Installing Nginx With PHP5 And MySQL Support On Fedora 10 - Page 2

4 Installing PHP5

We can make PHP5 work in nginx through FastCGI. There's no standalone FastCGI daemon package for Fedora, therefore we use the FastCGI package of lighttpd (lighttpd-fastcgi) and install it together with php-cli and some PHP5 modules like php-mysql which you need if you want to use MySQL from your PHP scripts:

yum install lighttpd-fastcgi php-cli php-mysql php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc php-eaccelerator php-magickwand php-magpierss php-mapserver php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-mhash php-mssql php-shout php-snmp php-soap php-tidy

Then open /etc/php.ini and add the line cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1 right at the end of the file:

vi /etc/php.ini

cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1

The lighttpd-fastcgi package comes with the executable /usr/bin/spawn-fcgi which we can use to start FastCGI processes. Take a look at

spawn-fcgi --help

to learn more about it.

To start a PHP FastCGI daemon listening on port 9000 on localhost and running as the user and group nginx, we run the following command:

/usr/bin/spawn-fcgi -a -p 9000 -u nginx -g nginx -f /usr/bin/php-cgi -P /var/run/

Of course, you don't want to type in that command manually whenever you boot the system, so to have the system execute the command automatically at boot time, open /etc/rc.local...

vi /etc/rc.local

... and add the command at the end of the file:

/usr/bin/spawn-fcgi -a -p 9000 -u nginx  -g nginx -f /usr/bin/php-cgi -P /var/run/


5 Configuring nginx

The nginx configuration is in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf which we open now:

vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

The configuration is easy to understand (you can learn more about it here: and here:

First (this is optional) you can increase the number of worker processes and set the keepalive_timeout to a reasonable value:

worker_processes  5;
    keepalive_timeout  2;

The virtual hosts are defined in server {} containers. Let's modify the default vhost as follows:

    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  _;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
            index  index.php index.html index.htm;

        error_page  404              /404.html;
        location = /404.html {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   /usr/share/nginx/html;

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass;

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on
        location ~ \.php$ {
            root           /usr/share/nginx/html;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/share/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        location ~ /\.ht {
            deny  all;

server_name _; makes this a default catchall vhost (of course, you can as well specify a hostname here like

In the location / part, I've added index.php to the index line. root /usr/share/nginx/html; means that the document root is the directory /usr/share/nginx/html.

The important part for PHP is the location ~ \.php$ {} stanza. Uncomment it to enable it. Change the root line to the web site's dosument root (e.g. root /usr/share/nginx/html;). Please make sure that you change the fastcgi_param line to fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/share/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name; because otherwise the PHP interpreter won't find the PHP script that you call in your browser.

Now save the file and restart nginx:

/etc/init.d/nginx restart

Now create the following PHP file in the document root /usr/share/nginx/html...

vi /usr/share/nginx/html/info.php


Now we call that file in a browser (e.g.

As you see, PHP5 is working, and it's working through FastCGI, as shown in the Server API line. If you scroll further down, you will see all modules that are already enabled in PHP5, including the MySQL module:


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From: Scott at: 2010-02-09 01:14:03

Very helpful - thanks for the thorough account

From: Mac Download at: 2011-09-28 03:34:54

This is for Fedora so I can use it on CentOS too?

From: ron at: 2012-03-22 17:42:37

i've been fighting with this for days now, and your tutorial is one that actually works. thanks again.

Ron G

From: Anonymous at: 2012-07-04 18:00:43

Thank you so much! After hours of hair pulling, PHP is finally running on my nginx server. You are a genius!