Debian 4.0 (Etch) Samba Standalone Server With tdbsam Backend
Author: Till Brehm <t.brehm [at] projektfarm [dot] com>
Last edited 04/13/2007
This tutorial explains the installation of a Samba file server on Debian Etch and how to configure it to share files over the SMB protocol as well as adding users. Samba is configured as a standalone server, not as a domain controller. To configure Samba as a domain controller, have a look at this howto: http://www.howtoforge.com/samba_domaincontroller_setup_ubuntu_6.10
In the resulting setup, every user has its own home directory that is accessible via SMB protocol and all users have a shared directory with read/write access.
Install the Debian Samba packages:
apt-get install libcupsys2 samba samba-common
Answer the following questions:
Please specify the workgroup you want this server to appear to be in when queried by clients. Note that this parameter also controls the domain name used with the security=domain setting.
If your computer gets IP address information from a DHCP server on the network, the DHCP server may also provide information about WINS servers ("NetBIOS name â servers") present on the network. This requires a change to your smb.conf file so that DHCP-provided WINS settings will automatically be read from /etc/samba/dhcp.conf.
The dhcp3-client package must be installed to take advantage of this feature.
Modify smb.conf to use WINS settings from DHCP?
Edit the smb.conf file:
In the global section, remove the ";" at the front of the line security = user so it looks like this:
security = user
to enable Linux system users to log in to the Samba server.
In the section [homes] change writable = no to:
writable = yes
Close the file and restart Samba:
Now I will add a share that is accessible by all users.
Create the directory for sharing the files and change the owner to the users group.
mkdir -p /home/shares/allusers
chown -R root:users /home/shares/allusers/
chmod -R ug+rwx,o+rx-w /home/shares/allusers/
At the end of the file /etc/samba/smb.conf add the following lines:
[allusers] comment = All Users path = /home/shares/allusers valid users = @users force group = users create mask = 0660 directory mask = 0771 writable = yes
Now we restart Samba:
Adding And Managing Users
In this example, I will add a user named tom. You can add as many users as you need in the same way, just replace the username tom with the desired username in the commands.
useradd tom -m -G users
Now add the user to the Samba user database.
smbpasswd -a tom
-> Enter the password for the new user
Now you should be able to log in from your Windows workstation with the file explorer using the username tom and the chosen password and store files on the Linux server either in tom's home directory or in the public shared directory.