The Perfect Server - Mandriva 2008 Spring Free (Mandriva 2008.1) For x86_64 - Page 4

4 Adjust /etc/hosts

Next we edit /etc/hosts. Make it look like this:

vi /etc/hosts               localhost.localdomain localhost  server1


5 Setting The Hostname

(This step is optional.)

This is not necessary if you have set the correct hostname during the installation. You can check the current hostname with the commands

hostname -f

Both commands should show

If the output shows a wrong hostname, you can set the correct one like this:

echo > /etc/hostname
/bin/hostname -F /etc/hostname


6 Configure urpmi

You can use the wizard on to find out how to configure urpmi so that urpmi uses online package repositories:

For me the wizard gave back these commands that I run on the command line:

urpmi.addmedia 'Main' ''
urpmi.addmedia 'Contrib' ''
urpmi.addmedia 'Main Updates' ''
urpmi.addmedia 'Contrib Updates' ''


6.1 Disable The Installation CDs

(This applies only if you're using the three Mandriva 2008.1 installation CDs, not the DVD!)

I haven't tested this as I'm using the DVD, not the CDs, but for the CDs the command should be as follows:

To disable the Mandriva 2008.1 CDs as a package repository, we run

urpmi.removemedia "Mandriva Linux - 2008.1 (Free64) - x86_64 CD1"
urpmi.removemedia "Mandriva Linux - 2008.1 (Free64) - x86_64 CD2"
urpmi.removemedia "Mandriva Linux - 2008.1 (Free64) - x86_64 CD3"

(This is particularly useful if your server will be in a remote location where you cannot insert the CDs.)

You can find out the correct names of the media by running:

ls -l /var/lib/urpmi/

You can take the correct names from the names.* entries.


6.2 Disable The Installation DVD

(This applies only if you're using the Mandriva 2008.1 installation DVD, not the three CDs!)

To disable the Mandriva 2008.1 DVD as a package repository, we run

urpmi.removemedia "Mandriva Linux - 2008.1 (Free64) - Installer (contrib)"
urpmi.removemedia "Mandriva Linux - 2008.1 (Free64) - Installer"
urpmi.removemedia "Mandriva Linux - 2008.1 (Free64) - Installer (main32)"


6.3 Creating An Auto-Update Script

Now we create a script /etc/cron.daily/software_update that will autmatically be run by cron daily and looks for and installs the latest software updates on your Mandriva 2008.1 system. The script looks like this:

vi /etc/cron.daily/software_update
urpmi.update updates
urpmi --auto --update --auto-select

Make the script executable:

chmod 755 /etc/cron.daily/software_update


7 Install Some Packages

Now we install a few packages that are needed later on:

urpmi fetchmail wget bzip2 unzip zip nmap openssl lynx fileutils ncftp flex lib64xorg-x11-devel gcc gcc-c++


8 Quota

To install the quota package, run

urpmi quota

Edit /etc/fstab to look like this (I added ,usrquota,grpquota to the partition with the mount point /):

vi /etc/fstab
# Entry for /dev/sda6 :
UUID=8e7f6bd0-0630-11dd-bcc1-6787ae22ef91 / ext3 relatime,usrquota,grpquota 1 1
# Entry for /dev/sda1 :
UUID=a0de6628-0630-11dd-91a9-5d76fb80ffee /boot ext3 relatime 1 2
/dev/cdrom /media/cdrom auto umask=0,users,iocharset=utf8,noauto,ro,exec 0 0
/dev/fd0 /media/floppy auto umask=0,users,iocharset=utf8,noauto,exec,flush 0 0
none /proc proc defaults 0 0
# Entry for /dev/sda5 :
UUID=a21dfc56-0630-11dd-a951-df43bffad1b6 swap swap defaults 0 0

Then run:

touch /aquota.user /
chmod 600 /aquota.*
mount -o remount /
quotacheck -avugm
quotaon -avug


9 DNS Server

To install the BIND DNS server, run:

urpmi bind

Mandriva 2008.1's BIND is running chrooted by default, therefore we need to create a few symlinks so that ISPConfig (if you want to install it) can deal with it:

cd /var/lib/named/var
mkdir -p lib/named/var
cd lib/named/var
ln -s ../../../named/ named
ln -s ../../../run/ run
cp /var/lib/named/var/named/reverse/named.local /var/lib/named/var/named/

Next we create the system startup links for BIND...

chkconfig named on

... and start it:

/etc/init.d/named start
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