The Perfect Server - OpenSUSE 12.1 x86_64 With Apache2 [ISPConfig 3] - Page 4

8 Install Postfix, Dovecot, MySQL


yast2 -i postfix postfix-mysql mysql mysql-community-server mysql-client libmysqlclient-devel dovecot12 dovecot12-backend-mysql pwgen cron python

If you get the error patterns-openSUSE-minimal_base-conflicts-12.1-25.21.1.x86_64 conflicts with python provided by python-2.7.2-7.1.3.x86_64, select the option deinstallation of patterns-openSUSE-minimal_base-conflicts-12.1-25.21.1.x86_64 and hit OK -- Try Again:

Hit Accept on the next screen...

... and finally OK:

Open /etc/postfix/

vi /etc/postfix/

... and uncomment the following line:

tlsmgr    unix  -       -       n       1000?   1       tlsmgr

Create the following symlink:

ln -s /usr/lib64/dovecot/modules /usr/lib/dovecot

Start MySQL, Postfix, and Dovecot and enable the services to be started at boot time.

systemctl enable mysql.service
systemctl start mysql.service

systemctl enable postfix.service
systemctl start postfix.service

systemctl enable dovecot.service
systemctl start dovecot.service

Now I install the getmail package:

yast2 -i getmail

To secure the MySQL installation, run:


Now you will be asked several questions:

server1:~ # mysql_secure_installation


In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MySQL, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n]
 <-- Y
New password: <-- yourrootsqlpassword
Re-enter new password: <-- yourrootsqlpassword
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!

By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]
 <-- Y
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]
 <-- Y
 ... Success!

By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]
 <-- Y
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]
 <-- Y
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MySQL!

server1:~ #

Now your MySQL setup should be secured.


9 Amavisd-new, Spamassassin And Clamav

Install Amavisd-new, Spamassassin and Clamav antivirus. Run

yast2 -i amavisd-new clamav clamav-db zoo unzip unrar bzip2 unarj perl-DBD-mysql

Open /etc/amavisd.conf...

vi /etc/amavisd.conf

... and add the $myhostname line with your correct hostname below the $mydomain line:

$mydomain = '';   # a convenient default for other settings
$myhostname = "server1.$mydomain";

Then create a symlink from /var/run/clamav/clamd to /var/lib/clamav/clamd-socket:

mkdir -p /var/run/clamav
ln -s /var/lib/clamav/clamd-socket /var/run/clamav/clamd

OpenSUSE 12.1 has a /run directory for storing runtime data. /run is now a tmpfs, and /var/run is now bind mounted to /run from tmpfs, and hence emptied on reboot.

This means that after a reboot, the directory /var/run/clamav that we have just created will not exist anymore, and therefore clamd will fail to start. Therefore we create the file /etc/tmpfiles.d/clamav.conf now that will create this directory at system startup (see for more details):

vi /etc/tmpfiles.d/clamav.conf
D /var/run/clamav 0755 root root -

Before we start amavisd and clamd, we must edit the /etc/init.d/amavis init script - I wasn't able to reliably start, stop and restart amavisd with the default init script:

vi /etc/init.d/amavis

Comment out the following lines in the start and stop section:

        # ZMI 20100428 check for stale pid file
        #if test -f $AMAVIS_PID ; then
        #       checkproc -p $AMAVIS_PID amavisd
        #       if test $? -ge 1 ; then
        #               # pid file is stale, remove it
        #               echo -n "(stale amavisd pid file $AMAVIS_PID found, removing. Did amavisd crash?)"
        #               rm -f $AMAVIS_PID
        #       fi
        echo -n "Starting virus-scanner (amavisd-new): "
        $AMAVISD_BIN start
        #if ! checkproc amavisd; then
        #    rc_failed 7
        rc_status -v
        #if [ "$AMAVIS_SENDMAIL_MILTER" == "yes" ]; then
        #    rc_reset
        #    echo -n "Starting amavis-milter:"
        #    startproc -u vscan $AMAVIS_MILTER_BIN -p $AMAVIS_MILTER_SOCK > /dev/null 2>&1
        #    rc_status -v
        echo -n "Shutting down virus-scanner (amavisd-new): "
        #if checkproc amavisd; then
        #    rc_reset
            $AMAVISD_BIN stop
        #    rc_reset
        rc_status -v
        #if [ "$AMAVIS_SENDMAIL_MILTER" == "yes" ]; then
        #    rc_reset
        #    echo -n "Shutting down amavis-milter: "
        #    killproc -TERM $AMAVIS_MILTER_BIN
        #    rc_status -v

Because we have changed the init script, we must run

systemctl --system daemon-reload


To enable the services, run:

systemctl enable amavis.service
systemctl enable clamd.service
systemctl start amavis.service
systemctl start clamd.service


10 Install The Apache 2 Webserver With PHP5, Ruby, Python, WebDAV

Install Apache2 and suphp. Run:

yast2 -i apache2 apache2-mod_fcgid

Install PHP5:

yast2 -i php5-bcmath php5-bz2 php5-calendar php5-ctype php5-curl php5-dom php5-ftp php5-gd php5-gettext php5-gmp php5-iconv php5-imap php5-ldap php5-mbstring php5-mcrypt php5-mysql php5-odbc php5-openssl php5-pcntl php5-pgsql php5-posix php5-shmop php5-snmp php5-soap php5-sockets php5-sqlite php5-sysvsem php5-tokenizer php5-wddx php5-xmlrpc php5-xsl php5-zlib php5-exif php5-fastcgi php5-pear php5-sysvmsg php5-sysvshm ImageMagick curl apache2-mod_php5
zypper install

Then run these commands to enable the Apache modules (including WebDAV):

a2enmod suexec
a2enmod rewrite
a2enmod ssl
a2enmod actions
a2enmod suphp
a2enmod fcgid
a2enmod dav
a2enmod dav_fs
a2enmod dav_lock
chown root:www /usr/sbin/suexec2
chmod 4755 /usr/sbin/suexec2

a2enflag SSL

Next we build the mod_ruby Apache module (it is not available as an OpenSUSE 12.1 package, therefore we have to build it ourselves):

yast2 -i apache2-devel ruby ruby-devel

cd /tmp
tar zxvf mod_ruby-1.3.0.tar.gz
cd mod_ruby-1.3.0/
./configure.rb --with-apr-includes=/usr/include/apr-1
make install

a2enmod ruby

To add Python support, run:

yast2 -i apache2-mod_python
a2enmod python 

Next we install phpMyAdmin:

yast2 -i phpMyAdmin

To make sure that we can access phpMyAdmin from all websites created through ISPConfig later on by using /phpmyadmin (e.g. and /phpMyAdmin (e.g., open /etc/apache2/conf.d/phpMyAdmin.conf...

vi /etc/apache2/conf.d/phpMyAdmin.conf

... and add the following two aliases right at the beginning:

Alias /phpMyAdmin /srv/www/htdocs/phpMyAdmin
Alias /phpmyadmin /srv/www/htdocs/phpMyAdmin

Start Apache:

systemctl enable apache2.service
systemctl start apache2.service

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3 Comment(s)

Add comment


By: Andrea Ghirardini

You wrote:

Create the following symlink:

ln -s /usr/lib64/dovecot/modules /usr/lib/dovecot

 But the right command should be :

Create the following symlink:

ln -s /usr/lib64/dovecot/modules /usr/lib/dovecot/modules

 Otherwise dovecot doesn't start since config file is wrong!

By: glOOmyART

Also the suPHP adress has changed, it's

now, so the correct line to install suPHP is

zypper install


suphp have changed ...

 zypper install