The Perfect Desktop - Kubuntu 11.04 - Page 2

3 Update The System

Before we go on, we should check if there are any updates available for our system. Start the KPackageKit package manager (System > Software Management):

Click on Software Updates. This will show you a list of available updates. Mark the checkboxes of all updates that you want to install (it is recommended to install all updates) and click on Apply:

Type in your password:

Afterwards the updates are being downloaded and installed:

When the update is complete, you can leave KPackageKit (if a new kernel was amongst the updates, a system restart is required to make the changes effective. If this is necessary, you will see a Restart button. Click on that button to restart the system.).

The system is now up-to-date.

 

4 Inventory Of What We Have So Far

Now let's browse all menus to see which of our wanted applications are already installed:

You should find the following situation ([x] marks an application that is already installed, where [ ] is an application that is missing):

Graphics:
[ ] The GIMP
[ ] Shotwell Photo Manager
[ ] Picasa

Internet:
[ ] Firefox
[ ] Opera
[ ] Chromium
[ ] Flash Player
[ ] FileZilla
[ ] Thunderbird
[ ] Evolution
[ ] aMule
[x] KTorrent
[ ] Vuze
[x] Kopete
[ ] Skype
[ ] Google Earth
[x] Quassel IRC
[ ] Gwibber Social Client

Office:
[x] LibreOffice Writer
[x] LibreOffice Calc
[ ] Adobe Reader
[ ] GnuCash
[ ] Scribus

Sound & Video:
[x] Amarok
[ ] Audacity
[ ] Banshee
[ ] MPlayer
[ ] Rhythmbox Music Player
[ ] gtkPod
[ ] XMMS
[ ] dvd::rip
[ ] Kino
[ ] Sound Juicer CD Extractor
[ ] VLC Media Player
[ ] RealPlayer
[ ] Totem
[ ] Xine
[ ] Brasero
[x] K3B
[ ] Multimedia-Codecs

Programming:
[ ] KompoZer
[ ] Bluefish
[ ] Quanta Plus

Other:
[ ] VirtualBox
[ ] TrueType fonts
[ ] Java
[x] Read/Write support for NTFS partitions

So some applications are already on the system. NTFS read-/write support is enabled by default on Kubuntu 11.04.

 

5 Configure Additional Repositories

Some packages like the Adobe Reader are not available in the standard Kubuntu repositories. The easiest way to make such packages available to your system is to add the Medibuntu repository.

First we open a terminal (System > Terminal):

First off, we edit /etc/apt/sources.list...

sudo kate /etc/apt/sources.list

... and enable the natty partner and Ubuntu Extras repositories (if they are not already enabled):

[...]
## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's
## 'partner' repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by Canonical and the
## respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu users.
deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu natty partner
deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu natty partner

## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by third-party
## developers who want to ship their latest software.
deb http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu natty main
deb-src http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu natty main
[...]

Then save the file.

To enable the Medibuntu repository, please do the following:

Import the repository:

sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/$(lsb_release -cs).list --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list

Import the gpg-key and update your package-list:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get update

 

6 Installing The Synaptic Package Manager

I prefer the Synaptic Package Manager over Kubuntu's built-in package manager, therefore I install it as follows (still in the terminal):

sudo apt-get install synaptic

Then run

sudo update-apt-xapian-index

to make Synaptic display packages from third-party repositories.

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From: Anonymous at: 2011-05-16 14:20:36

Do you by any chance have a Nvidia graphics card. Because I had the same problem and after replacing it with a less powerful ATI card KDE started to work just perfectly fine. So it looks like there is something very wrong with NVidia drivers.

From: Ray at: 2011-05-12 19:08:54

I'm using Kubuntu since I dumped that Ubuntu/Unity disaster and I love. The look is great and the apps are all better than alternatives in Ubuntu. And I love it how much more configurable KDE is. Really awesome. Too bad I didn't try this even sooner.

From: Bartron at: 2011-05-17 22:46:32

I was in the exact same position when Unity came along.  I gave it an honest go, but it wasn't for me.  I landed in Kubuntu a couple days after, and have been using it since.  It takes a little more customization to get your desktop exactly how you like it, but once you get it there...it's pretty decent.

The only couple of gripes I have is how Dolphin doesn't automount SMB shares like Nautilus does.  (can't play videos directly from SMB share)

From: geetee at: 2011-05-17 19:54:53

2. To stop KDE disabling the effects each time you log in:

Select the Disable functionality checks checkbox on the Advanced tab inside Desktop Effects settings.

 

From: Anonymous at: 2011-05-16 06:52:23

Nice writeup on a great distro.

Just one thing. Never use sudo with a gui application.

It should be kdesudo.

so:

sudo kate /etc/apt/sources.list

becomes:

kdesudo kate /etc/apt/sources.list

 

cheers

F

From: Chris at: 2011-05-17 22:03:38

Quote:  "This tutorial shows how you can set up a Kubuntu 11.04 desktop that is a full-fledged replacement for a Windows desktop"

 Wrong, wrong, wrong.  When will people stop making asinine statements like that?  I'm a moderator on a Linux forum and one of the problems we have is where someone read something to that effect on a website and now they're crying because 1. open source software doesn't work the way their Windows proprietary equivalents do or 2. They want to run Windows .exe programs and a statement like that makes them think they might actually be able to do it.

The truth is, Linux distributions are NOT replacements for Windows.  Can you find some software that will do the equivalent of some of the things you can do in Windows?  Yes.  Is it the same?  No.  And Wine, though it works for a lot of software, doesn't work for a lot of software either.  Or it works but not well enough.

Stop telling people that Linux can replace Windows, because it can't.  It can be an alternative to Windows but not a true replacement.

From: Anonymous at: 2011-05-19 19:23:54

As someone who HAS replaced Windows with Linux in both personal and professional capacities, I have to say the asinine statement here was not made by the author.  Linux CAN replace Windows, and he listed the applications that will make it cover all the bases.  Is it exactly like Windows with all the same apps?  No.  Is Mac?  No.  Yet you can replace Windows with Mac exactly the same way. 

If you need to run Windows apps, you run Windows.  If you need to run Mac apps, you run Mac OS.   And you can't run ALL Windows apps with Wine, but you can run a surprising and ever increasing amount.  The issue here is productivity and functionality, and you most certainly CAN replace Windows with Linux without losing either.

From: Anonymous at: 2011-06-10 03:39:13

I really don't know how did u get this idea, that people who will read this article will try to execute windows .exe on linux.

 "they want to run Windows .exe programs and a statement like that makes them think they might actually be able to do it."

The author mentions Linux as  "Windows replacement"  in terms of applications like browser, media players, dvd burning software

"not the windows .exe files executor"

No where in the article author claims that you can run all the windows apps in linux. It does not mislead people in anyway, author is just explaining and showing how the linux installation and configuration can be done. There is no intention of selling anything or any kind of advert.

People who do not the have the basic understanding that linux and windows are two different things should not be installing linux in the first place. I believe so much information is already available on the internet that most people understand the basic concepts of OS and can research such issues before installing linux.

 

From: darkduck at: 2011-05-15 21:58:46

To start with.... I love KDE. Kubuntu is the my favourite OS. I use it more often than any other of 4 OSes installed on my laptop.

 But since upgrade to 11.04 I have permanent issues which I cannot resolve:

 1) network drives (cifs) are not unmounted before wifi card is switched off, hence it takes 5 minutes to shutdown the laptop (or use power button)

 2) Some issue with desktop effects - they are automatically switched off during each boot. I need to switch them on back manually, but then they can auto-disable themselves again sometimes. I don't know the reasons.

 I have not decided yet, but some thoughts are in my head to replace Kubuntu 11.04 with something else KDE-based. Debian? Or maybe Slackware?

From: Dan at: 2011-05-16 00:46:59

I really like the look of Kubuntu. I think KDE has really come a long way in that regard. But I can't use it. Every time I click on anything, whether it's the K on the bottom left or a program to open, there is a half-second to full second pause before KDE reacts. It's very frustrating. It does not happen with Gnome, Enlightenment, or XFCE, just Kubuntu.

From: Rodislav at: 2011-06-21 08:56:17

I have ATI card, with proprietary drivers.. everything is very slow, same was in ubuntu (now I use kde) so the problems seems to be in proprietary drivers or some compiz settings. With opensource drivers interface is working ok, but computer is overheating and battery is dying much faster.. dont know what to do..

From: Dalton Roberts JR at: 2011-07-01 14:19:13

thanks for the help...I am newbie and this helped out a lot