The Perfect Server - CentOS 6.0 x86_64 [ISPConfig 2] - Page 5

12 Apache2 With PHP, Ruby, Python, WebDAV

Now we install Apache with PHP (this is PHP 5.3.2):

yum install php php-devel php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-mysql php-odbc php-pear php-xml php-xmlrpc curl curl-devel perl-libwww-perl ImageMagick libxml2 libxml2-devel

Then edit /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf:

vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

and change DirectoryIndex to

DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.shtml index.cgi index.php index.php3

Now configure your system to start Apache at boot time:

chkconfig --levels 235 httpd on

Start Apache:

/etc/init.d/httpd start


12.1 Disable PHP Globally

(If you do not plan to install ISPConfig on this server, please skip this section!)

In ISPConfig you will configure PHP on a per-website basis, i.e. you can specify which website can run PHP scripts and which one cannot. This can only work if PHP is disabled globally because otherwise all websites would be able to run PHP scripts, no matter what you specify in ISPConfig.

To disable PHP globally, we edit /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf and comment out the AddHandler and AddType lines:

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf

# PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language which attempts to make it
# easy for developers to write dynamically generated webpages.
<IfModule prefork.c>
  LoadModule php5_module modules/
<IfModule worker.c>
  LoadModule php5_module modules/

# Cause the PHP interpreter to handle files with a .php extension.
#AddHandler php5-script .php
#AddType text/html .php

# Add index.php to the list of files that will be served as directory
# indexes.
DirectoryIndex index.php

# Uncomment the following line to allow PHP to pretty-print .phps
# files as PHP source code:
#AddType application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

Afterwards we restart Apache:

/etc/init.d/httpd restart


12.2 Installing mod_ruby

For CentOS 6.0, there's no mod_ruby package available, so we must compile it ourselves. First we install some prerequisites:

yum install httpd-devel ruby ruby-devel

Next we download and install mod_ruby as follows:

cd /tmp
tar zxvf mod_ruby-1.3.0.tar.gz
cd mod_ruby-1.3.0/
./configure.rb --with-apr-includes=/usr/include/apr-1
make install

Finally we must add the mod_ruby module to the Apache configuration, so we create the file /etc/httpd/conf.d/ruby.conf...

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/ruby.conf

LoadModule ruby_module modules/
RubyAddPath /1.8

... and restart Apache:

/etc/init.d/httpd restart

(If you leave out the RubyAddPath /1.8 directive, you will see errors like the following ones in Apache's error log when you call Ruby files:

[Thu May 26 02:05:05 2011] [error] mod_ruby: ruby:0:in `require': no such file to load -- apache/ruby-run (LoadError)
[Thu May 26 02:05:05 2011] [error] mod_ruby: failed to require apache/ruby-run
[Thu May 26 02:05:05 2011] [error] mod_ruby: error in ruby



12.3 Installing mod_python

The mod_python package is available from the EPEL repositories which we can enable as follows:

rpm --import
rpm -ivh epel-release-6-5.noarch.rpm

yum install yum-priorities

Edit /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo...

vi /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo

... and add the line priority=10 to the [epel] section:

name=Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 6 - $basearch

To install mod_python, we simply run...

yum install mod_python

... and restart Apache afterwards:

/etc/init.d/httpd restart


12.4 WebDAV

WebDAV should already be enabled, but to check this, open /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf and make sure that the following three modules are active:

vi /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/
LoadModule dav_module modules/
LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/

If you have to modify /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf, don't forget to restart Apache afterwards:

/etc/init.d/httpd restart


13 ProFTPd

ISPConfig has better support for proftpd than vsftpd, so let's remove vsftpd:

yum remove vsftpd

We can now install ProFTPd from the EPEL repository as follows:

yum install proftpd

For security reasons you can also add the following line to /etc/proftpd.conf (thanks to Reinaldo Carvalho; more information can be found here:

vi /etc/proftpd.conf

IdentLookups off

Now we can create the system startup links for ProFTPd:

chkconfig --levels 235 proftpd on

And finally we start Proftpd:

/etc/init.d/proftpd start


14 Webalizer

To install webalizer, just run

yum install webalizer


15 Synchronize The System Clock

If you want to have the system clock synchronized with an NTP server do the following:

yum install ntp

chkconfig --levels 235 ntpd on
/etc/init.d/ntpd start


16 Install Some Perl Modules

ISPConfig comes with SpamAssassin which needs a few Perl modules to work. We install the required Perl modules with a single command:

yum install perl-HTML-Parser perl-DBI perl-Net-DNS perl-Digest-SHA1 perl-Archive-Tar perl-NetAddr-IP


17 The End

The configuration of the server is now finished. You can now install ISPConfig on it, following these instructions:

Before you install ISPConfig, there's one important thing you must do. Open /usr/include/stdio.h and replace getline with parseline in line 673:

vim /usr/include/stdio.h

/* Like `getdelim', but reads up to a newline.

   This function is not part of POSIX and therefore no official
   cancellation point.  But due to similarity with an POSIX interface
   or due to the implementation it is a cancellation point and
   therefore not marked with __THROW.  */
extern _IO_ssize_t parseline (char **__restrict __lineptr,
                            size_t *__restrict __n,
                            FILE *__restrict __stream) __wur;

If you don't do this, the installation will fail because of the following error:

htpasswd.c:101: error: conflicting types for âgetlineâ
/usr/include/stdio.h:673: note: previous declaration of âgetlineâ was here
make[2]: *** [htpasswd.o] Error 1
make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/install_ispconfig/compile_aps/apache_1.3.41/src/support'
make[1]: *** [build-support] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/install_ispconfig/compile_aps/apache_1.3.41'
make: *** [build] Error 2
ERROR: Could not make Apache

You can undo the change to /usr/include/stdio.h after the successful ISPConfig installation (but don't forget to change it back whenever you want to update ISPConfig!).


17.1 A Note On SuExec

If you want to run CGI scripts under suExec, you should specify /var/www as the home directory for websites created by ISPConfig as CentOS' suExec is compiled with /var/www as Doc_Root. Run

/usr/sbin/suexec -V

and the output should look like this:

[root@server1 ~]# /usr/sbin/suexec -V
 -D AP_DOC_ROOT="/var/www"
 -D AP_GID_MIN=100
 -D AP_HTTPD_USER="apache"
 -D AP_LOG_EXEC="/var/log/httpd/suexec.log"
 -D AP_SAFE_PATH="/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin"
 -D AP_UID_MIN=500
 -D AP_USERDIR_SUFFIX="public_html"
[root@server1 ~]#

So if you want to use suExec with ISPconfig, don't change the default web root (which is /var/www) if you use expert mode during the ISPConfig installation (in standard mode you can't change the web root anyway so you'll be able to use suExec in any case).


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From: Eduardo Bergavera at: 2011-09-12 21:24:06

Hi Falko,

 First off, I would like to commend you on consistently providing the community an easy to follow, step-by-step tutorial on Linux.

Just a clarification with regards to configuring network interface. I observed that during installation you have configured the network already (eth0) and other information. Is it necessary to do this again right after the installation as what you did in this page?




From: greig at: 2011-11-21 02:37:54

hi and thank you for this tutorial, i couldn't do it without it. 

 i am installing on a vps and have two ethernet controllers listed - eth0 and eth1.  after setup i run ifconfig and neither of eth0 or eth1 show.  Am I missing a virtual ethernet manager package or something?


From: sesso at: 2011-10-13 16:30:54

Used the perl line from the Debian instructions. Seems to be missing perl modules.

From: Edilson Hipolito da Silva at: 2011-10-24 11:05:51
From: Anonymous at: 2011-11-07 23:01:40

Is you have problems installing modruby, change address to : wget

From: complex at: 2012-12-02 16:44:12

Thanks for the directions!

As of 12/2012, here's an updated link for mod_python package; 6-5 link didn't work for me: