There is a new revision of this tutorial available for Debian 6 (Squeeze).

The Perfect Desktop - Debian Lenny - Page 4

10 Opera

Open a browser and go to; select Debian as the distribution and then Debian 4.0 (Etch), Debian Testing (Lenny), Debian Unstable (Sid) and click on the Download Opera button:

On the next page, a download dialogue should pop up; click on Save File:

After the download has finished, right-click on the downloaded file and select Open with "Gdeb" from the menu:

A new window opens - click in Install:

Type in the root password:

A terminal window opens where the package is installed. Press ENTER after the successful installation to close the terminal:


A second way to install Opera is to use gdebi as root from the command line. In contrast to Gdeb, gdebi resolves all dependencies of a package, so you should use this if you are getting dependency problems with Gdeb.

Open a terminal and become root:


You can then install Opera as follows:

gdebi /home/falko/Desktop/opera_9.63.2474.gcc4.qt3_i386.deb

Make sure you use the correct path; also the package name can differ, for example if there is a newer version - use the TAB key to use autocompletion in the terminal.


11 Skype

To download Skype, go to, and click on the Download now button. On the next page, select Debian Etch:

Download the file to your computer...

... and then install it exactly as shown for Opera in the previous chapter (either with Gdeb or with gdebi).


12 KompoZer

Go to and click on the Debian package link in the right column:

On the next page, a download dialogue should open. Download the file to your computer...

... and then install it exactly as shown for Opera (either with Gdeb or with gdebi).


13 Google Picasa

Go to and select the right .deb package for your architecture (i386 or amd64):

Save the file to your computer...

... and then install it exactly as shown for Opera (either with Gdeb or with gdebi).


14 Google Earth

Go to and click on the Agree and Download button:

On the next page, a download dialogue should pop up. Click on Save File and save the file to your computer, e.g. the desktop (/home/falko/Desktop in this example):

Then open a terminal and become root:


Make the downloaded file executable and run it:

cd /home/falko/Desktop/
chmod 755 GoogleEarthLinux.bin

This will start the installation. A Google Earth Setup window opens. Accept all default settings and click on Begin Install:

After the installation, you can click on Quit or on Start, if you want to start Google Earth now:

Afterwards, we delete the Google Earth installer:

rm -f GoogleEarthLinux.bin


15 Inventory (III)

Browse the menu again and check what you've got installed so far.

Your list should look like this now:

[x] The GIMP
[x] F-Spot
[x] Picasa

[x] Firefox/Iceweasel
[x] Opera
[x] Flash Player
[x] FileZilla
[x] Thunderbird/Icedove
[x] Evolution
[x] aMule
[x] Transmission BitTorrent Client
[x] Azureus/Vuze
[x] Pidgin
[x] Skype
[x] Google Earth
[x] Xchat IRC

[x] OpenOffice Writer
[x] OpenOffice Calc
[x] Adobe Reader
[x] GnuCash
[x] Scribus

Sound & Video:
[x] Amarok
[x] Audacity
[x] Banshee
[x] MPlayer
[x] Rhythmbox Music Player
[x] gtkPod
[x] XMMS
[x] dvd::rip
[x] Kino
[x] Sound Juicer CD Extractor
[x] VLC Media Player
[x] Real Player
[x] Totem
[x] Xine
[x] Brasero
[x] K3B
[x] Multimedia-Codecs

[x] KompoZer
[x] Bluefish
[x] Quanta Plus

[ ] VMware Server
[x] TrueType fonts
[x] Java
[x] Read/Write support for NTFS partitions

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From: Arjan

An easier way to install Opera and keeping it up-to-date is by using their apt repository.




Your instructions indicate to install Google Earth as root.  And to use Google Earth 5.0 (beta) for PC, Mac or Linux.  When I installed it as root it failed with:
# ./googleearth-linux-plus-4.3.7284.3916.bin
Verifying archive integrity... All good.
Uncompressing Google Earth for GNU/Linux 4.3.7284.3916..............................................................
No protocol specified

Then when I installed it as a regular user it failed with:
Installing desktop icon...
./googleearth-bin: relocation error: /usr/lib/i686/cmov/ symbol BIO_test_flags, version OPENSSL_0.9.8 not defined in file with link time reference

So, I installed the older version, Linux: Google Earth 4.3.  And I didn't install it as root.  Installing as a regular user just worked.


If one is trying to install Skype on an AMD64 system, it will have to be forced (the ia32 libraries are already installed if this tutorial has been followed and adapted for a 64-bit system). In a console as root:

dpkg -i –force-all skype-debian_2.0.0.72-1_i386.deb

Also, Kompozer will not install on AMD64 Lenny as described above. There is a procedure at that seems to work quite nicely and is easy to follow. Modify it to suit your needs. Of course, YMMV.