe Reader are not available in the standard Ubuntu repositories. The easiest way to make such packages available to your system is to add the Medibuntu repository.

First we open a terminal (Accessories > Terminal):

First off, we edit /etc/apt/sources.list...

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

... and enable the maverick partner and Ubuntu Extras repositories (if they are not already enabled):

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's
## 'partner' repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by Canonical and the
## respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu users.
deb maverick partner
deb-src maverick partner

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Ubuntu's
## 'extras' repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by third-party
## developers who want to ship their latest software.
deb maverick main
deb-src maverick main

Then save the file.

Next we create the file /etc/apt/sources.list.d/opera.list...

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list.d/opera.list

... and add the Opera repository to it:

deb stable non-free

To enable the Medibuntu repository, please do the following:

Import the repository:

sudo wget$(lsb_release -cs).list --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list

Import the gpg-key and update your package-list:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get update

Then run

sudo update-apt-xapian-index

to make Synaptic display packages from third-party repositories.

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From: Nicka

First off, great job and a really in-depth guide for novice users. The only part I question is the latter part of page 3. I assume this guide is primarily meant for users migrating from Windows to Linux/Ubuntu? I have found that if not most, at least a great many Windows users are terrified of the command line. Over the years I have had serious problems guiding users to open a command prompt and enter "ipconfig" on Windows. IMHO these beginners guides should avoid anything command line in order not to scare people away. Yes, it's the fastest and easiest way to do a loooot of things (if not most) on a *nix-box, but the cold truth is that migrating users want to do it the hard and graphical way for a while. They have all the time in the world to befriend the terminal when they have their system up and running. Otherwise you have done a great job, and I hope it will safely guide a lot of newcomers to the wonderful world of free software/GNU/Linux/Ubuntu!