How to Install the latest OpenSSL version from Source on Linux

OpenSSL is a widely used crypto library that implements SSL and TLS protocols for secure communication over computer networks. Many programs like Apache Web server, PHP, Postfix, and many others use OpenSSL. OpenSSL provides support for various cryptographic algorithms such as ciphers (AES, Blowfish, DES, IDEA etc.), cryptographic hash functions (MD5, MD4, SHA-1, SHA-2, etc.), and public key cryptography (RSA, DSA, Diffie-Hellman key exchange).

In this tutorial, I will show you step by step how to install the latest stable OpenSSL version from source on Ubuntu 22.04 and CentOS 7.6 servers.

What will we do?

  1. Install Dependencies
  2. Download OpenSSL Source Code
  3. Install OpenSSL
    1. Compile and Install OpenSSL
    2. Configure Link Libraries
    3. Configure OpenSSL Binary
  4. Testing

Step 1 - Install Dependencies

Before we can compile the OpenSSL library from source, the first step is to install some package dependencies, including the 'build-essential' package on Ubuntu, or 'Development Tools' package on CentOS.

On Ubuntu

Update the Ubuntu repository and install package dependencies for software compilation using the apt command below.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install build-essential checkinstall zlib1g-dev -y

On CentOS

Install the 'Development Tools' and some packages libraries using the yum command.

yum group install 'Development Tools'
yum install perl-core zlib-devel -y

After the installation is complete, go to the next step.

Step 2 - Download OpenSSL

In this tutorial, we will install the latest stable version of OpenSSL - OpenSSL 3.0.7. You can download the source code from the OpenSSL site.

Go to the '/usr/local/src' directory and download the OpenSSL source code using wget.

cd /usr/local/src/

Now extract the openssl.tar.gz file, and go to the 'openssl' directory.

tar -xf openssl-3.0.7.tar.gz
cd openssl-3.0.7

Download OpenSSL source

The OpenSSL source code has been downloaded.

Step 3 - Install OpenSSL

Before installing the custom OpenSSL version to the system, let's check the installed version using the command below.

openssl version -a

Below is my results on Ubuntu:

Compile OpenSSL on Ubuntu 22.04

We will replace version 3.0.2 with latest stable version OpenSSL 3.0.7.

We will install the new OpenSSL version to the specific directory '/usr/local/ssl', and then enable the Link Libraries of OpenSSL, and configure the new binary PATH for OpenSSL.

Install and Compile OpenSSL

Go to the openssl downloaded directory '/usr/local/src/openssl'.

cd /usr/local/src/openssl-3.0.7

Configure and compile OpenSSL with the commands below.

./config --prefix=/usr/local/ssl --openssldir=/usr/local/ssl shared zlib

make test

Wait for the OpenSSL compile process.

Compiling OpenSSL

make test passed successfully


  • --prefix and --openssldir = Set the output path of the OpenSSL.
  • shared = force to create a shared library.
  • zlib = enable the compression using zlib library.

When the compile process is complete, install the OpenSSL using the command below.

make install

make install

OpenSSL is installed in the '/usr/local/ssl' directory.

Check OpenSSL installation

Next, we will configure the shared libraries for OpenSSL. The new OpenSSL binary will load library files from the '/usr/local/ssl/lib' directory.

Go to the '/etc/' directory and create new configuration file 'openssl-3.0.7.conf'.

cd /etc/
nano openssl-3.0.7.conf

Paste the openssl library path directory.


Save and exit.

Now reload the dynamic link using the command below.

sudo ldconfig -v

And you will see the OpenSSL libraries on the '/usr/local/ssl/lib64' directory has been loaded.


ldconfig on Ubuntu 22.04

Configure OpenSSL Binary

We will replace the default openssl binary '/usr/bin/openssl or /bin/openssl' with the new version '/usr/local/ssl/bin/openssl'.

On Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

Backup the binary files.

mv /usr/bin/c_rehash /usr/bin/c_rehash.bak
mv /usr/bin/openssl /usr/bin/openssl.bak

Edit the '/etc/environment' file using nano.

nano /etc/environment

Now add the new OpenSSL binary directory as below


Configure PATH

Save and exit.

Reload the environment file and test the new updated binary PATH.

source /etc/environment
echo $PATH

Now check the OpenSSL binary file again.

which openssl

You will get the result as below.

Configure OpenSSL Binary on Ubuntu

The binary path of OpenSSL for Ubuntu has been updated.

On CentOS 7.6

Back up the CentOS OpenSSL binary files.

mv /bin/openssl /bin/openssl.bak

Create new environment files for OpenSSL.

vim /etc/profile.d/

Paste the configuration below.

export PATH

Save and exit.

Make the file executable.

chmod +x /etc/profile.d/

Load the OpenSSL environment and check the PATH bin directory using the commands below.

source /etc/profile.d/
echo $PATH

Now check the OpenSSL file.

which openssl

The binary path for OpenSSL on CentOS has been updated.

Step 4 - Testing

Test the new OpenSSL version using the following command.

openssl version -a

The result on Ubuntu.

Latest OpenSSL version on Ubuntu

The latest stable version of OpenSSL has been installed from source on Linux Ubuntu 22.04 and CentOS 7.6.


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