SAMBA (Domaincontroller) Server For Small Workgroups With Ubuntu 6.10 - Page 3
2 Installing And Configuring The Rest Of The System
Enable root user
Now I can log in with the username administrator and the password I entered above. I will enable the root user first for ease of installation. You can disable it later if you want.
Now we are logged in as root user.
Hint: This step is optional, if you don't want to enable the root user for security reasons, plese run the command
to switch to root without enabling the root user to log in directly.
Configure The Network
Because the Ubuntu installer has configured our system to get its network settings via DHCP, we have to change that now because a server should have a static IP address. Edit /etc/network/interfaces and adjust it to your needs (in this example setup I will use the IP address 192.168.0.100):
# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system # and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5). # The loopback network interface auto lo iface lo inet loopback # This is a list of hotpluggable network interfaces. # They will be activated automatically by the hotplug subsystem. mapping hotplug script grep map eth0 # The primary network interface auto eth0 iface eth0 inet static address 192.168.0.100 netmask 255.255.255.0 network 192.168.0.0 broadcast 192.168.0.255 gateway 192.168.0.1
Then restart your network:
Edit /etc/hosts and add your new IP addresses:
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost server1 192.168.0.100 server1.example.com server1 # The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts ::1 ip6-localhost ip6-loopback fe00::0 ip6-localnet ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix ff02::1 ip6-allnodes ff02::2 ip6-allrouters ff02::3 ip6-allhosts
Setting the Hostname
/bin/hostname -F /etc/hostname
Edit /etc/apt/sources.list And Update Your Linux Installation
Now we edit the file /etc/apt/sources.list to enable the Ubuntu universe repository:
It should look like this:
# # deb cdrom:[Ubuntu-Server 6.10 _Edgy Eft_ - Release i386 (20061025.1)]/ edgy main restricted #deb cdrom:[Ubuntu-Server 6.10 _Edgy Eft_ - Release i386 (20061025.1)]/ edgy main restricted deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ edgy main restricted deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ edgy main restricted ## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the ## distribution. deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ edgy-updates main restricted deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ edgy-updates main restricted ## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'universe' ## repository. ## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu ## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to ## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in ## universe WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu security ## team. deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ edgy universe deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ edgy universe ## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'backports' ## repository. ## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as ## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes ## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features. ## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review ## or updates from the Ubuntu security team. # deb http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ edgy-backports main restricted universe multiverse # deb-src http://de.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ edgy-backports main restricted universe multiverse deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-security main restricted deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-security main restricted deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-security universe deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu edgy-security universe
Now we load the new sources and update our system:
Install SSH Daemon
apt-get install ssh openssh-server
The Next Steps...
Now you can log in to your Server with an SSH Client like PuTTY (http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/). It's easier to follow this howto if you connect to your server with PuTTY and copy and paste the commands. If you want to edit config files on the server, you can use commandline editors like vi, pico or joe or use a program like WinSCP (http://winscp.net/eng/docs/lang:en) to edit the files over your SSH connection in a Windows client.
apt-get install quota
Edit /etc/fstab to look like this (I added ,usrquota,grpquota to the partitions with the mount point /):
# /etc/fstab: static file system information. # # <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass> proc /proc proc defaults 0 0 # /dev/sda1 UUID=226d9304-88ca-44c0-a3e3-d1ad26cfc084 / ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro,usrquota,grpquota 0 1 # /dev/sda5 UUID=d824ce36-04b8-4870-83f4-f1a5037c2de4 none swap sw 0 0 /dev/hdc /media/cdrom0 udf,iso9660 user,noauto 0 0
touch /quota.user /quota.group
chmod 600 /quota.*
mount -o remount /
You will get a error like this when you run the command quotacheck -avugm the first time:
quotacheck: WARNING - Quotafile //quota.user was probably truncated. Cannot save quota settings...
quotacheck: WARNING - Quotafile //quota.group was probably truncated. Cannot save quota settings...
That is normal and nothing to worry about!