The Perfect Server - Mandriva 2009.1 Free (x86_64) [ISPConfig 2] - Page 4

4 Adjust /etc/hosts

Next we edit /etc/hosts. Make it look like this:

vi /etc/hosts               localhost.localdomain localhost  server1


5 Setting The Hostname

You can check the current hostname with the commands

hostname -f

Both commands should show

If the output shows a wrong hostname, you can set the correct one like this:

echo > /etc/hostname
/bin/hostname -F /etc/hostname

To have the system set the correct hostname whenever you boot the system, we add the last command to /etc/rc.local:

vi /etc/rc.local

/bin/hostname -F /etc/hostname



6 Configure urpmi

By default, Mandriva 2009.1 uses the installation DVD as its only software repository which is inconvenient if the server is in a remote location. Therefore we disable the DVD and enable the Mandriva online repositories:

urpmi.removemedia -a && urpmi.addmedia --distrib --mirrorlist


6.1 Creating An Auto-Update Script

Now we create a script /etc/cron.daily/software_update that will autmatically be run by cron daily and looks for and installs the latest software updates on your Mandriva 2009.1 system. The script looks like this:

vi /etc/cron.daily/software_update

urpmi --auto-update --update  --auto

Make the script executable:

chmod 755 /etc/cron.daily/software_update


7 Install Some Packages

Now we install a few packages that are needed later on:

urpmi fetchmail wget bzip2 unzip zip nmap openssl lynx fileutils ncftp flex lib64xorg-x11-devel gcc gcc-c++


8 Quota

To install the quota package, run

urpmi quota

Edit /etc/fstab to look like this (I added ,usrquota,grpquota to the partition with the mount point /):

vi /etc/fstab

# Entry for /dev/sda6 :
UUID=f2e39c55-aaf8-4d0d-9930-60cd2fbde353 / ext3 relatime,usrquota,grpquota 1 1
# Entry for /dev/sda1 :
UUID=552fb882-b288-4b8c-9e5c-0e513445b85d /boot ext3 relatime 1 2
/dev/cdrom /media/cdrom auto umask=0,users,iocharset=utf8,noauto,ro,exec 0 0
/dev/fd0 /media/floppy auto umask=0,users,iocharset=utf8,noauto,exec,flush 0 0
none /proc proc defaults 0 0
# Entry for /dev/sda5 :
UUID=3b9d0070-6c91-46cf-ac67-d2b4acfd947f swap swap defaults 0 0

Then run:

touch /aquota.user /
chmod 600 /aquota.*
mount -o remount /
quotacheck -avugm
quotaon -avug


9 DNS Server

To install the BIND DNS server, run:

urpmi bind

Mandriva 2009.1's BIND is running chrooted by default, therefore we need to create a few symlinks so that ISPConfig (if you want to install it) can deal with it:

cd /var/lib/named/var
mkdir -p lib/named/var
cd lib/named/var
ln -s ../../../named/ named
ln -s ../../../run/ run
cp /var/lib/named/var/named/reverse/named.local /var/lib/named/var/named/

Next we create the system startup links for BIND...

chkconfig named on

... and start it:

/etc/init.d/named start

Share this page:

4 Comment(s)

Add comment


From: Anonymous at: 2009-05-13 00:21:10

because there are so many idiot users like you

From: LinuxAdmon at: 2009-05-14 01:57:14

I'm not familiar with ISPConfig but webmin, I think webmin did it well

From: Anonymous at: 2009-05-10 17:13:23

.. perfect server, perfect desktop, howtos? i thought linux users were a little bit more iterated than their windows counterparts. isn't just one howto enough?

From: Fred at: 2009-05-11 14:19:19

Don't mess with /etc/rc.local to change the hostname of your system. Instead, edit /etc/sysconfig/network