The Perfect Setup - Debian Etch (Debian 4.0) - Page 6

13 Apache/PHP5

Now we install Apache:

apt-get install apache2 apache2-doc apache2-mpm-prefork apache2-utils libexpat1 ssl-cert

Next we install PHP5:

apt-get install libapache2-mod-php5 php5 php5-common php5-curl php5-dev php5-gd php5-idn php-pear php5-imagick php5-imap php5-json php5-mcrypt php5-memcache php5-mhash php5-ming php5-mysql php5-ps php5-pspell php5-recode php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tidy php5-xmlrpc php5-xsl

You will be asked the following question:

Continue installing libc-client without Maildir support? <-- Yes

Next we edit /etc/apache2/mods-available/dir.conf:

vi /etc/apache2/mods-available/dir.conf

and change the DirectoryIndex line:

<IfModule mod_dir.c>

          DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.shtml index.cgi index.php index.php3 index.xhtml


Edit /etc/apache2/ports.conf and add Listen 443:

vi /etc/apache2/ports.conf

Listen 80
Listen 443

Now we have to enable some Apache modules (SSL, rewrite, suexec, and include):

a2enmod ssl
a2enmod rewrite
a2enmod suexec
a2enmod include

Reload the Apache configuration:

/etc/init.d/apache2 force-reload


13.1 Disable PHP Globally

(If you do not plan to install ISPConfig on this server, please skip this section!)

In ISPConfig you will configure PHP on a per-website basis, i.e. you can specify which website can run PHP scripts and which one cannot. This can only work if PHP is disabled globally because otherwise all websites would be able to run PHP scripts, no matter what you specify in ISPConfig.

To disable PHP globally, we edit /etc/mime.types and comment out the application/x-httpd-php lines:

vi /etc/mime.types

#application/x-httpd-php                                phtml pht php
#application/x-httpd-php-source                 phps
#application/x-httpd-php3                       php3
#application/x-httpd-php3-preprocessed          php3p
#application/x-httpd-php4                       php4

Edit /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/php5.conf and comment out the following lines:

vi /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/php5.conf

<IfModule mod_php5.c>
#  AddType application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml .php3
#  AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

Then restart Apache:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart


14 Proftpd

In order to install Proftpd, run

apt-get install proftpd ucf

You will be asked a question:

Run proftpd from inetd or standalone? <-- standalone

Then open /etc/proftpd/proftpd.conf and change UseIPv6 from on to off; otherwise you'll get a warning like this when you start Proftpd:

- IPv6 getaddrinfo '' error: Name or service not known

vi /etc/proftpd/proftpd.conf

UseIPv6                         off

For security reasons you can also add the following lines to /etc/proftpd/proftpd.conf (thanks to Reinaldo Carvalho; more information can be found here:

vi /etc/proftpd/proftpd.conf

DefaultRoot ~
IdentLookups off
ServerIdent on "FTP Server ready."

ISPConfig expects the configuration to be in /etc/proftpd.conf instead of /etc/proftpd/proftpd.conf, therefore we create a symlink (you can skip this command if you don't want to install ISPConfig):

ln -s /etc/proftpd/proftpd.conf /etc/proftpd.conf

Then restart Proftpd:

/etc/init.d/proftpd restart

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