How To Remotely Install Debian Over A RH Based Distro - Page 2
4) Keep some old system files
Next we're going to reuse some files from the old RH based system. Chances are good that the machine name and hostname will stay the same, as well as the name servers, so we are going to copy the config files for these from our RH based system into our new Debian system.
Copy resolv.conf into the new system to keep our old name server information:
cp /etc/resolv.conf $ASD/etc/
cp: overwrite `/mnt/asd/etc/resolv.conf'? y
Copy our hosts file to keep the same name mapping information:
cp /etc/hosts $ASD/etc/
Lastly, our hostname file:
cp /etc/hostname $ASD/etc/
If you're missing either of the last 2 files, don't worry. You can create them in the $ASD/etc/ directory now.
5) Begin setting up new system
Now that the base system is downloaded and installed, we're going to enter a chroot environment so we can begin to set the new system up:
chroot $ASD /usr/bin/env -i HOME=/root TERM=$TERM PS1='\u:\w\$ ' PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin /bin/bash --login
First thing we need to do is tell the new system how to mount the filesystems when it boots up. I use vim as my editor of choice, but feel free to use whatever editor you feel comfortable with. We're going to make a simple fstab for the moment:
# filesystem mount fs-type options dump fsck-order /dev/hda2 / auto defaults 0 1 proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
Now we need to get proc mounted:
mount -t proc proc /proc
Then we set the hostname (make sure this matches what you have configured in your hosts file):
RH based distros will not have this next file. Debian systems configure the network interfaces in a different manner than RH based distros, so we need to create this next file and populate it:
# Used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8). See the interfaces(5) manpage or # /usr/share/doc/ifupdown/examples for more information. auto lo iface lo inet loopback auto eth0 # Automatically bring eth0 up on boot iface eth0 inet static # Define a static IP for eth0 address 192.168.100.110 # This machine's IP address netmask 255.255.255.0 # The netmask for the network that this machine is on network 192.168.100.0 # The network that this machine is on broadcast 192.168.100.255 # The broadcast address for the network this machine is on gateway 192.168.100.1 # The gateway this machine needs to communicate through dns-nameservers 192.168.100.1 192.168.100.2 # Define name servers here - redundant to /etc/resolv.conf
Change the IP addresses to match your environment. If you do not know this information, you can always open another SSH session into the system and find out. Opening a new SSH session into the machine will bring you into the RH system, not the chroot'ed Debian system, so you may gather this information from the config files on the functioning RH machine. Once you are done setting this information, save the file.
Let's set a few system settings now. First let's set a root password and create a user account:
I answered Yes to Shadow passwords, entered a root password, and created a normal user account (user1) so that I do not have to login as root via SSH.
Next we install and configure our locales:
apt-get install locales
Now select what type of locale you need (I selected en_US ISO-8559-1). Make sure you do NOT select 'None' as the default locale for the system environment.
Lastly, we need to set our timezone:
I couldn't get netselect-apt to work on my test system, so I manually configured my /etc/apt/sources.list:
deb http://mirrors.kernel.org/debian/ etch main deb-src http://mirrors.kernel.org/debian/ etch main deb http://security.debian.org/ etch/updates main deb-src http://security.debian.org/ etch/updates main
You can try running 'netselect-apt etch' from the command line and seeing if it works for you. If not, you'll need to manually set the file. Remember to run
Now we need to install SSH so we can login after we reboot into the new Debian system:
apt-get -y install ssh
Using apt-cache we will search for a kernel appropriate for this system:
apt-cache search kernel-image
Use the SMP if you have multiple processors. I'm using the generic 686 kernel that most everyone will use:
apt-get -y install kernel-image-2.6-686
I chose Yes to the vmlinuz symbolic link. Make sure to choose "No" to the abort message that pops up about the bootloader.
Next we need to install a package that will help load modules, such as the Ethernet driver:
apt-get -y install discover
You'll want to compare this against an output of
on the RH system to see if there are any differences in identifying hardware. If there are, you'll need to add a line to /etc/modutils/aliases to load the correct driver. Afterwards you'll need to run
We also need to create /etc/discover.conf to configure hardware detection settings:
# /etc/discover.conf: hardware detection settings # Enable the PCI, USB, IDE, and SCSI bus scans: enable pci,usb,ide,scsi # Disable PCMCIA - We're not running a laptop! disable pcmcia # Scan for these devices at boot boot bridge ethernet ide scsi usb
Let's run makedev just to be on the safe side:
This can take a couple minutes. After it's done, log out of the chroot.