Installing Lighttpd With PHP5 And MySQL Support On CentOS 5.6
Author: Falko Timme
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Lighttpd is a secure, fast, standards-compliant web server designed for speed-critical environments. This tutorial shows how you can install Lighttpd on a CentOS 5.6 server with PHP5 support (through FastCGI) and MySQL support.
I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
In this tutorial I use the hostname server1.example.com with the IP address 192.168.0.100. These settings might differ for you, so you have to replace them where appropriate.
2 Installing MySQL 5.0
First we install MySQL 5.0 like this:
yum install mysql mysql-server
Then we create the system startup links for MySQL (so that MySQL starts automatically whenever the system boots) and start the MySQL server:
chkconfig --levels 235 mysqld on
Set passwords for the MySQL root account:
[root@server1 ~]# mysql_secure_installation
NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL
SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!
In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user. If you've just installed MySQL, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.
Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...
Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL
root user without the proper authorisation.
Set root password? [Y/n] <-- ENTER
New password: <-- yourrootsqlpassword
Re-enter new password: <-- yourrootsqlpassword
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for
them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] <-- ENTER
Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] <-- ENTER
By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] <-- ENTER
- Dropping test database...
- Removing privileges on test database...
Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] <-- ENTER
All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure.
Thanks for using MySQL!
3 Installing Lighttpd
Lighttpd is not available from the official CentOS 5.6 repositories, but from the RPMforge repositories (see http://dag.wieers.com/rpm/FAQ.php#B2 for instructions). We install the RPMforge package for RHEL 5 which works for CentOS 5.6 as well:
If you are on an x86_64 system:
rpm -Uhv rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.x86_64.rpm
If you are on an i386 system:
rpm -Uhv rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.i386.rpm
Afterwards, we can install Lighttpd like this:
yum install lighttpd
Then we create the system startup links for Lighttpd (so that Lighttpd starts automatically whenever the system boots) and start it:
chkconfig --levels 235 lighttpd on
If Lighttpd fails to start with the following error message...
(network.c.203) socket failed: Address family not supported by protocol
... open /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf...
... and change server.use-ipv6 from enable to disable:
[...] ## ## Use IPv6? ## server.use-ipv6 = "disable" [...]
Then try to start Lighttpd again - it should now work without any problem:
Now direct your browser to http://192.168.0.100, and you should see the following page:
Lighttpd's default document root is /srv/www/lighttpd on CentOS 5.6 (there's no index file in that directory like index.html, that's why you get a 404 Not Found error), and the configuration file is /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf.
4 Installing PHP5
We can make PHP5 work in Lighttpd through FastCGI. Therefore we install the packages lighttpd-fastcgi and php-cli:
yum install lighttpd-fastcgi php-cli