There is a new version of this tutorial available for Ubuntu 13.10 (Saucy Salamander).

Virtual Users And Domains With Postfix, Courier And MySQL (Ubuntu 6.10 Edgy Eft) - Page 4

9 Install amavisd-new, SpamAssassin, And ClamAV

To install amavisd-new, spamassassin and clamav, run the following command:

apt-get install amavisd-new spamassassin clamav clamav-daemon zoo unzip bzip2 unzoo libnet-ph-perl libnet-snpp-perl libnet-telnet-perl nomarch lzop pax

Afterwards we must configure amavisd-new. The configuration is split up in various files which reside in the /etc/amavis/conf.d directory. Take a look at each of them to become familiar with the configuration. Most settings are fine, however we must modify three files:

First we must enable ClamAV and SpamAssassin in /etc/amavis/conf.d/15-content_filter_mode by uncommenting the @bypass_virus_checks_maps and the @bypass_spam_checks_maps lines:

vi /etc/amavis/conf.d/15-content_filter_mode

The file should look like this:

use strict;

# You can modify this file to re-enable SPAM checking through spamassassin

# and to re-enable antivirus checking.


# Default antivirus checking mode

# Uncomment the two lines below to enable it back


@bypass_virus_checks_maps = (

   \%bypass_virus_checks, \@bypass_virus_checks_acl, \$bypass_virus_checks_re);


# Default SPAM checking mode

# Uncomment the two lines below to enable it back


@bypass_spam_checks_maps = (

   \%bypass_spam_checks, \@bypass_spam_checks_acl, \$bypass_spam_checks_re);

1;  # insure a defined return

And then you should take a look at the spam settings and the actions for spam-/virus-mails in /etc/amavis/conf.d/20-debian_defaults. There's no need to change anything if the default settings are ok for you. The file contains many explanations so there's no need to explain the settings here:

vi /etc/amavis/conf.d/20-debian_defaults

$QUARANTINEDIR = "$MYHOME/virusmails";

$log_recip_templ = undef;    # disable by-recipient level-0 log entries

$DO_SYSLOG = 1;              # log via syslogd (preferred)

$syslog_ident = 'amavis';    # syslog ident tag, prepended to all messages

$syslog_facility = 'mail';

$syslog_priority = 'debug';  # switch to info to drop debug output, etc

$enable_db = 1;              # enable use of BerkeleyDB/libdb (SNMP and nanny)

$enable_global_cache = 1;    # enable use of libdb-based cache if $enable_db=1

$inet_socket_port = 10024;   # default listenting socket

$sa_spam_subject_tag = '***SPAM*** ';

$sa_tag_level_deflt  = 2.0;  # add spam info headers if at, or above that level

$sa_tag2_level_deflt = 6.31; # add 'spam detected' headers at that level

$sa_kill_level_deflt = 6.31; # triggers spam evasive actions

$sa_dsn_cutoff_level = 10;   # spam level beyond which a DSN is not sent

$sa_mail_body_size_limit = 200*1024; # don't waste time on SA if mail is larger

$sa_local_tests_only = 0;    # only tests which do not require internet access?


$final_virus_destiny      = D_DISCARD;  # (data not lost, see virus quarantine)

$final_banned_destiny     = D_BOUNCE;   # D_REJECT when front-end MTA

$final_spam_destiny       = D_BOUNCE;

$final_bad_header_destiny = D_PASS;     # False-positive prone (for spam)


Finally, edit /etc/amavis/conf.d/50-user and add the line $pax='pax'; in the middle:

vi /etc/amavis/conf.d/50-user




Afterwards, run these commands to add the clamav user to the amavis group and to restart amavisd-new and ClamAV:

adduser clamav amavis
/etc/init.d/amavis restart
/etc/init.d/clamav-daemon restart

Next we must edit the configuration file of the Freshclam daemon (that's the daemon that regularly and automatically fetches the newest virus signatures from a ClamAV mirror) because it contains a small bug. Open /etc/clamav/freshclam.conf and modify the NotifyClamd line as shown below:

vi /etc/clamav/freshclam.conf


NotifyClamd /etc/clamav/clamd.conf


Then restart Freshclam (make sure no other Freshclam process (maybe of another ClamAV installation) is running because then our Freshclam will fail to start):

/etc/init.d/clamav-freshclam restart

Now we have to configure Postfix to pipe incoming email through amavisd-new:

postconf -e 'content_filter = amavis:[]:10024'
postconf -e 'receive_override_options = no_address_mappings'

Afterwards append the following lines to /etc/postfix/

vi /etc/postfix/


amavis unix - - - - 2 smtp

        -o smtp_data_done_timeout=1200

        -o smtp_send_xforward_command=yes inet n - - - - smtpd

        -o content_filter=

        -o local_recipient_maps=

        -o relay_recipient_maps=

        -o smtpd_restriction_classes=

        -o smtpd_client_restrictions=

        -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=

        -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=

        -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_mynetworks,reject

        -o mynetworks=

        -o strict_rfc821_envelopes=yes

        -o receive_override_options=no_unknown_recipient_checks,no_header_body_checks

        -o smtpd_bind_address=

Then restart Postfix:

/etc/init.d/postfix restart

Now run

netstat -tap

and you should see Postfix (master) listening on port 25 (smtp) and 10025, and amavisd-new on port 10024:

[email protected]:/usr/local/sbin# netstat -tap
Active Internet connections (servers and established)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name
tcp        0      0 localhost.localdo:10024 *:*                     LISTEN     16043/amavisd (mast
tcp        0      0 localhost.localdo:10025 *:*                     LISTEN     15794/master
tcp        0      0 localhost.localdo:mysql *:*                     LISTEN     4783/mysqld
tcp        0      0 *:smtp                  *:*                     LISTEN     15794/master
tcp6       0      0 *:imaps                 *:*                     LISTEN     13452/couriertcpd
tcp6       0      0 *:pop3s                 *:*                     LISTEN     13517/couriertcpd
tcp6       0      0 *:pop3                  *:*                     LISTEN     13480/couriertcpd
tcp6       0      0 *:imap2                 *:*                     LISTEN     13412/couriertcpd
tcp6       0      0 *:www                   *:*                     LISTEN     4489/apache2
tcp6       0      0 *:ssh                   *:*                     LISTEN     3193/sshd


10 Install Razor, Pyzor And DCC And Configure SpamAssassin

Razor, Pyzor and DCC are spamfilters that use a collaborative filtering network. To install them, run

apt-get install razor pyzor dcc-client

Now we have to tell SpamAssassin to use these three programs. Edit /etc/spamassassin/ and add the following lines to it:

vi /etc/spamassassin/


# dcc

use_dcc 1

dcc_path /usr/bin/dccproc

dcc_add_header 1

dcc_dccifd_path /usr/sbin/dccifd


use_pyzor 1

pyzor_path /usr/bin/pyzor

pyzor_add_header 1


use_razor2 1

razor_config /etc/razor/razor-agent.conf


use_bayes 1

use_bayes_rules 1

bayes_auto_learn 1

Restart amavisd-new afterwards:

/etc/init.d/amavis restart

Falko Timme

About Falko Timme

Falko Timme is an experienced Linux administrator and founder of Timme Hosting, a leading nginx business hosting company in Germany. He is one of the most active authors on HowtoForge since 2005 and one of the core developers of ISPConfig since 2000. He has also contributed to the O'Reilly book "Linux System Administration".

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By: Falko Timme