The Perfect Setup - Ubuntu 6.06 LTS Server (Dapper Drake) - Page 4

7 Install Some Software

Now we install a few packages that are needed later on. Run

apt-get install binutils cpp cpp-4.0 fetchmail flex gcc gcc-4.0 libarchive-zip-perl libc6-dev libcompress-zlib-perl libdb4.3-dev libpcre3 libpopt-dev linux-kernel-headers lynx m4 make ncftp nmap openssl perl perl-modules unzip zip zlib1g-dev autoconf automake1.9 libtool bison autotools-dev g++

(This command should go into one line!)

8 Quota

To install quota, run

apt-get install quota

Edit /etc/fstab to look like this (I added ,usrquota,grpquota to partition /dev/sda1 (mount point /; your device name might be /dev/hda1 or similar):

vi /etc/fstab
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
/dev/sda1 / ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro,usrquota,grpquota 0 1
/dev/sda5 none swap sw 0 0
/dev/hdc /media/cdrom0 udf,iso9660 user,noauto 0 0
/dev/fd0 /media/floppy0 auto rw,user,noauto 0 0

To enable quota, run these commands:

touch /quota.user /
chmod 600 /quota.*
mount -o remount /
quotacheck -avugm
quotaon -avug

9 DNS Server


apt-get install bind9

For security reasons we want to run BIND chrooted so we have to do the following steps:

/etc/init.d/bind9 stop

Edit the file /etc/default/bind9 so that the daemon will run as the unprivileged user bind, chrooted to /var/lib/named. Modify the line: OPTIONS=" -u bind" so that it reads OPTIONS="-u bind -t /var/lib/named":

vi /etc/default/bind9
OPTIONS="-u bind -t /var/lib/named"
# Set RESOLVCONF=no to not run resolvconf

Create the necessary directories under /var/lib:

mkdir -p /var/lib/named/etc
mkdir /var/lib/named/dev
mkdir -p /var/lib/named/var/cache/bind
mkdir -p /var/lib/named/var/run/bind/run

Then move the config directory from /etc to /var/lib/named/etc:

mv /etc/bind /var/lib/named/etc

Create a symlink to the new config directory from the old location (to avoid problems when bind is upgraded in the future):

ln -s /var/lib/named/etc/bind /etc/bind

Make null and random devices, and fix permissions of the directories:

mknod /var/lib/named/dev/null c 1 3
mknod /var/lib/named/dev/random c 1 8
chmod 666 /var/lib/named/dev/null /var/lib/named/dev/random
chown -R bind:bind /var/lib/named/var/*
chown -R bind:bind /var/lib/named/etc/bind

We need to modify the startup script /etc/init.d/sysklogd of sysklogd so that we can still get important messages logged to the system logs. Modify the line: SYSLOGD="-u syslog" so that it reads: SYSLOGD="-u syslog -a /var/lib/named/dev/log":

vi /etc/init.d/sysklogd
SYSLOGD="-u syslog -a /var/lib/named/dev/log"

Restart the logging daemon:

/etc/init.d/sysklogd restart

Start up BIND, and check /var/log/syslog for errors:

/etc/init.d/bind9 start

10 MySQL

In order to install MySQL, we run

apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client libmysqlclient12-dev

We want MySQL to listen on all interfaces, not just localhost, therefore we edit /etc/mysql/my.cnf and comment out the line bind-address =

vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf
#bind-address =

Then we restart MySQL:

/etc/init.d/mysql restart

Now check that networking is enabled. Run

netstat -tap

In the output you should see a line like this one:

tcp        0      0 *:mysql                 *:*                     LISTEN     4997/mysqld


mysqladmin -u root password yourrootsqlpassword
mysqladmin -h -u root password yourrootsqlpassword

to set a password for the user root (otherwise anybody can access your MySQL database!).

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11 Comment(s)

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By: Anonymous

The libmysqlclient12-dev should be rather libmysqlclient15-dev

By: Anonymous

libmysqlclient12-dev is now libmysqlclient15-dev

By: Anonymous

No matter how closely these directions are followed, I've been unable to keep mysql happy. After performing the line:

mysqladmin -u -u root password yourrootsqlpassword

After doing that I always get the error:

mysqladmin: connect to server at 'localhost' failed

error: 'Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)'

I'm thinking a step or two might not have made it into this write up.

By: admin

The Howto is complete.

 Replace "" in the command with the hostanme you entered during setup.

By: rainer

its not enough to edit /etc/hosts as described before

you also have to edit /etc/hostanme 

vi /etc/hostname

instead of:


there should be:

By: Anonymous

"mysqladmin -u -u root password yourrootsqlpassword"

try to change the first "-u" (user) for a "-h" (host)! :p


By: n3m3s1s4u

Start up BIND, and check /var/log/syslog for errors: Well the only thing that was picked up on my end was a reference to /var/cache/bind (file or directory not found) but otherwise everything has gone through fine do i need to worry about this?

By: antoinel12

I'm unable to execute this command:

mysqladmin -h -u root password yourrootsqlpassword

I use a dyndns dommain name... It tell me that their is no response. Is it a port that I should open on my routher or something else? 


Submitted by Anonymous on Fri, 2006-05-26 02:18.
mysqladmin -h -u root -p password yourrootsqlpassword

Newbie (me) struggled with that one for a short while.


One thing seems to have changed or has been left out: I noticed during ISPConfig installation, that during php compilation it requires g++ to be installed. So maybe add g++ or even build-essentials to the big list of packets that are installed at the top.

Btw, this is really great howto, thank you for your time to write this excellent guide.

By: admin

It wasn't left out. At the time the tutorial was written ISPConfig didn't need g++. This has changed with the newest ISPConfig version (2.2.8) which was released a few days ago.