How to Install Anaconda Python Distribution on Debian 10

Anaconda is an open-source distribution of the Python and R programming languages that can be used to simplify package management and deployment. Anaconda is the most popular Python data science distribution and leading in open source innovation for machine learning. Anaconda provides more than 1,500 packages that are suitable for Windows, Linux, and MacOS. It is specially designed for large-scale data processing, scientific computing and predictive analytics.

In this tutorial, we will learn how to install the Anaconda Python Distribution on Debian 10. We will also learn how to create a new environment with a specific Python version, update the Anaconda and uninstall the Anaconda.

Requirements

  • A server running Debian 10.
  • A root password is set up to your server.

Getting Started

Before starting, you will need to update your system with the latest version. You can do this by running the following command:

apt-get update -y
apt-get upgrade -y

Once your server is updated, restart your server to apply the changes.

Download Anaconda

By default, Anaconda is not available in the package repository of Debian 10. So, you will need to download it from the official website of Anaconda Python.

You can download the Anaconda installer script with the following command:

wget https://repo.anaconda.com/archive/Anaconda3-2019.03-Linux-x86_64.sh

Once the download is completed, you will need to verify the integrity of the installer using SHA-256 checksum:

Run the following command to verify it:

sha256sum Anaconda3-2019.03-Linux-x86_64.sh

You should get the following output:

45c851b7497cc14d5ca060064394569f724b67d9b5f98a926ed49b834a6bb73a  Anaconda3-2019.03-Linux-x86_64.sh

Next, open your web browser and visit the Anaconda Page for your appropriate Anaconda version. You should see the following page:

Download Anaconda

Now, verify the hash printed from the command above matches the one available in the above page. If the hash matches on this page, you can proceed to the next step.

Install Anaconda

Now, start the Anaconda installation by running the following script:

bash Anaconda3-2019.03-Linux-x86_64.sh

You should see the welcome screen and term of license screen:

Welcome to Anaconda3 2019.03

In order to continue the installation process, please review the license
agreement.
Please, press ENTER to continue
>>> 
===================================

Do you accept the license terms? [yes|no]
>>> yes

Type yes and hit Enter to accept the license. You should see the following output:

Anaconda3 will now be installed into this location:
/root/anaconda3

  - Press ENTER to confirm the location
  - Press CTRL-C to abort the installation
  - Or specify a different location below

[/root/anaconda3] >>> 

Now, specify the location of Anaconda or hit Enter to proceed with the default location. You should see the following output:

installing: statsmodels-0.9.0-py37h035aef0_0 ...
installing: seaborn-0.9.0-py37_0 ...
installing: anaconda-2019.03-py37_0 ...
installation finished.
Do you wish the installer to initialize Anaconda3
by running conda init? [yes|no]
[no] >>> yes

Type Yes to initialize Anaconda3. You should see the following output:

==> For changes to take effect, close and re-open your current shell. <==

If you'd prefer that conda's base environment not be activated on startup, 
   set the auto_activate_base parameter to false: 

conda config --set auto_activate_base false

Thank you for installing Anaconda3!

===========================================================================

Anaconda and JetBrains are working together to bring you Anaconda-powered
environments tightly integrated in the PyCharm IDE.

PyCharm for Anaconda is available at:
https://www.anaconda.com/pycharm

Now, activate the Anaconda installation with the following command:

source ~/.bashrc

You should see the following output:

(base) [email protected]:~# 

Check Anaconda Installation

Anaconda is now installed on your system. You can check the information of current Anaconda with the following command:

(base) [email protected]:~# conda info

You should get the following output:

     active environment : base
    active env location : /root/anaconda3
            shell level : 1
       user config file : /root/.condarc
 populated config files : 
          conda version : 4.6.11
    conda-build version : 3.17.8
         python version : 3.7.3.final.0
       base environment : /root/anaconda3  (writable)
           channel URLs : https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/main/linux-64
                          https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/main/noarch
                          https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/free/linux-64
                          https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/free/noarch
                          https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/r/linux-64
                          https://repo.anaconda.com/pkgs/r/noarch
          package cache : /root/anaconda3/pkgs
                          /root/.conda/pkgs
       envs directories : /root/anaconda3/envs
                          /root/.conda/envs
               platform : linux-64
             user-agent : conda/4.6.11 requests/2.21.0 CPython/3.7.3 Linux/4.19.0-5-amd64 debian/10 glibc/2.28
                UID:GID : 0:0
             netrc file : None
           offline mode : False

You can also list the packages available with Anaconda with the following command:

(base) [email protected]:~# conda list

You should see the following output:

# packages in environment at /root/anaconda3:
#
# Name                    Version                   Build  Channel
_ipyw_jlab_nb_ext_conf    0.1.0                    py37_0  
alabaster                 0.7.12                   py37_0  
anaconda                  2019.03                  py37_0  
anaconda-client           1.7.2                    py37_0  
anaconda-navigator        1.9.7                    py37_0  
anaconda-project          0.8.2                    py37_0  
asn1crypto                0.24.0                   py37_0  
astroid                   2.2.5                    py37_0  
astropy                   3.1.2            py37h7b6447c_0  

Update Anaconda

It is recommended to update the Anaconda package to the latest version. If you want to update the Anaconda, first you will need to update the conda utility:

(base) [email protected]:~# conda update conda

You should see the following output:

Collecting package metadata: done
Solving environment: done

## Package Plan ##

  environment location: /root/anaconda3

  added / updated specs:
    - conda


The following packages will be downloaded:

    package                    |            build
    ---------------------------|-----------------
    conda-4.7.11               |           py37_0         3.0 MB
    conda-package-handling-1.3.11|           py37_0         260 KB
    ------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Total:         3.2 MB

The following NEW packages will be INSTALLED:

  _libgcc_mutex      pkgs/main/linux-64::_libgcc_mutex-0.1-main
  conda-package-han~ pkgs/main/linux-64::conda-package-handling-1.3.11-py37_0

The following packages will be UPDATED:

  conda                                       4.6.11-py37_0 --> 4.7.11-py37_0


Proceed ([y]/n)? y

Type y and hit Enter to update the conda. Once the conda is updated, run the following command to update the Anaconda distribution

(base) [email protected]:~# conda update anaconda

Type yes and hit Enter when prompted to update the Anaconda.

Configure Anaconda Environments

With Anaconda environment, you can easily organize projects based on Python versions and packages. You can use a different version of Python for each project.

You can search the available Python versions you can use with the following command:

(base) [email protected]:~# conda search "^python$"

You should see a list of different Python versions including both Python 2 and Python 3 versions.

Let's start to create a new environment named test_env for Python 3:

(base) [email protected]:~# conda create --name test_env python=3

This command will download all the packages for the virtual environment and alert you once finished.

Next, activate your environment with the following command:

(base) [email protected]:~# conda activate test_env

You should get the following environment:

(test_env) [email protected]:~# 

Now, verify your Python version with the following command:

(test_env) [email protected]:~# python --version

You should see the following output:

Python 3.7.4

Now, deactivate from your Anaconda environment with the following command:

(test_env) [email protected]:~# conda deactivate

Next, create a new environment named test_env36 for Python 3.6 with the following command:

(base) [email protected]:~# conda create -n test_env36 python=3.6

Next, activate your environment with the following command:

(base) [email protected]:~# conda activate test_env36

You should get the following environment:

(test_env36) [email protected]:~# 

You can list all your environment with the following command:

(test_env36) [email protected]:~# conda info --envs

You should see the following output:

# conda environments:
#
base                     /root/anaconda3
test_env                 /root/anaconda3/envs/test_env
test_env36            *  /root/anaconda3/envs/test_env36

Next, deactivate for your environment with the following command:

(test_env36) [email protected]:~# conda deactivate

If you want to remove your Anaconda environment, run the following command:

conda env remove -n test_env
conda env remove -n test_env36

Uninstall Anaconda

You can uninstall Anaconda with all the configuration files using the anaconda-clean module. First, install anaconda-clean module with the following command:

conda install anaconda-clean

Type yes and hit Enter to complete the installation. Next, run the following command to uninstall Anaconda from your system:

Anaconda-clean

Type yes and hit Enter to uninstall Anaconda. This command will also create a new backup directory .anaconda_backup in your home directory.

After uninstalling Anaconda, you will also need to remove the Anaconda root directory. You can delete it with the following command:

rm -rf ~/anaconda3

Next, open the .bashrc file and delete the Anaconda PATH variable line:

nano ~/.bashrc

Remove the following lines:

# added by Anaconda3 installer
export PATH="/root/anaconda3/bin:$PATH"

Save and close the file when you are finished.

Conclusion

Congratulations! you have successfully installed Anaconda Python on Debian 10. I hope you can now easily create new Python project and manage data in large-scale and scientific computing. For more information, you can visit the Anaconda official documentation at Anaconda Doc

Share this page:

Suggested articles

0 Comment(s)

Add comment