There is a new version of this tutorial available for Xubuntu 14.04 LTS (Trusty Tahr).
The Perfect Desktop - Xubuntu 12.04 - Page 2
3 Update The System
Now it's time to check for updates and install them. This is done using the Update Manager. Start it by clicking the red exclamation mark on the top bar and selecting Show updates (or start the Update Manager under System > Update Manager):
The Update Manager tells you which updates are available (you can click on the Check button to refresh the list). Click on Install Updates to install them:
When the update is complete, click on Close (if a new kernel was amongst the updates, a system restart is required to make the changes effective. If this is necessary, you will see a Restart Now button. Click on that button to restart the system.).
The system is now up-to-date.
4 Flash Player And Java
If you have checked the Install this third-party software checkbox during installation Flash Player should already be installed on the system but Java has to be installed manually.
To check this, open Firefox and type about:plugins in the address bar. Firefox will then list all installed plugins, and it should list the Flash Player (version 11.2 r202) plugins among them.
5 Inventory Of What We Have So Far
Now let's browse all menus to see which of our needed applications are already installed (open Dash and click on the second icon at its bottom - The label Installed displays all application already on your system):
You should find the following situation ([x] marks an application that is already installed, whereas [ ] is an application that is missing):
[x] The GIMP
[ ] Shotwell Photo Manager
[ ] Pinta
[ ] FileZilla
[ ] Deluge
[ ] Skype
[ ] Marble
[ ] Dropbox
[ ] Gwibber Social Client
[ ] LibreOffice Writer
[ ] LibreOffice Calc
[ ] Adobe Reader
[ ] GnuCash
[ ] Scribus
Sound & Video:
[ ] Audacity
[ ] Banshee
[ ] dvd::rip
[ ] Kino
[ ] VLC Media Player
[ ] K3B
[ ] Multimedia-Codecs
[ ] Winff
[ ] KompoZer
[ ] Eclipse
[ ] VirtualBox
[ ] TrueType fonts
[ ] Java
[x] Read/Write support for NTFS partitions
[ ] gdebi
[x] Synaptic Package Manager
[ ] gedit
So some applications are already on the system. NTFS read-/write support is enabled by default on Xubuntu 12.04.
6 Configure Additional Repositories
Some packages like the Adobe Reader are not available in the standard Ubuntu repositories. The easiest way to make such packages available to your system is to add the Medibuntu repository.
Again, open a terminal and edit /etc/apt/sources.list...
sudo vi /etc/apt/sources.list
..., enable the precise partner and Ubuntu Extras repositories (if they are not already enabled):
## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's
## 'partner' repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by Canonical and the
## respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu users.
deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu precise partner
deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu precise partner
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by third-party
## developers who want to ship their latest software.
deb http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise main
deb-src http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise main
Then save the file.
To enable the Medibuntu repository, please do the following:
Import the repository:
sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/$(lsb_release -cs).list --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list
Import the gpg-key and update your package-list:
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get update
sudo update-apt-xapian-indexto make Synaptic display packages from third-party repositories.