Intrusion Detection With BASE And Snort

This tutorial shows how to install and configure BASE (Basic Analysis and Security Engine) and the Snort intrusion detection system (IDS) on a Debian Sarge system. BASE provides a web front-end to query and analyze the alerts coming from a Snort IDS system. With BASE you can perform analysis of intrusions that Snort has detected on your network.

Scenario: A linux server running Debian Sarge 3.1 setup according to Falko's - The Perfect Setup - Debian Sarge (3.1).
Let's assume we have one working website ( and that the document root is: /var/www/
The IP of the server is and it's using eth0 as network interface name.

Needed programs and files

  • Snort
  • Snort rules
  • PCRE (Perl Compatible Regular Expressions)
  • BASE (Basic Analysis and Security Engine)
  • ADOdb (ADOdb Database Abstraction Library for PHP (and Python).)

Downloading and untaring

We need a temporary place for all the files that we are going to download, and untar.
To keep things simple we will create a directory in the /root named snorttemp. (It's obvious that this download directory can be any name and in anyplace)

cd /root
mkdir snorttemp
cd snorttemp

Now you need to get Snort.
The latest version at the time of writing this is 2.6.0


When the download is finished untar the file:

tar -xvzf snort-2.6.0.tar.gz

And let’s remove the tar file:

rm snort-2.6.0.tar.gz

We also need the Snort rules!
Go to: and scroll down till you see the "Sourcefire VRT Certified Rules - The Official Snort Ruleset (unregistered user release)" rules
(If you are a member of the forum you can also download the - registered user release):


Move the snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz into the snort-2.6.0 map:

mv snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz /root/snorttemp/snort-2.6.0 

and cd into snort-2.6.0:

cd snort-2.6.0

Untar the snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz file:

tar -xvzf snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz

Remove the tar file:

rm snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz

We are done downloading the files needed to get Snort to work.

To make snort work with BASE, we need more!

PCRE - Perl Compatible Regular Expressions.

Go to: and select a download link for the pcre-6.3tar.gz file to download PCRE (at time of writing this it is pcre-6.3.tar.gz)
cd back to the snorttemp map:

cd /root/snorttemp

and download the pcre-6.3.tar.gz file:


Untar the file:

tar -xvzf pcre-6.3.tar.gz

Remove the tar:

rm pcre-6.3.tar.gz
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