The Perfect Server - OEL 5.4 [ISPConfig 3] - Page 3

3.2 Common configuration

On all computers, we must to do some additional configuration.


Edit /etc/hosts

Edit the /etc/hosts file to include all the computers names/IPs:

vi /etc/hosts

The file must have:

# Do not remove the following line, or various programs
# that require network functionality will fail. localhost mysql http email


Check internet access

Simply, ping any Internet address.

ping -c 5

You must receive an answer like:

PING ( 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from ( icmp_seq=1 ttl=49 time=39.7 ms
64 bytes from ( icmp_seq=2 ttl=49 time=39.9 ms
64 bytes from ( icmp_seq=3 ttl=49 time=39.6 ms
64 bytes from ( icmp_seq=4 ttl=49 time=39.8 ms
64 bytes from ( icmp_seq=5 ttl=49 time=39.8 ms

--- ping statistics ---
5 packets transmitted, 5 received, 0% packet loss, time 4020ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 39.689/39.834/39.921/0.085 ms

If you have problems accessing the Internet try adding the default Gateway Device:

vi /etc/sysconfig/network

The file will look like (substitute eth0 with the device you use to access the Internet):


And then execute:

service network restart


Prepare the system to download online software

We will download software online. Now, we add the needed repositories.


cd /etc/yum.repos.d
vi public-yum-el5.repo

Change all occurrences of enable=0 with enable=1.

The file must contain:

name=Enterprise Linux $releasever GA - $basearch - base

name=Enterprise Linux $releasever U1 - $basearch - base

name=Enterprise Linux $releasever U2 - $basearch - base

name=Enterprise Linux $releasever U3 - $basearch - base

name=Enterprise Linux $releasever U4 - $basearch - base

name=Enterprise Linux $releasever - $basearch - addons

name=Enterprise Linux $releasever - $basearch - oracle_addons

Add more repositories and upgrade the installed packages:

rpm -Uhv
yum install apt ghostscript-fonts
apt-get update
apt-get upgrade


Synchronize the server clock

To maintain all systems synchronized, simply execute:

chkconfig --levels 235 ntpd on
/etc/init.d/ntpd start


4 Install MySQL

Now, we are ready to install MySQL, Phpmyadmin and ISPConfig on computer mysql.


Install MySQL itself

The installation of MySQL is very simple. Execute:

yum install mysql-server mysql

This simple command installs MySQL and its dependencies.

If you want that MySQL databases are created on another disk or partition, now you can mount it at /var/lib/mysql and give permission to mysql:mysql

Start the mysql engine and set the password for the main user root. Execute:

chkconfig --level 235 mysqld on
service mysqld start
mysqladmin -u root password xxxx

Now, we can login into mysql:

mysql -u root -p
Enter password:

Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 8520
Server version: 5.0.77 Source distribution

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.


We can connect to mysql from localhost. In order to allow the conexion from, we need to execute (connected to mysql):

mysql> SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'' = PASSWORD('xxxx');


Install phpMyAdmin (optional)

phpMyAdmin is a free software tool written in PHP intended to handle the administration of MySQL over the World Wide Web.

First, install Apache and PHP and allow Autostart of Apache by executing:

yum install httpd php php-mysql php-mbstring mysql-devel mhash gcc libmcrypt
chkconfig --level 235 httpd on
service httpd restart

Install php_mcrypt. Execute:

cd /tmp
rpm -ivh php-mcrypt-5.1.6-5.el5.i386.rpm

And install phpMyAdmin:

yum install phpmyadmin

By default, phpMyAdmin is only accessible from localhost. You can allow the access from other computers by editing the /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf file.

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf

Add lines of type Allow. Example of a complete file:

#  Web application to manage MySQL

  Order Deny,Allow
  Deny from all
  Allow from
  Allow from 192.168

Alias /phpmyadmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin
Alias /phpMyAdmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin
Alias /mysqladmin /usr/share/phpmyadmin

You must fill the phpMyAdmin blowfish_secret with some sentence.

vi /usr/share/phpmyadmin/

Put some string in the line $cfg['blowfish_secret'] = ''; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH! */

Example: $cfg['blowfish_secret'] = 'something'; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH! */

Restart Apache...

service httpd restart

... and, now, phpMyAdmin is accessible at


Install and configure ISPConfig

On a distributed configuration, it is needed to install and configure ISPConfig on every computer. All ISPConfig needs is a local MySQL database and all ISPConfigs, except the first to install, must join the existing environment.

On the other hand, we must define the computers that can be ISPConfig webservers.

For this installation, the first computer to install ISPConfig and the unique ISPConfig WebServer is

To install and configure ISPConfig, we must execute:

cd /tmp
tar xvfz ISPConfig-
cd ispconfig3_install/install/
php -q install.php

 _____ ___________   _____              __ _
|_   _/  ___| ___ \ /  __ \            / _(_)
  | | \ `--.| |_/ / | /  \/ ___  _ __ | |_ _  __ _
  | |  `--. \  __/  | |    / _ \| '_ \|  _| |/ _` |
 _| |_/\__/ / |     | \__/\ (_) | | | | | | | (_| |
 \___/\____/\_|      \____/\___/|_| |_|_| |_|\__, |
                                              __/ |

Operating System: Redhat or compatible, unknown version.

    Following will be a few questions for primary configuration so be careful.
    Default values are in [brackets] and can be accepted with <ENTER>.
    Tap in "quit" (without the quotes) to stop the installer.

Select language (en,de) [en]: <---- ENTER
Installation mode (standard,expert) [standard]: expert <---- expert

Full qualified hostname (FQDN) of the server, eg server1.domain.tld []: <---- ENTER

MySQL server hostname [localhost]: <---- (the full name of mysql server)

MySQL root username [root]: <---- ENTER

MySQL root password []: xxxxxx <---- mysql password of root user

MySQL database to create [dbispconfig]: <---- ENTER

MySQL charset [utf8]: <---- ENTER

Shall this server join an existing ISPConfig multiserver setup (y,n) [n]: <---- ENTER (n) because it is the first ISPConfig installation

Adding ISPConfig server record to database.

Configure Mail (y,n) [y]: n <---- n

Configure Jailkit (y,n) [y]: n <---- n

Configure FTP Server (y,n) [y]: n <---- n

Configure DNS Server (y,n) [y]: n <---- n

Hint: If this server shall run the ispconfig interface, select 'y' in the 'Configure Apache Server' option.

Configure Apache Server (y,n) [y]: <---- ENTER (y) because this computer will be the ISPConfig Webserver

Configuring Apache
Configuring vlogger
Configuring Apps vhost
Configure Firewall Server (y,n) [y]: <---- ENTER

Configuring Firewall
Install ISPConfig Web-Interface (y,n) [y]: <---- ENTER (y) because this computer will be the ISPConfig Webserver

Installing ISPConfig
ISPConfig Port [8080]: 80 <---- try the port you want

chown: `getmail': invalid user
Configuring DBServer
Installing Crontab
no crontab for root
Stopping httpd: [ OK ]
[Sun Mar 28 00:28:42 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:443 has no VirtualHosts
[Sun Mar 28 00:28:42 2010] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
Starting httpd: [ OK ]
Installation completed.

ISPConfig is accessible at
We need to configure the services that computer accepts (only mysql).
So, access ISPConfig 3 under Log in with the username admin and the password admin (you should change the default password after your first login):


By default, all options are enabled.


We must entry in option and uncheck all options but DB-Server:


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