How to Install Nextcloud with Nginx on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
This tutorial exists for these OS versions
- Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa)
- Ubuntu 18.04 (Bionic Beaver)
On this page
- What we will do
- Step 1 - Install Nginx Web server
- Step 2 - Install and Configure PHP7.1-FPM
- Step 3 - Install and Configure MySQL Server
- Step 4 - Generate SSL Letsencrypt
- Step 5 - Download Nextcloud
- Step 6 - Configure Nginx Virtual Host for Nextcloud
- Step 7 - Configure UFW Firewall
- Step 8 - Nextcloud Post-Installation
In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and configure the latest Nextcloud release (at the time of writing this, the latest release is 13.0.2) on an Ubuntu 18.04 server. We will run Nextcloud with a Nginx web server and PHP7.1-FPM and use MySQL server as the database system.
- Ubuntu 18.04
- Root privileges
What we will do
- Install Nginx Web server
- Install and Configure PHP7.1-FPM
- Install and Configure MySQL Server
- Generate SSL Letsencrypt
- Download Nextcloud 13
- Configure Nginx Virtual Host for Nextcloud
- UFW Firewall Configuration
- Nextcloud Post-Installation
Step 1 - Install Nginx Web server
The first step we will do in this nextcloud guide is to install the Nginx web server. We will be using the Nginx web server instead of Apache web server.
Log in to the server and update the repository, then install Nginx web server using the apt command as shown below.
sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx -y
After the installation is complete, start the Nginx service and enable the service to launch every time at system boot using systemctl.
systemctl start nginx
systemctl enable nginx
The Nginx web server has been installed on Ubuntu 18.04. Check it using the netstat or curl command below.
curl -I localhost
The Nginx web server is now running under Ubuntu on standard HTTP port 80.
Step 2 - Install and Configure PHP7.1-FPM
In this tutorial, we will be using the PHP7.1-FPM for nextcloud. We will be using PHP7.1-FPM from the PPA repository, so we need to add new PPA repository to our system.
Install the 'software-properties-common' package and add the 'ondrej PHP' PPA repository by running the following commands.
sudo apt install software-properties-common -y
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php -y
On Ubuntu 18.04, the 'add-apt-repository' command will automatically update the repository.
Now install PHP7.1 and PHP7.1-FPM with all extensions needed using the single apt command below.
sudo apt install php7.1-fpm php7.1-mcrypt php7.1-curl php7.1-cli php7.1-mysql php7.1-gd php7.1-iconv php7.1-xsl php7.1-json php7.1-intl php-pear php-imagick php7.1-dev php7.1-common php7.1-mbstring php7.1-zip php7.1-soap -y
After the installation is complete, we will configure the php.ini files for php-fpm and php-cli.
Go to the '/etc/php/7.1' directory.
Edit the php.ini files for php-fpm and php-cli using vim.
Uncomment the 'date.timezone' line and change the value with your own timezone.
date.timezone = Asia/Jakarta
Uncomment the 'cgi.fix_pathinfo' line and change the value to '0'.
Save and exit.
Next, edit the php-fpm pool configuration 'www.conf'.
Uncomment those lines below.
env[HOSTNAME] = $HOSTNAME env[PATH] = /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin env[TMP] = /tmp env[TMPDIR] = /tmp env[TEMP] = /tmp
Save and exit.
Restart the PHP7.1-FPM service and enable it to launch every time on system boot.
systemctl restart php7.1-fpm
systemctl enable php7.1-fpm
Now check it using the netstat command.
netstat -pl | grep php
And you will get the php-fpm is now running under the sock file '/run/php/php7.1-fpm.sock'.
Step 3 - Install and Configure MySQL Server
In this step, we will install the latest MySQL version and create a new database for the nextcloud installation. The latest version MySQL packages are available on the repository by default.
Install MySQL server latest version using the apt command below.
sudo apt install mysql-server mysql-client -y
After the installation is complete, start the MySQL service and enable it to launch everytime at system boot.
systemctl start mysql
systemctl enable mysql
Now we will configure the MySQL root password using the 'mysql_secure_installation' command.
Run the following command.
At this MySQL 5.8 version, there is a security improvement for the MySQL password policy. You need to choose the password policy - 0 for the LOW policy, 1 for the MEDIUM policy, and 2 for a STRONG password policy.
For this guide, we will be using the 'MEDIUM' password policy, and it's recommended to use the 'STRONG' password policy on the production server.
Choose number '1' and press Enter, then type your new MySQL 'root' password.
Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : Y
And the MySQL root password has been set up.
Next, we will create a new database for nextcloud installation. We will create a new database named 'nextcloud_db' with the user 'nextclouduser' and password '[email protected]'.
Login to the MySQL shell as a root user with mysql command.
mysql -u root -p
TYPE THE MYSQL ROOT PASSWORD
Now create the database and user with the password by running following MySQL queries.
create database nextcloud_db;
create user [email protected] identified by '[email protected]';
grant all privileges on nextcloud_db.* to [email protected] identified by '[email protected]';
And the new database and user for the nextcloud installation has been created.
The MySQL installation and configuration for nextcloud has been completed.
Step 4 - Generate SSL Letsencrypt
In this tutorial, we will secure nextcloud using free SSL from Letsencrypt, and we will generate certificates files using the letsencrypt tool.
If you do not have a domain name or install nextcloud on the local computer, you can generate the Self-Signed certificate using OpenSSL.
Install the 'letsencrypt' tool using the apt command below.
sudo apt install letsencrypt -y
After the installation is complete, stop the nginx service.
systemctl stop nginx
Next, we will generate the SSL certificates for our domain name 'nextcloud.hakase-labs.io' using the cerbot command line. Run the command below.
certbot certonly --standalone -d nextcloud.hakase-labs.io
You will be asked for the email address, and it's used for the renew notification. For the Letsencrypt TOS agreement, type 'A' to agree and for the share email address, you can type 'N' for No.
When it's complete, you will get the result as shown below.
The SSL certificates Letsencrypt for the netxcloud domain name has been generated, all located at the '/etc/letsencrypt/live/domain' directory.
Step 5 - Download Nextcloud
Before downloading the nextcloud source code, make sure the unzip package is installed on the system. If you don't have the package, install it using the apt command below.
sudo apt install wget unzip zip -y
Now go to the '/var/www' directory and download the nextcloud-13.0.2.zip file.
Extract the zip file and you will get the 'nextcloud' directory, then create a new 'data' directory.
mkdir -p nextcloud/data/
Now change the owner of 'nextcloud' directory to the 'www-data' user and group.
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/nextcloud/
Nextcloud has been downloaded under the '/var/www/nextcloud' directory, and it will be the web root directory.
Step 6 - Configure Nginx Virtual Host for Nextcloud
In this step, we will configure the nginx virtual host for nextcloud. We will configure nextcloud to run under the HTTPS connection and will force the HTTP connection automatically to the secure HTTPS connection.
Now go to the '/etc/nginx/sites-available' directory and create a new virtual host file 'nextcloud'.
There, paste the following nextcloud virtual host configuration.
Save and exit.
Enable the virtual host and test the configuration, and make sure there is no error.
ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/nextcloud /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
Now restart PHP7.1-FPM service and nginx service using the systemctl command below.
systemctl restart nginx
systemctl restart php7.1-fpm
The Nginx virtual host configuration for nextcloud has been created.
Step 7 - Configure UFW Firewall
In this tutorial, we will turn on the firewall, and we will be using the UFW firewall for Ubuntu.
Enable the ufw firewall.
Type 'y' and press Enter to start and enable the UFW firewall.
Now add new SSH, HTTP and HTTPS to the UFW firewall list.
ufw allow ssh
ufw allow http
ufw allow https
Check the allowed list port on the UFW firewall using the command below.
And you will get the HTTP port 80 and HTTPS port 443 is on the list.
Step 8 - Nextcloud Post-Installation
Open your web browser and type the nextcloud URL address.
And you will be redirected to the secure HTTPS connection.
On the Top page, we need to create the admin user for nextcloud, type the admin user password. On the 'Data folder' configuration, type the full path of the 'data' directory '/var/www/nextcloud/data'.
Scroll the page to the bottom, and you will get the database configuration. Type the database info that we've created in step 3 and then click the 'Finish Setup' button.
And after the installation is complete, you will get the Nextcloud Dashboard as below.
The Nextcloud 13 installation with Nginx web server and MySQL database on Ubuntu 18.04 has been completed successfully.