Using RoundCube Webmail With ISPConfig 3 On Debian Wheezy (Apache2)
This tutorial exists for these OS versions
- Debian 8 (Jessie)
- Debian 7 (Wheezy)
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This guide explains how to install the RoundCube webmail application on a Debian Wheezy server running ISPConfig and Apache2, and how to enable the ISPConfig 3 plugins for RoundCube so that users can perform actions like changing their email passwords from within RoundCube. Roundcube webmail is a browser-based multilingual IMAP client with an application-like user interface; it comes with functions like MIME support, address book, folder manipulation, message searching and spell checking.
I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
This tutorial assumes you are using Apache2 as the web server on your ISPConfig 3 server; this tutorial will not work for nginx. I'm going to install RoundCube from the Debian Wheezy repositories - it is a reasonably recent version (0.7.2.9 vs 0.9.1 (current stable version)).
RoundCube will be configured in such a way that it can be accessed from each vhost over the alias /webmail (e.g. http://www.example.com/webmail).
If you are already using another webmail application like SquirrelMail, make sure you disable it completely or at least the alias /webmail. If you have installed SquirrelMail as a Debian package, you can find the alias in /etc/apache2/conf.d/squirrelmail.conf; either comment out the alias to just disable the /webmail alias or comment out the whole file to disable SquirrelMail completely. Don't forget to restart Apache afterwards.
2 Creating A Remote User In ISPConfig
The ISPConfig 3 plugins for RoundCube work through ISPConfig's remote API. To use this API, we need a remote user. To create such a user, go to System > User Management > Remote Users and click on the Add new user button:
Provide a username and password for the user...
... and enable the following functions:
- Server functions
- Client functions
- Mail user functions
- Mail alias functions
- Mail spamfilter user functions
- Mail spamfilter policy functions
- Mail fetchmail functions
- Mail spamfilter whitelist functions
- Mail spamfilter blacklist functions
- Mail user filter functions
Then click on Save.
3 Installing RoundCube
We can install RoundCube as follows:
apt-get install roundcube roundcube-plugins roundcube-plugins-extra
You will see the following questions:
Configure database for roundcube with dbconfig-common? <-- Yes
Database type to be used by roundcube: <-- mysql
Password of the database's administrative user: <-- yourrootsqlpassword (the password of the MySQL root user)
MySQL application password for roundcube: <-- roundcubesqlpassword
Password confirmation: <-- roundcubesqlpassword
This will create a MySQL database called roundcube with the MySQL user roundcube and the password roundcubesqlpassword.
Next open /etc/apache2/conf.d/roundcube...
... and add the line Alias /webmail /var/lib/roundcube. In addition to that, add the PHP configuration to the <Directory /var/lib/roundcube/> section (I've highlighted the changes):
# Those aliases do not work properly with several hosts on your apache server # Uncomment them to use it or adapt them to your configuration Alias /roundcube/program/js/tiny_mce/ /usr/share/tinymce/www/ Alias /roundcube /var/lib/roundcube Alias /webmail /var/lib/roundcube # Access to tinymce files <Directory "/usr/share/tinymce/www/"> Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks AllowOverride None Order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> <Directory /var/lib/roundcube/> Options +FollowSymLinks DirectoryIndex index.php <IfModule mod_php5.c> AddType application/x-httpd-php .php php_flag magic_quotes_gpc Off php_flag track_vars On php_flag register_globals Off php_value include_path .:/usr/share/php </IfModule> # This is needed to parse /var/lib/roundcube/.htaccess. See its # content before setting AllowOverride to None. AllowOverride All order allow,deny allow from all </Directory> # Protecting basic directories: <Directory /var/lib/roundcube/config> Options -FollowSymLinks AllowOverride None </Directory> <Directory /var/lib/roundcube/temp> Options -FollowSymLinks AllowOverride None Order allow,deny Deny from all </Directory> <Directory /var/lib/roundcube/logs> Options -FollowSymLinks AllowOverride None Order allow,deny Deny from all </Directory>
Restart Apache afterwards:
4 Configuring RoundCube
... and set $rcmail_config['default_host'] = 'localhost'; (or the hostname or IP address of your mail server if it is on a remote machine):
[...] $rcmail_config['default_host'] = 'localhost'; [...]
Otherwise RoundCube will ask for a hostname before each login which might overstrain your users - we want to make usage as easy as possible.
Next install the ISPConfig 3 plugins for RoundCube:
git clone https://github.com/w2c/ispconfig3_roundcube.git
mv ispconfig3_* /var/lib/roundcube/plugins
mv ispconfig3_account/config/config.inc.php.dist ispconfig3_account/config/config.inc.php
... and fill in the login details of your ISPConfig remote user and the URL of the remote API - my ISPConfig installation runs on https://192.168.0.100:8080, so the URL of the remote API is https://192.168.0.100:8080/remote/:
<?php $rcmail_config['identity_limit'] = false; $rcmail_config['remote_soap_user'] = 'roundcube'; $rcmail_config['remote_soap_pass'] = 'Sw0wlytlRt3MY'; $rcmail_config['soap_url'] = 'https://192.168.0.100:8080/remote/'; ?>
Finally open /etc/roundcube/main.inc.php again...
... and enable the jquerui plugin plus the ISPConfig 3 plugins...
[...] // ---------------------------------- // PLUGINS // ---------------------------------- // List of active plugins (in plugins/ directory) //$rcmail_config['plugins'] = array(); $rcmail_config['plugins'] = array("jqueryui", "ispconfig3_account", "ispconfig3_autoreply", "ispconfig3_pass", "ispconfig3_spam", "ispconfig3_fetchmail", "ispconfig3_filter"); [...]
... and change the skin from default to classic (otherwise the ISPConfig 3 plugins will not work):
[...] // skin name: folder from skins/ $rcmail_config['skin'] = 'classic'; [...]
That's it; now you can access RoundCube under the alias /webmail (e.g. www.example.com/webmail). Log in with the email address and password of an email account created through ISPConfig:
This is how RoundCube looks:
Under Settings > Account you can use the ISPconfig 3 plugins for RoundCube to modify your settings, for example...
... you can set a new password for your email account without using ISPConfig:
- RoundCube: http://roundcube.net/
- ISPConfig 3 Plugins for RoundCube: https://github.com/w2c/ispconfig3_roundcube
- ISPConfig: http://www.ispconfig.org/
- Debian: http://www.debian.org/