How To Migrate Mailboxes Between IMAP Servers With imapcopy
Author: Falko Timme
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This guide explains how you can migrate mailboxes between IMAP servers with imapcopy. imapcopy lets you copy recursively all email messages and folders from one imap account to another. It supports the protocols imap and imaps.
I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
I'm using two Debian or Ubuntu servers here (the procedure should be the same for other distributions, only the installation of Java - which is required by imapcopy - will differ):
- server1.example.com (source)
- server2.example.com (target)
I want to migrate the mailbox firstname.lastname@example.org (username: email@example.com, password: secret) on server1.example.com to the mailbox firstname.lastname@example.org on server2.example.com (username and password are the same as on server1.example.com).
A note for Ubuntu users:
Because we must run all the steps from this tutorial with root privileges, we can either prepend all commands in this tutorial with the string sudo, or we become root right now by typing
2 Before We Start
Before we start, let's take a look at both mailboxes to see what's in them (you can do this with an email client such as Outlook, Thunderbird, or a web-based email client such as SquirrelMail - I'm using SquirrelMail here).
After the migration, the three messages on server1.example.com should be available on server2.example.com.
3 imapcopy Installation
It doesn't matter if we install imapcopy on server1.example.com or server2.example.com - we can even install it on a third, uninvolved server.
Java is needed by imapcopy, so we install the package openjdk-6-jre now. In addition, make sure that unzip is installed so that we can uncompress the imapcopy package:
apt-get install openjdk-6-jre unzip
Next we download and install imapcopy in the /usr/local/imapcopy/ directory as follows:
Now we have to make the /usr/local/imapcopy/imapCopy.sh script executable:
chmod +x /usr/local/imapcopy/imapCopy.sh
4 Doing The Migration
imapcopy usage is as follows:
/usr/local/imapcopy/imapCopy.sh protocol://user[:password]@server[:port] protocol://user[:password]@server[:port]
Protocols can be imap or imaps.
If usernames are email addresses, replace @ with %40. So the command to copy email messages from email@example.com on server1.example.com to firstname.lastname@example.org on server2.example.com is:
/usr/local/imapcopy/imapCopy.sh imap://sales%40example.com:email@example.com imap://sales%40example.com:firstname.lastname@example.org
Here's a sample output:
root@server1:/usr/local/imapcopy# /usr/local/imapcopy/imapCopy.sh imap://sales%40example.com:email@example.com imap://sales%40example.com:firstname.lastname@example.org
2011-09-30 13:28:27,751 INFO ImapCopier - Starting
2011-09-30 13:28:27,751 DEBUG ImapCopier - Parameters length:2
2011-09-30 13:28:27,751 DEBUG ImapCopier - opening conections
2011-09-30 13:28:27,751 DEBUG ImapCopier - opening imap conection to server1.example.com
2011-09-30 13:28:28,737 DEBUG ImapCopier - opening imap conection to server2.example.com
2011-09-30 13:28:28,998 DEBUG ImapCopier - Creating target Folder: Drafts
2011-09-30 13:28:29,030 DEBUG ImapCopier - Copying 0 messages from Drafts Folder
2011-09-30 13:28:29,033 DEBUG ImapCopier - Creating target Folder: Junk
2011-09-30 13:28:29,058 DEBUG ImapCopier - Copying 0 messages from Junk Folder
2011-09-30 13:28:29,059 DEBUG ImapCopier - Creating target Folder: Trash
2011-09-30 13:28:29,061 DEBUG ImapCopier - Copying 0 messages from Trash Folder
2011-09-30 13:28:29,061 DEBUG ImapCopier - Creating target Folder: Sent
2011-09-30 13:28:29,120 DEBUG ImapCopier - Copying 0 messages from Sent Folder
2011-09-30 13:28:29,527 DEBUG ImapCopier - Copying 3 messages from INBOX Folder
On the target server (server2.example.com), you should now see the messages from server1.example.com:
- imapcopy: http://code.google.com/p/imapcopy/