The Perfect Desktop - Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot) - Page 3

3 Update The System

Now it's time to check for updates and install them. You can start the Update Manager by opening the Dash, typing in Update Manager into the search bar and clicking on the icon:

The Update Manager tells you which updates are available (you can click on the Check button to refresh the list). Click on Install Updates to install them:

If there are any updates available you can instal them by clicking on Install Updates and entering your password confirm administrativ rights. When the update is complete, click on Close (if a new kernel was amongst the updates, a system restart is required to make the changes effective. If this is necessary, you will see a Restart Now button. Click on that button to restart the system.). The system is now up-to-date.


4 Flash Player And Java

If you have checked the Install this third-party software checkbox during installation, the Flash Player and Java should already be installed on the system.

To check this, open Firefox and type about:plugins in the address bar. Firefox will then list all installed plugins, and it should list the Flash Player (version 11.0 r1) and the IcedTea (Java) plugins among them:


5 Inventory Of What We Have So Far

Now let's browse all menus to see which of our needed applications are already installed:

You should find the following situation ([x] marks an application that is already installed, whereas [ ] is an application that is missing):

[ ] The GIMP
[x] Shotwell Photo Manager
[ ] Picasa

[x] Firefox
[ ] Opera
[ ] Chromium
[x] Flash Player
[ ] FileZilla
[ ] Thunderbird
[x] Evolution
[ ] aMule
[ ] Transmission BitTorrent Client
[ ] Vuze
[x] Empathy IM Client
[ ] Skype
[ ] Google Earth
[ ] Xchat IRC
[x] Gwibber Social Client

[x] LibreOffice Writer
[x] LibreOffice Calc
[ ] Adobe Reader
[ ] GnuCash
[ ] Scribus

Sound & Video:
[ ] Amarok
[ ] Audacity
[x] Banshee
[ ] MPlayer
[ ] Rhythmbox Music Player
[ ] gtkPod
[ ] XMMS
[ ] dvd::rip
[ ] Kino
[ ] Sound Juicer CD Extractor
[ ] VLC Media Player
[ ] RealPlayer
[x] Totem
[ ] Xine
[x] Brasero
[ ] K3B
[ ] Multimedia-Codecs

[ ] KompoZer
[ ] Bluefish
[ ] Eclipse

[ ] VirtualBox
[ ] TrueType fonts
[x] Java
[x] Read/Write support for NTFS partitions

[ ] GNOME desktopn environment

So some applications are already on the system. NTFS read-/write support is enabled by default on Ubuntu 11.10.


6 Install Synaptic and Configure Additional Repositories

Before you install any additional packages it's best to first install the Synaptic Package Manager since it lets you download multiple packages at a time easily. Open a terminal (Dash > Terminal) and enter

sudo apt-get install synaptic

Some packages like the Adobe Reader are not available in the standard Ubuntu repositories. The easiest way to make such packages available to your system is to add the Medibuntu repository.

Again, open a terminal and edit /etc/apt/sources.list...

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

... and enable the oneiric partner and Ubuntu Extras repositories (if they are not already enabled):

## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's
## 'partner' repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by Canonical and
## respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu users.
deb oneiric partner
deb-src oneiric partner

## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by third-party
## developers who want to ship their latest software.
deb oneiric main
deb-src oneiric main

Then save the file.

To enable the Medibuntu repository, please do the following:

Import the repository:

sudo wget$(lsb_release -cs).list --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list

Import the gpg-key and update your package-list:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get update

Then run

sudo update-apt-xapian-index

to make Synaptic display packages from third-party repositories.

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8 Comment(s)

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From: Anonymous at: 2011-10-18 16:47:45

Why should I want to replace Windows with a Linux distro? Most people want to run certain software. In my case my favorite programs and games don't run on Linux. Also Linux has a bad user interface. The only time Linux is better is on the server. On the desktop Windows rules. I've have worked with Linux for over ten years and have yet to find it working well on the desktop.

When I talk about Windows I mean Windows 7, the best desktop operating system despite it's shortcomings.

The Linux distros I've used are Red Hat, Debian, Slackware, Puppy Linux, Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Linux Mint, and perhaps some more.


From: Anonymous at: 2011-10-19 10:45:44

Because some people value their freedom of choice and expression and wish to use that freedom to choose for themselves.

 Are you suggesting that your opinion is so valid that everyone in the world should abandon theirs and just do what you tell them to?

 Falko thankfully takes the time to produce these howto's to enable people to have a look at a different OS and some different apps.  He suggests loads of software that I don't like and won't use, but I'm not going to criticise him for providing instructions on how to install it.  It's all about choice.  You've made yours (and a perfectly acceptable choice that is), don't stop others from making theirs.



From: Anonymous at: 2012-04-01 16:01:19

I think webuilder and conky should be part of the install.


Linux is a fringe OS that is less tested and works far less than Windows.  You will never convince the fringe linux user that windows is the way to go.   To the intelligent user, you want an OS that just works and doesn't break.  The OS is secondary to the software, and should be invisible.  It is a crying shame linux user need to spend so much time in the command line and reading to get things working.


Will a fringe OS, like pinguy or easenix, of a fringe OS, make a mark in the big picture?  No, not apparently.  But yes, in the long run.    


We would still be stuck in 1989 if mainstream build it yourself arguments won out.   It has been through demonstrated and adopted models that has pulled the community forward.


Just do it.--  You must idiot proof, to prove you are not the idiot.

From: Other Anonymous coward :) at: 2011-10-19 21:46:45

Linux is the right platform to work, is not good for games, not even for HD multimedia. Why? Because such applications are plagued with patented software. AVCHD uses a patented compression algorithm, you can not install a totally free linux distribution to play that. If you keep buying such patented stuff, you are collaborating with developers against freedom, (patents are the main threat against free software). Unless you have lots of stock shares, or you are a direct partner of such companies. You are not receiving nothing in exchange for such collaboration, more over you are likely to pay a lot for such membership. Why do you not collaborate with free software developers by spending some time helping to design games, programming, or just support them with a donation. In this way one day the software you like will be available in a free platform. With more freedom to modify. The only reason to have Windows 7 in your computer is because you are forced to buy your computer with one license included, and many proprietary hardware manufacturers do not include drivers and software for linux. They do not hesitate to place software for MS-Windows and MacOS. Why? Because they want to own everything, so they place patents for that sake.

From: Anonymous at: 2011-10-20 10:32:28

In my experience HD multimedia was far better on linux (unpaid experience). ffmpeg, x264 and such projects are making linux fun. Most media players run linux.(i have two:- my samsung tv inbuilt as well as asus o!play hd2) Infact most upcoming devices will run linux kernel in any form from vanilla to android. As you said my 1080p avchd videos from hd cam doesnt perform as good as 720p h264/mkv stuff provided that i have decent gpu(drivers does matter). Ati Catalyst drivers are most horrible thing i faced in linux world- Still doesnt work with gnome 3(open source driver does work but no acceleration). Nvidia way better.

From: roddo at: 2011-12-29 09:17:37

Linux as a desktop can be very, very good (ubuntu).

How well any distribution performs, given the maturity of what they have to play with, is largely down to its creator.

Interface-wise, you have a variety to choose from, something windows doesn't offer.

You may well have a thing for windows, as many do, and it is pretty nice (as it should be, given what you pay for it) but in my experience windows is not inherently better on the desktop than any of the major linux distributions.

From: jonny rocket at: 2011-10-19 15:01:43

DO NOT install any google software!  you will never get it off your hard drive.  google tracks you way too much.  other than that all the other stuff looks good.

From: Linocks at: 2012-01-12 23:12:40

It would appear the Picasa download no longer exists :