There is a new version of this tutorial available for Ubuntu 14.10 (Utopic Unicorn).

The Perfect Desktop - Ubuntu 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope) - Page 2

3 Update The System

Now it's time to check for updates and install them. This is done using the Update Manager. If you see the Update Manager in the bottom panel, you can start the Update Manager by clicking on it...

... otherwise you can start the Update Manager by going to System > Administration > Update Manager:

The Update Manager tells you which updates are available (you can click on the Check button to refresh the list). Click on Install Updates to install them:

Type in your password:

The updates are being downloaded and installed (this can take a few minutes):

When the update is complete, click on Close.

(If a new kernel was amongst the updates, a system restart is required to make the changes effective. If this is necessary, you will see a blue reboot icon in the upper right panel. Click on the blue reboot icon to restart the system.)

The system is now up-to-date.


4 Inventory Of What We Have So Far

Now let's browse all menus to see which of our needed applications are already installed:

You should find the following situation ([x] marks an application that is already installed, where [ ] is an application that is missing):

[x] The GIMP
[x] F-Spot
[ ] Picasa

[x] Firefox
[ ] Opera
[ ] Flash Player
[ ] FileZilla
[ ] Thunderbird
[x] Evolution
[ ] aMule
[x] Transmission BitTorrent Client
[ ] Azureus/Vuze
[x] Pidgin
[ ] Skype
[ ] Google Earth
[ ] Xchat IRC

[x] OpenOffice Writer
[x] OpenOffice Calc
[ ] Adobe Reader
[ ] GnuCash
[ ] Scribus

Sound & Video:
[ ] Amarok
[ ] Audacity
[ ] Banshee
[ ] MPlayer
[x] Rhythmbox Music Player
[ ] gtkPod
[ ] XMMS
[ ] dvd::rip
[ ] Kino
[ ] Sound Juicer CD Extractor
[ ] VLC Media Player
[ ] Helix Player
[x] Totem
[ ] Xine
[x] Brasero
[ ] K3B
[ ] Multimedia-Codecs

[ ] KompoZer
[ ] Bluefish
[ ] Quanta Plus

[ ] VirtualBox
[ ] TrueType fonts
[ ] Java
[x] Read/Write support for NTFS partitions

So some applications are already on the system. NTFS read-/write support is enabled by default on Ubuntu 9.04.


5 Configure Additional Repositories

Some packages like the Adobe Reader are not available in the standard Ubuntu repositories. The easiest way to make such packages available to your system is to add the Medibuntu repository.

First we open a terminal (Applications > Accessories > Terminal):

First off, we edit /etc/apt/sources.list...

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

... and enable the jaunty partner repository:

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's
## 'partner' repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by Canonical and the
## respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu users.
deb jaunty partner
deb-src jaunty partner

Then save the file.

To enable the Medibuntu repository, please do the following:

Import the repository:

sudo wget --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list

Import the gpg-key and update your package-list:

sudo aptitude update && sudo aptitude install medibuntu-keyring && sudo aptitude update

Then run

sudo update-apt-xapian-index

to make Synaptic display packages from third-party repositories.

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I installed drivers for my nVidia GeForce 8500GT drivers after Step 3 in this HowTo. It turned out to be not as straight-forward as the Ubuntu documentation would have you believe. It does not work by simply executing SYSTEM>ADMINISTRATION>HARDWARE DRIVERS and then enabling the driver (at least not for me, ymmv). Among other issues:

** The driver would not load
** xorg.conf would not update

Some manual futzing is going to be required here.

Here's the fix I used to get the vid card working with the proprietary drivers:

First, find out the logical connection for the vid card on the motherboard:

1. In a console: sudo lspci | grep VGA (note CAPS)
2. Note the address at the beginning (looks something like "01:00.0" as for me -- the period is not a typo)
3. Close the console

Now install the driver:

1. From Synaptic, install module-assistant
3. Activate a driver
4. IMPORTANT--DO NOT RESTART X YET!! Close the Hardware Drivers dialog.
5. In a console: sudo cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf.backup (in case the world ends)
6. Still in the console: sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf
7. Find the section with the line Identifier "Configured Video Driver"
8. Add a line immediately after that--BusID "PCI:X:Y:Z" (PCI:1:0:0 for me--PCI and colon not typos!)
9. Save the file, close all windows, and restart X (enjoy your nVidia card!)

If you want TwinView (I did):

2. Click X Server Display Configuration
3. Click on the "Disabled" monitor in the Layout window
4. Click Configure
5. Select and enable TwinView in the Configure Display Device dialog box
6. Configure the displays as appropriate
7. Click Save to X Configuration file (a bug keeps me from actually saving here, ymmv, so I continued...)
8. In the Save X Configuration, click Show preview...
9. Highlight and copy all the text in the preview (right-click, "copy")
10. Open the text editor (APPLICATIONS>ACCESSORIES>TEXT EDITOR or your favorite editor)
11. Paste the copied text into the editor window (this is your new xorg.conf file!--but no superuser priviledge yet)
12. In a console: sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf (I didn't backup again, not that much work here, imo)
13. Highlight and copy all the text in the editor and overwrite ALL (!!) of the text in xorg.conf
14. Save xorg.conf, exit all windows (you can close the editor without saving), and restart X (enjoy TwinView!)