High-Availability Storage With GlusterFS On CentOS 5.4 - Automatic File Replication (Mirror) Across Two Storage Servers
Author: Falko Timme
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Last edited 02/22/2010
This tutorial shows how to set up a high-availability storage with two storage servers (CentOS 5.4) that use GlusterFS. Each storage server will be a mirror of the other storage server, and files will be replicated automatically across both storage servers. The client system (CentOS 5.4 as well) will be able to access the storage as if it was a local filesystem. GlusterFS is a clustered file-system capable of scaling to several peta-bytes. It aggregates various storage bricks over Infiniband RDMA or TCP/IP interconnect into one large parallel network file system. Storage bricks can be made of any commodity hardware such as x86_64 servers with SATA-II RAID and Infiniband HBA.
I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
In this tutorial I use three systems, two servers and a client:
- server1.example.com: IP address 192.168.0.100 (server)
- server2.example.com: IP address 192.168.0.101 (server)
- client1.example.com: IP address 192.168.0.102 (client)
All three systems should be able to resolve the other systems' hostnames. If this cannot be done through DNS, you should edit the /etc/hosts file so that it contains the following lines on all three systems:
[...] 192.168.0.100 server1.example.com server1 192.168.0.101 server2.example.com server2 192.168.0.102 client1.example.com client1 [...]
(It is also possible to use IP addresses instead of hostnames in the following setup. If you prefer to use IP addresses, you don't have to care about whether the hostnames can be resolved or not.)
2 Setting Up The GlusterFS Servers
GlusterFS isn't available as a package for CentOS 5.4, therefore we have to build it ourselves. First we install the prerequisites:
yum groupinstall 'Development Tools'
yum groupinstall 'Development Libraries'
yum install libibverbs-devel fuse-devel
Then we download the latest GlusterFS release from http://www.gluster.org/download.php and build it as follows:
tar xvfz glusterfs-2.0.9.tar.gz
At the end of the ./configure command, you should see something like this:
GlusterFS configure summary
FUSE client : yes
Infiniband verbs : yes
epoll IO multiplex : yes
Berkeley-DB : yes
libglusterfsclient : yes
argp-standalone : no
make && make install
Check the GlusterFS version afterwards (should be 2.0.9):
[root@server1 glusterfs-2.0.9]# glusterfs --version
glusterfs 2.0.9 built on Mar 1 2010 15:34:50
Repository revision: v2.0.9
Copyright (c) 2006-2009 Gluster Inc. <http://www.gluster.com>
GlusterFS comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
You may redistribute copies of GlusterFS under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
Next we create a few directories:
Now we create the GlusterFS server configuration file /etc/glusterfs/glusterfsd.vol which defines which directory will be exported (/data/export) and what client is allowed to connect (192.168.0.102 = client1.example.com):
volume posix type storage/posix option directory /data/export end-volume volume locks type features/locks subvolumes posix end-volume volume brick type performance/io-threads option thread-count 8 subvolumes locks end-volume volume server type protocol/server option transport-type tcp option auth.addr.brick.allow 192.168.0.102 subvolumes brick end-volume
Please note that it is possible to use wildcards for the IP addresses (like 192.168.*) and that you can specify multiple IP addresses separated by comma (e.g. 192.168.0.102,192.168.0.103).
Afterwards we create the following symlink...
ln -s /usr/local/sbin/glusterfsd /sbin/glusterfsd
... and then the system startup links for the GlusterFS server and start it:
chkconfig --levels 35 glusterfsd on