High-Availability Storage Cluster With GlusterFS On Ubuntu - Page 2

4. Clients configuration

In these example files, I will use the following hosts:

server1 : 192.168.0.1
server2 : 192.168.0.2
server3 : 192.168.0.3
server4 : 192.168.0.4
[...]

Now we edit the client configuration file ON ALL SERVERS (because servers are clients as well in this howto):

vi /etc/glusterfs/glusterfs-client.vol

2 servers configuration (sort of RAID1)

### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server1
volume brick1
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 192.168.0.1    # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server2
volume brick2
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 192.168.0.2      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### The file index on server1
volume brick1-ns
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 192.168.0.1    # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick-ns        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### The file index on server2
volume brick2-ns
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 192.168.0.2      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick-ns        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
#The replicated volume with data
volume afr1
 type cluster/afr
 subvolumes brick1 brick2
end-volume
 
#The replicated volume with indexes
volume afr-ns
 type cluster/afr
 subvolumes brick1-ns brick2-ns
end-volume
 
#The unification of all afr volumes (used for > 2 servers)
volume unify
  type cluster/unify
  option scheduler rr # round robin
  option namespace afr-ns
  subvolumes afr1
end-volume

4 servers configuration (sort of RAID10)

### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server1
volume brick1
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 192.168.0.1    # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server2
volume brick2
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 192.168.0.2      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server3
volume brick3
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 192.168.0.3      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server4
volume brick4
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 192.168.0.4      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server1
volume brick1-ns
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 192.168.0.1    # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick-ns        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server2
volume brick2-ns
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 192.168.0.2      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick-ns        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
volume afr1
 type cluster/afr
 subvolumes brick1 brick4
end-volume
 
volume afr2
 type cluster/afr
 subvolumes brick2 brick3
end-volume
 
volume afr-ns
 type cluster/afr
 subvolumes brick1-ns brick2-ns
end-volume
 
volume unify
  type cluster/unify
  option scheduler rr # round robin
  option namespace afr-ns
  subvolumes afr1 afr2
end-volume

So on and so forth... For configuration over 4 servers, simply add brick volumes 2 by two, replicate them and dont forget to put them in the "unify" volume.

Now mount the GlusterFS on all servers in the cluster:

glusterfs -f /etc/glusterfs/glusterfs-client.vol /mnt/glusterfs

 

5. Testing

Once you mounted the GlusterFS to /mnt/glusterfs you can start copying files and see what is happening. Below are my tests on 4 servers. Everything works as it should, files in /data/export only show in 2 out of 4 server and everything is there under /mnt/glusterfs and /data/export-ns:

server 1 (ls -la /data/export)
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 215663 2007-09-14 14:14 6-instructions2.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   2256 2008-12-18 11:54 budget.ods
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc  21281 2009-02-18 16:45 cv_nouveau.docx
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  13308 2009-01-26 10:49 cv.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 196375 2008-04-02 18:48 odometre.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   5632 2008-05-23 19:42 Thumbs.db

server 4 (ls -la /data/export)
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 215663 2007-09-14 14:14 6-instructions2.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   2256 2008-12-18 11:54 budget.ods
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc  21281 2009-02-18 16:45 cv_nouveau.docx
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  13308 2009-01-26 10:49 cv.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 196375 2008-04-02 18:48 odometre.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   5632 2008-05-23 19:42 Thumbs.db

server 2 (ls -la /data/export)
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc 135793 2009-02-02 15:26 bookmarks.html
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 112640 2008-11-17 21:41 cv.doc
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  13546 2007-09-11 15:43 cv.odt
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  25088 2006-07-03 17:07 menulaurentien.doc
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc  33734 2009-02-06 12:58 opera6.htm

server 3 (ls -la /data/export)
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc 135793 2009-02-02 15:26 bookmarks.html
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 112640 2008-11-17 21:41 cv.doc
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  13546 2007-09-11 15:43 cv.odt
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  25088 2006-07-03 17:07 menulaurentien.doc
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc  33734 2009-02-06 12:58 opera6.htm

server x (ls -la /mnt/glusterfs)
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 215663 2007-09-14 14:14 6-instructions2.pdf
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc 135793 2009-02-02 15:26 bookmarks.html
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   2256 2008-12-18 11:54 budget.ods
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 112640 2008-11-17 21:41 cv.doc
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc  21281 2009-02-18 16:45 cv_nouveau.docx
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  13546 2007-09-11 15:43 cv.odt
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  13308 2009-01-26 10:49 cv.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  25088 2006-07-03 17:07 menulaurentien.doc
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 196375 2008-04-02 18:48 odometre.pdf
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc  33734 2009-02-06 12:58 opera6.htm
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   5632 2008-05-23 19:42 Thumbs.db

server 1 (ls -la /data/export-ns)
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2007-09-14 14:14 6-instructions2.pdf
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-02 15:26 bookmarks.html
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-12-18 11:54 budget.ods
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-11-17 21:41 cv.doc
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-18 16:45 cv_nouveau.docx
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2007-09-11 15:43 cv.odt
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2009-01-26 10:49 cv.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2006-07-03 17:07 menulaurentien.doc
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-04-02 18:48 odometre.pdf
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-06 12:58 opera6.htm
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-05-23 19:42 Thumbs.db


server 2 (ls -la /data/export-ns)
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2007-09-14 14:14 6-instructions2.pdf
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-02 15:26 bookmarks.html
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-12-18 11:54 budget.ods
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-11-17 21:41 cv.doc
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-18 16:45 cv_nouveau.docx
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2007-09-11 15:43 cv.odt
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2009-01-26 10:49 cv.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2006-07-03 17:07 menulaurentien.doc
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-04-02 18:48 odometre.pdf
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-06 12:58 opera6.htm
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-05-23 19:42 Thumbs.db

Now let's say we want to test how redundant is the setup. Lets reboot server1 and create new files while its down:

> /mnt/glusterfs/testfile
> /mnt/glusterfs/testfile2
> /mnt/glusterfs/testfile3
> /mnt/glusterfs/testfile4

Once server1 is back, let's check file consistency:

server 1 (ls -la /data/export)
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 215663 2007-09-14 14:14 6-instructions2.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   2256 2008-12-18 11:54 b4udget.ods
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc  21281 2009-02-18 16:45 cv_nouveau.docx
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  13308 2009-01-26 10:49 cv.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 196375 2008-04-02 18:48 odometre.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   5632 2008-05-23 19:42 Thumbs.db

server 4 (ls -la /data/export)
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 215663 2007-09-14 14:14 6-instructions2.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   2256 2008-12-18 11:54 budget.ods
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc  21281 2009-02-18 16:45 cv_nouveau.docx
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  13308 2009-01-26 10:49 cv.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 196375 2008-04-02 18:48 odometre.pdf
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      0 2009-02-19 11:32 testfile
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      0 2009-02-19 11:32 testfile3
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   5632 2008-05-23 19:42 Thumbs.db

server 1 (ls -la /data/export-ns)
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2007-09-14 14:14 6-instructions2.pdf
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-02 15:26 bookmarks.html
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-12-18 11:54 budget.ods
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-11-17 21:41 cv.doc
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-18 16:45 cv_nouveau.docx
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2007-09-11 15:43 cv.odt
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2009-01-26 10:49 cv.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2006-07-03 17:07 menulaurentien.doc
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-04-02 18:48 odometre.pdf
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-06 12:58 opera6.htm
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-05-23 19:42 Thumbs.db

Oups, we have an inconstency here. To fix that, gluster documentation says missing files have to be read. So let's do this simple command to read all files:

ls -lR /mnt/glusterfs/

Now, let's check what we have on server1:

server1 (ls -la /data/export)
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 215663 2007-09-14 14:14 6-instructions2.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   2256 2008-12-18 11:54 budget.ods
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc  21281 2009-02-18 16:45 cv_nouveau.docx
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc  13308 2009-01-26 10:49 cv.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc 196375 2008-04-02 18:48 odometre.pdf
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      0 2009-02-19 11:32 testfile
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root      0 2009-02-19 11:32 testfile3
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc   5632 2008-05-23 19:42 Thumbs.db

server1 (ls -la /data/export-ns)
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2007-09-14 14:14 6-instructions2.pdf
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-02 15:26 bookmarks.html
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-12-18 11:54 budget.ods
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-11-17 21:41 cv.doc
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-18 16:45 cv_nouveau.docx
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2007-09-11 15:43 cv.odt
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2009-01-26 10:49 cv.pdf
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2006-07-03 17:07 menulaurentien.doc
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-04-02 18:48 odometre.pdf
-rwxr--r-- 1 marc marc    0 2009-02-06 12:58 opera6.htm
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    0 2009-02-19 11:29 testfile
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    0 2009-02-19 11:29 testfile2
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    0 2009-02-19 11:29 testfile3
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root    0 2009-02-19 11:29 testfile4
-rwxrwxrwx 1 marc marc    0 2008-05-23 19:42 Thumbs.db

Now everything is as it should be.

 

6. Conclusion

GlusterFS has a lot of potential. What you saw here is a small portion of what GlusterFS can do. As I said in the first page, this setup was not tested on a live webserver and very little testing was done. If you plan to put this on a live server and test this setup in depth, please share your experience in the forums or simply post a comment on this page. Also, it would be very interesting if someone can post benchmarks to see how well it scale.

Further reading : http://www.gluster.org

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9 Comment(s)

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Comments

From: Mike Glass at: 2009-04-09 19:26:16

For whatever reason my system would only

When configuring with --prefix= I got the error:

libtool: install: error: cannot install `libglusterfsclient.la' to a directory not ending in /usr/lib

 to fix this I did this:

./configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc --datadir=/var

 This might be a slightly cleaner solution then the aforementioned one if you want to keep your files in order.

From: Anonymous at: 2009-08-07 00:49:50

You have to regenerate configure by running ./autogen first.

From: Anne Oni Mouse at: 2009-03-04 22:50:39

For some reasons, libraries are going in the wrong directory so we need to (if someone has a clean fix to this please post it!) ... That's ./configure, you have to tell it where to put libraries... try --prefix=

From: Anonymous at: 2009-03-06 03:22:29

This was done for local storage on a multi node webserver. Im sure with heartbeat you can easily do that.

 

Marc

From: at: 2009-11-11 14:33:50

Hi to everybody.

I've followed exatly this howto and I've realized a RAID1 between 2 servers.

The problem is that is working just if SRV1 is always up and SRV2 can reboot or crash without problem.

If, for some reasons, SVR2 will be rebooted, I still have the replication of SRV1, but I can not write  in the replicated folder (I've this error: Transport endpoint is not connected)

What is wrong with this configuration? I've this two files in both servers:

SERVER:

# file: /etc/glusterfs/glusterfsd.vol
volume posix
type storage/posix
option directory /data/export
end-volume

volume locks
type features/locks
subvolumes posix
end-volume

volume brick
type performance/io-threads
option thread-count 8
subvolumes locks
end-volume

volume posix-ns
type storage/posix
option directory /data/export-ns
end-volume

volume locks-ns
type features/locks
subvolumes posix-ns
end-volume

volume brick-ns
type performance/io-threads
option thread-count 8
subvolumes locks-ns
end-volume

volume server
type protocol/server
option transport-type tcp
option auth.addr.brick.allow *
option auth.addr.brick-ns.allow *
subvolumes brick brick-ns
end-volume

 CLIENT:

# file: /etc/glusterfs/glusterfs.vol

### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server1

volume brick1
type protocol/client
option transport-type tcp/client
option remote-host 192.168.0.1 # IP address of the remote brick
option remote-subvolume brick # name of the remote volume
end-volume

### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server2
volume brick2
type protocol/client
option transport-type tcp/client
option remote-host 192.168.0.2 # IP address of the remote brick
option remote-subvolume brick # name of the remote volume
end-volume

### The file index on server1
volume brick1-ns
type protocol/client
option transport-type tcp/client
option remote-host 192.168.0.1 # IP address of the remote brick
option remote-subvolume brick-ns # name of the remote volume
end-volume

### The file index on server2
volume brick2-ns
type protocol/client
option transport-type tcp/client
option remote-host 192.168.0.2 # IP address of the remote brick
option remote-subvolume brick-ns # name of the remote volume
end-volume

#The replicated volume with data
volume afr1
type cluster/afr
subvolumes brick1 brick2
end-volume

#The replicated volume with indexes
volume afr-ns
type cluster/afr
subvolumes brick1-ns brick2-ns
end-volume

#The unification of all afr volumes (used for > 2 servers)
volume unify
type cluster/unify
option scheduler rr # round robin
option namespace afr-ns
subvolumes afr1
end-volume

From: john at: 2010-04-11 23:47:30

Could this be the reason it isn't self-healing?...

http://www.gluster.com/community/documentation/index.php/Whats_New_v2.0#Known_Issues

Specifically: "Replicate will only self-heal if the files exist on the first subvolume. Server A-> B works, Server A <-B does not work."

 

From: Nathan at: 2012-01-09 02:25:41

Your article outlines how to set up a redundant filesystem. It doesn't tackle high availability for the filesystem. Please include this information or change the title of the article.

From: katz at: 2009-03-04 17:24:10

I have one doubt.

Do you have any kind of availability example using virtual Ip address between two servers ? Like VRRP or HSRP.

 

From: Anonymous at: 2009-06-19 11:51:36

hi, is this also posibel? It works on my server but i wonder if this is a bad ide or not ?:

#client config

### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server1
volume brick1
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 172.16.2.21    # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server2
volume brick2
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 172.16.2.22      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server3
volume brick3
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 172.16.2.23      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server4
volume brick4
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 172.16.2.24      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server1
volume brick1-ns
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 172.16.2.21    # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick-ns        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server2
volume brick2-ns
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 172.16.2.22      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick-ns        # name of the remote volume
end-volume

### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server2
volume brick3-ns
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 172.16.2.23      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick-ns        # name of the remote volume
end-volume

### Add client feature and attach to remote subvolume of server2
volume brick4-ns
 type protocol/client
 option transport-type tcp/client
 option remote-host 172.16.2.24      # IP address of the remote brick
 option remote-subvolume brick-ns        # name of the remote volume
end-volume
 
volume afr1
 type cluster/afr
 subvolumes brick1 brick2 brick3 brick4
end-volume

volume afr-ns
 type cluster/afr
 subvolumes brick1-ns brick2-ns brick3-ns brick4-ns
end-volume

volume unify
  type cluster/unify
  option scheduler rr # round robin
  option namespace afr-ns
  subvolumes afr1
end-volume