Striping Across Four Storage Nodes With GlusterFS On Mandriva 2010.0
This tutorial shows how to do data striping (segmentation of logically sequential data, such as a single file, so that segments can be assigned to multiple physical devices in a round-robin fashion and thus written concurrently) across four single storage servers (running Mandriva 2010.0) with GlusterFS. The client system (Mandriva 2010.0 as well) will be able to access the storage as if it was a local filesystem. GlusterFS is a clustered file-system capable of scaling to several peta-bytes. It aggregates various storage bricks over Infiniband RDMA or TCP/IP interconnect into one large parallel network file system. Storage bricks can be made of any commodity hardware such as x86_64 servers with SATA-II RAID and Infiniband HBA.
Please note that this kind of storage doesn't provide any high-availability/fault tolerance features, as would be the case with replicated storage.
I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
In this tutorial I use five systems, four servers and a client:
- server1.example.com: IP address 192.168.0.100 (server)
- server2.example.com: IP address 192.168.0.101 (server)
- server3.example.com: IP address 192.168.0.102 (server)
- server4.example.com: IP address 192.168.0.103 (server)
- client1.example.com: IP address 192.168.0.104 (client)
All five systems should be able to resolve the other systems' hostnames. If this cannot be done through DNS, you should edit the /etc/hosts file so that it looks as follows on all five systems:
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost 192.168.0.100 server1.example.com server1 192.168.0.101 server2.example.com server2 192.168.0.102 server3.example.com server3 192.168.0.103 server4.example.com server4 192.168.0.104 client1.example.com client1
(It is also possible to use IP addresses instead of hostnames in the following setup. If you prefer to use IP addresses, you don't have to care about whether the hostnames can be resolved or not.)
2 Setting Up The GlusterFS Servers
GlusterFS is available as a package for Mandriva 2010.0, therefore we can install it as follows:
should now show the GlusterFS version that you've just installed (2.0.6 in this case):
[root@server1 administrator]# glusterfs --version
glusterfs 2.0.6 built on Sep 20 2009 06:40:50
Repository revision: v2.0.6
Copyright (c) 2006-2009 Z RESEARCH Inc. <http://www.zresearch.com>
GlusterFS comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
You may redistribute copies of GlusterFS under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
Next we create a few directories:
Now we create the GlusterFS server configuration file /etc/glusterfs/glusterfsd.vol which defines which directory will be exported (/data/export) and what client is allowed to connect (192.168.0.104 = client1.example.com):
volume posix type storage/posix option directory /data/export end-volume volume locks type features/locks subvolumes posix end-volume volume brick type performance/io-threads option thread-count 8 subvolumes locks end-volume volume server type protocol/server option transport-type tcp/server option auth.addr.brick.allow 192.168.0.104 subvolumes brick end-volume
Please note that it is possible to use wildcards for the IP addresses (like 192.168.*) and that you can specify multiple IP addresses separated by comma (e.g. 192.168.0.104,192.168.0.105).
Afterwards we restart the GlusterFS server: