The Perfect Desktop - Kubuntu 11.04 - Page 3

7 Install Additional Software

To install additional applications, open the Synaptic Package Manager (System > Package Manager):

Type in your password:

In the Synaptic Package Manager, we can install additional software. You can use the Quick filter field to find packages. To select a package for installation, click on the checkbox in front of it and select Mark for Installation from the menu that comes up:

If a package has a dependency that needs to be satisfied, a window will pop up. Accept the dependencies by clicking on Mark:

Select the following packages for installation (* is a wildcard; e.g. gstreamer* means all packages that start with gstreamer):

  • firefox
  • gimp
  • shotwell
  • chromium-browser
  • gwibber
  • evolution
  • flashplugin-installer (necessary only if you didn't check the Install this third-party software checkbox during installation)
  • amule
  • audacity
  • vuze
  • banshee
  • bluefish
  • dvdrip
  • filezilla
  • ttf-mscorefonts-installer
  • gnucash
  • gstreamer*
  • gtkpod
  • brasero
  • kino
  • mplayer
  • smplayer
  • quanta
  • kompozer
  • scribus
  • totem
  • vlc*
  • mozilla-plugin-vlc
  • xmms2*
  • sound-juicer
  • acroread
  • non-free-codecs
  • ubuntu-restricted-extras
  • kubuntu-restricted-extras
  • libdvdcss2
  • xine-ui
  • xine-plugin
  • thunderbird
  • virtualbox-ose
  • rhythmbox
  • googleearth-package
  • skype

After you've selected the desired packages, click on the Apply button:

Confirm your selection by clicking on Apply:

The packages are now being downloaded from the repositories and installed. This can take a few minutes, so please be patient:

You might be asked to accept a few licenses:

After all packages have been installed, click on Close:

 

8 Flash Player And Java

To check if the Flash Player and Java are installed on the system, open Firefox and type about:plugins in the address bar. Firefox will then list all installed plugins, and it should list the Flash Player (version 10.2 r159)...

... and the IcedTea (Java) plugins among them:

 

9 TrueType Fonts

To check if the TrueType fonts have been installed correctly, open a word processor like LibreOffice. You should now find your new Windows fonts there:

 

10 Google Earth

In chapter 7, we have installed the package googleearth-package which is a utility to automatically build a .deb package of Google Earth. This means, Google Earth is not yet installed; we have to first build a .deb package of it with the help of googleearth-package, and then install the .deb package.

Open a terminal (System > Terminal) and become root:

sudo su

Now you can build the Google Earth .deb package as follows:

make-googleearth-package --force

[...]
Package: googleearth
Version: 6.0.2.2074+0.6.0-1
Section: non-free/science
Priority: optional
Maintainer:  <root@falko-virtual-machine>
Architecture: amd64
Depends: ttf-dejavu | ttf-bitstream-vera | msttcorefonts, lsb-core, libqtcore4, libgl1-mesa-glx, ia32-libs (>= 20080808),
 lib32gcc1 (>= 1:4.1.1), lib32stdc++6 (>= 4.1.1), lib32z1 (>= 1:1.1.4), libc6-i386 (>= 2.0),
 libc6-i386 (>= 2.1.3), libc6-i386 (>= 2.2), libc6-i386 (>= 2.3), libc6-i386 (>= 2.3.2),
 libc6-i386 (>= 2.4) , ia32-libs-gtk
Suggests: nvidia-glx-ia32
Description: Google Earth, a 3D map/planet viewer
 Package built with googleearth-package.
dpkg-deb: building package `googleearth' in `./googleearth_6.0.2.2074+0.6.0-1_amd64.deb'.
Success!
You can now install the package with e.g. sudo dpkg -i <package>.deb
root@falko-virtual-machine:/home/falko#

If you don't see any errors, then you should find the Google Earth .deb package in the current directory:

ls -l

root@falko-virtual-machine:/home/falko# ls -l
total 34308
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko     4096 2011-05-10 20:26 Desktop
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko     4096 2011-05-10 20:26 Documents
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko     4096 2011-05-10 20:26 Downloads
-rw-r--r-- 1 root  root  35087830 2011-05-10 21:52 googleearth_6.0.2.2074+0.6.0-1_amd64.deb
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko     4096 2011-05-10 20:26 Music
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko     4096 2011-05-10 20:26 Pictures
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko     4096 2011-05-10 20:26 Public
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko     2481 2011-05-10 21:27 setup.txt
-rw-r--r-- 1 falko falko     2349 2011-05-10 21:27 setup.txt~
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko     4096 2011-05-10 20:26 Templates
drwxr-xr-x 2 falko falko     4096 2011-05-10 20:26 Videos
root@falko-virtual-machine:/home/falko#

Now you can install Google Earth as follows:

gdebi googleearth_6.0.2.2074+0.6.0-1_amd64.deb

 

11 Inventory (II)

Now let's check again what we have so far by browsing the menus again:

Our inventory should now look like this:

Graphics:
[x] The GIMP
[x] Shotwell Photo Manager
[ ] Picasa

Internet:
[x] Firefox
[ ] Opera
[x] Chromium
[x] Flash Player
[x] FileZilla
[x] Thunderbird
[x] Evolution
[x] aMule
[x] KTorrent
[x] Vuze
[x] Kopete
[x] Skype
[x] Google Earth
[x] Quassel IRC
[x] Gwibber Social Client

Office:
[x] LibreOffice Writer
[x] LibreOffice Calc
[x] Adobe Reader
[x] GnuCash
[x] Scribus

Sound & Video:
[x] Amarok
[x] Audacity
[x] Banshee
[x] MPlayer
[x] Rhythmbox Music Player
[x] gtkPod
[x] XMMS
[x] dvd::rip
[x] Kino
[x] Sound Juicer CD Extractor
[x] VLC Media Player
[ ] RealPlayer
[x] Totem
[x] Xine
[x] Brasero
[x] K3B
[x] Multimedia-Codecs

Programming:
[x] KompoZer
[x] Bluefish
[x] Quanta Plus

Other:
[x] VirtualBox
[x] TrueType fonts
[x] Java
[x] Read/Write support for NTFS partitions

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From: Anonymous at: 2011-05-16 14:20:36

Do you by any chance have a Nvidia graphics card. Because I had the same problem and after replacing it with a less powerful ATI card KDE started to work just perfectly fine. So it looks like there is something very wrong with NVidia drivers.

From: Ray at: 2011-05-12 19:08:54

I'm using Kubuntu since I dumped that Ubuntu/Unity disaster and I love. The look is great and the apps are all better than alternatives in Ubuntu. And I love it how much more configurable KDE is. Really awesome. Too bad I didn't try this even sooner.

From: Bartron at: 2011-05-17 22:46:32

I was in the exact same position when Unity came along.  I gave it an honest go, but it wasn't for me.  I landed in Kubuntu a couple days after, and have been using it since.  It takes a little more customization to get your desktop exactly how you like it, but once you get it there...it's pretty decent.

The only couple of gripes I have is how Dolphin doesn't automount SMB shares like Nautilus does.  (can't play videos directly from SMB share)

From: geetee at: 2011-05-17 19:54:53

2. To stop KDE disabling the effects each time you log in:

Select the Disable functionality checks checkbox on the Advanced tab inside Desktop Effects settings.

 

From: Anonymous at: 2011-05-16 06:52:23

Nice writeup on a great distro.

Just one thing. Never use sudo with a gui application.

It should be kdesudo.

so:

sudo kate /etc/apt/sources.list

becomes:

kdesudo kate /etc/apt/sources.list

 

cheers

F

From: Chris at: 2011-05-17 22:03:38

Quote:  "This tutorial shows how you can set up a Kubuntu 11.04 desktop that is a full-fledged replacement for a Windows desktop"

 Wrong, wrong, wrong.  When will people stop making asinine statements like that?  I'm a moderator on a Linux forum and one of the problems we have is where someone read something to that effect on a website and now they're crying because 1. open source software doesn't work the way their Windows proprietary equivalents do or 2. They want to run Windows .exe programs and a statement like that makes them think they might actually be able to do it.

The truth is, Linux distributions are NOT replacements for Windows.  Can you find some software that will do the equivalent of some of the things you can do in Windows?  Yes.  Is it the same?  No.  And Wine, though it works for a lot of software, doesn't work for a lot of software either.  Or it works but not well enough.

Stop telling people that Linux can replace Windows, because it can't.  It can be an alternative to Windows but not a true replacement.

From: Anonymous at: 2011-05-19 19:23:54

As someone who HAS replaced Windows with Linux in both personal and professional capacities, I have to say the asinine statement here was not made by the author.  Linux CAN replace Windows, and he listed the applications that will make it cover all the bases.  Is it exactly like Windows with all the same apps?  No.  Is Mac?  No.  Yet you can replace Windows with Mac exactly the same way. 

If you need to run Windows apps, you run Windows.  If you need to run Mac apps, you run Mac OS.   And you can't run ALL Windows apps with Wine, but you can run a surprising and ever increasing amount.  The issue here is productivity and functionality, and you most certainly CAN replace Windows with Linux without losing either.

From: Anonymous at: 2011-06-10 03:39:13

I really don't know how did u get this idea, that people who will read this article will try to execute windows .exe on linux.

 "they want to run Windows .exe programs and a statement like that makes them think they might actually be able to do it."

The author mentions Linux as  "Windows replacement"  in terms of applications like browser, media players, dvd burning software

"not the windows .exe files executor"

No where in the article author claims that you can run all the windows apps in linux. It does not mislead people in anyway, author is just explaining and showing how the linux installation and configuration can be done. There is no intention of selling anything or any kind of advert.

People who do not the have the basic understanding that linux and windows are two different things should not be installing linux in the first place. I believe so much information is already available on the internet that most people understand the basic concepts of OS and can research such issues before installing linux.

 

From: darkduck at: 2011-05-15 21:58:46

To start with.... I love KDE. Kubuntu is the my favourite OS. I use it more often than any other of 4 OSes installed on my laptop.

 But since upgrade to 11.04 I have permanent issues which I cannot resolve:

 1) network drives (cifs) are not unmounted before wifi card is switched off, hence it takes 5 minutes to shutdown the laptop (or use power button)

 2) Some issue with desktop effects - they are automatically switched off during each boot. I need to switch them on back manually, but then they can auto-disable themselves again sometimes. I don't know the reasons.

 I have not decided yet, but some thoughts are in my head to replace Kubuntu 11.04 with something else KDE-based. Debian? Or maybe Slackware?

From: Dan at: 2011-05-16 00:46:59

I really like the look of Kubuntu. I think KDE has really come a long way in that regard. But I can't use it. Every time I click on anything, whether it's the K on the bottom left or a program to open, there is a half-second to full second pause before KDE reacts. It's very frustrating. It does not happen with Gnome, Enlightenment, or XFCE, just Kubuntu.

From: Rodislav at: 2011-06-21 08:56:17

I have ATI card, with proprietary drivers.. everything is very slow, same was in ubuntu (now I use kde) so the problems seems to be in proprietary drivers or some compiz settings. With opensource drivers interface is working ok, but computer is overheating and battery is dying much faster.. dont know what to do..

From: Dalton Roberts JR at: 2011-07-01 14:19:13

thanks for the help...I am newbie and this helped out a lot