Monitoring Network Latency With Smokeping (Ubuntu 9.04)
Author: Falko Timme
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This guide shows how to install and configure Smokeping on Ubuntu 9.04 to monitor network latency. From the Smokeping web site: "SmokePing is a deluxe latency measurement tool. It can measure, store and display latency, latency distribution and packet loss. SmokePing uses RRDtool to maintain a longterm data-store and to draw pretty graphs, giving up to the minute information on the state of each network connection."
This document comes without warranty of any kind! I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
I have tested this on an Ubuntu 9.04 system. I will use the hostname www.example.com for this system in this tutorial. We need a web server on the system to display the graphs. I will install Apache2 and use Apache's default vhost for hosting the graphs. If you use a different vhost, you might have to adjust its settings or copy the smokeping.cgi script from /usr/lib/cgi-bin/smokeping.cgi to the appropriate location.
I'm running all the steps in this tutorial with root privileges, so make sure you're logged in as root:
2 Installing Smokeping
To install Smokeping along with some other recommended packages, we simply run:
aptitude install smokeping curl libauthen-radius-perl libnet-ldap-perl libnet-dns-perl libio-socket-ssl-perl libnet-telnet-perl libsocket6-perl libio-socket-inet6-perl apache2
3 Configuring Smokeping
The Smokeping configuration is in the file /etc/smokeping/config. This file just includes some other files from the /etc/smokeping/config.d directory so we have to modify these files. First we modify /etc/smokeping/config.d/General. In this file, you find some email settings and the URL of the Smokeping web interface. Change them like this:
*** General *** @include /etc/smokeping/config.d/pathnames # Please edit this to suit your installation owner = Falko Timme contact = [email protected] cgiurl = http://www.example.com/cgi-bin/smokeping.cgi mailhost = smtp.example.com # specify this to get syslog logging syslogfacility = local0 # each probe is now run in its own process # disable this to revert to the old behaviour # concurrentprobes = no
(Make sure that mailhost contains the primary MX for your email domain!)
Open /etc/smokeping/config.d/Alerts and set the correct to and from addresses for emails sent by Smokeping:
*** Alerts *** to = [email protected] from = [email protected] [...]
Next open /etc/smokeping/config.d/Targets. In this file, you find the remark line. Modify it to your likings:
[...] remark = Welcome to the SmokePing website of 'Example Company' [...]
3.1 Basic Example
We will now do a basic configuration to measure the network latency to certain servers in various countries (e.g. Germany, UK, USA). In this example, I'm going to test the network connection to the servers www.heise.de (Germany), bbc.co.uk (UK), and web.mit.edu (USA). You should choose different servers to avoid a DOS!
Open /etc/smokeping/config.d/Targets again:
At the end of this file, you should see this:
[...] + Local menu = Local title = Local Network ++ LocalMachine menu = Local Machine title = This host host = localhost
Add the following lines to the file:
[...] + World menu = World title = World ++ Europe menu = Europe title =European Connectivity +++ Germany menu = Germany title = German Connectivity alerts = bigloss,someloss,startloss ++++ Heise menu = Heise title = Heise host = www.heise.de +++ UK menu = United Kingdom title = United Kingdom ++++ BBC menu = BBC title = BBC host = bbc.co.uk ++ USA menu = North America title =North American Connectivity +++ MIT menu = MIT title = Massachusetts Institute of Technology Webserver host = web.mit.edu
Save your changes and restart Smokeping:
Smokeping will now probe the servers by pinging them (by using /usr/bin/fping) - this is the default test.
Now open a web browser and go to http://www.example.com/cgi-bin/smokeping.cgi. This is the start page:
After a few minutes you should see the first graphs. This is how the latency of localhost looks (which is configured by default in /etc/smokeping/config.d/Targets unless you changed that):
In the menu on the left side we can now go to the countries/servers that we configured earlier and take a look at their graphs: