There is a new version of this tutorial available for Fedora 17.
The Perfect Desktop - Fedora 16 i686 (GNOME) - Page 3
3 Update The System
Now it's time to check for updates. Go to Applications > System Tools > Software Update:
The Software Update wizard comes up and checks for the latest updates. Click on Install Updates to install them:
Afterwards the updates are being downloaded and installed:
Your computer is now up to date (in some cases, e.g. if a new kernel got installed, you might have to restart your computer for the changes to take effect - if this is necessary, the Software Update wizard will tell you to do so).
4 Grant Your Account sudo Rights
Fedora 16 is not able to call documents with gedit while you are logged in as root user by having typed su into a terminal. Therefore, we enable our current account to use sudo. Log in as root first:
Then open your /etc/sudoers config by entering
Look out for following part of the file, copy the line that grants root rights to root and paste it beneath with your username in it instead of root:
#Allow root to run any commands anywhere
root ALL=(ALL) ALL
howtoforge ALL=(ALL) ALL
Save and close the file afterwards.
5 Disable SELinux
SELinux is a security extension of Fedora that should provide extended security. In my opinion you don't need it to configure a secure system, and it usually causes more problems than advantages (think of it after you have done a week of trouble-shooting because some service wasn't working as expected, and then you find out that everything was ok, only SELinux was causing the problem). Therefore I choose disable it, although you might prefer to go with it. I haven't tested this setup with SELinux enabled - it might well be that it works without problems, but if it does not, you can try to turn SELinux off and see if the problem is gone.
To disable SELinux, open a terminal (Applications > System Tools > Terminal).
Open /etc/sysconfig/selinux as root (if you were logged in by having typed sudo, you must log out first by entering
sudo gedit /etc/sysconfig/selinux
... and set SELINUX to disabled:
# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
To make the change effective, we must reboot the system:
6 Inventory Of What We Have So Far
Now let's browse all menus under Applications to see which of our needed applications are already installed:
You should find the following situation ([x] marks an application that is already installed, where [ ] is an application that is missing). NTFS read/write support is enabled by default on Fedora 16.
[ ] Gimp
[x] Shotwell Photo Manager
[ ] Picasa
[ ] Opera
[ ] Google Chrome
[ ] Flash Player
[ ] FileZilla
[ ] Thunderbird
[ ] aMule
[ ] Azureus/Vuze
[x] Transmission BitTorrent Client
[x] Empathy IM Client
[ ] Skype
[ ] Google Earth
[ ] Xchat IRC
[ ] Gwibber Social Client
[ ] LibreOffice Writer
[ ] LibreOffice Calc
[ ] Adobe Reader
[ ] GnuCash
[ ] Scribus
Sound & Video:
[ ] Amarok
[ ] Audacity
[ ] Banshee
[ ] MPlayer
[x] Rhythmbox Music Player
[ ] gtkPod
[ ] XMMS
[ ] dvd::rip
[x] Sound Juicer CD Extractor
[ ] VLC Media Player
[ ] Real Player
[ ] Xine
[ ] K3B
[ ] Multimedia-Codecs
[ ] Kompozer
[ ] Bluefish
[ ] Quanta Plus
[ ] VirtualBox
[ ] TrueType Fonts
[ ] Java
[x] Read/Write Support for NTFS Partitions
So some applications are already on the system...
7 Adding Software Repositories
The official Fedora repositories don't provide all the software we need. Fortunately there are also third-party repositories for Fedora 16 that have what we need, and we can make our system use these repositories.
To do this, open a terminal window (under Applications > System Tools > Terminal)...
... and type in
to become root.
rpm -Uvh http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-stable.noarch.rpm http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-stable.noarch.rpm
Next we add the Adobe repository which provides the Flash player and the Adobe Reader:
rpm -Uvh http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
Then we add the Skype repository - as there is no rpm, we have to do it manually. Type
to log out as root and enter following afterwards:
sudo gedit /etc/yum.repos.d/skype.repo
Finally we add the Google repository (which contains Picasa and Google Earth):
sudo gedit /etc/yum.repos.d/google.repo
Next we import the GPG keys for software packages:
sudo rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY*