Disk Based Backups With Amanda On Debian Etch

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Author: Oliver Meyer <o [dot] meyer [at] projektfarm [dot] de>
Last edited 09/17/2007

This document describes how to set up Amanda (The Advanced Maryland Automatic Network Disk Archiver) on Debian Etch. For this tutorial I chose Ubuntu v7.04 as a backup-client. The resulting system provides a flexible backup-system with many features. It will be able to back up multiple hosts via network to various devices. I chose the disk based backup for this howto.

This howto is meant as a practical guide; it does not cover the theoretical backgrounds. They are treated in a lot of other documents in the web.

This document comes without warranty of any kind! I want to say that this is not the only way of setting up such a system. There are many ways of achieving this goal but this is the way I take. I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

 

1 Preparation

Set up a basic Debian system and a basic Ubuntu system - update both.

The Debian system will be the backup-host: server1.example.com.

The Ubuntu system will be the backup-client: server2.example.com.

 

2 Needed Packages On The Backup-Host

apt-get install amanda-server xinetd gawk gnuplot readline-common

 

3 Backup-Host Configuration

Note: I'm using the standard configuration DailySet1 in this howto.

 

3.1 Amanda.conf

We customize the amanda.conf for DailySet1 to our needs:

vi /etc/amanda/DailySet1/amanda.conf

Edit the following, existing lines, so that they look like this:

tapecycle 6 tapes
tapetype DISK
tpchanger "chg-disk"
changerfile "/etc/amanda/DailySet1/changer"
tapedev "file:/dumps/amandatapes/DailySet1"

Now add the tapetype definition for the virtual tapedevice. In this example I chose a size of 3GB for each virtual tape - resulting in a required space of 18GB for all six virtual tapes. Adjust it to your needs.

define tapetype DISK {
   comment "Backup to HD"
   length 3072 mbytes
}

Next we have to add a dumptype where we define the settings for the backups. But of course you can use the existing dumptypes. Make sure that you use/create one with the entry program "GNUTAR". All possible settings are well commented in the amanda.conf.

define dumptype example {
   global
   comment "example dumptype"
   compress client fast
   program "GNUTAR"
   strategy standard
   priority high
}

 

3.2 Virtual Tapedevice

First we have to prepare a directory-tree for amanda where the backups will be stored temporarily (the holding disk):

mkdir -p /dumps/amanda

Now we have to create a directory for the virtual tapedevice:

mkdir -p /dumps/amandatapes/DailySet1

In the next step we have to create the directories for the virtual tapes. In this example we create six virtual tapes:

for i in 1 2 3 4 5 6; do mkdir /dumps/amandatapes/DailySet1/slot${i}; done

Create the info file:

touch /dumps/amandatapes/DailySet1/info

Time to initialize the tapedevice by inserting the first virtual tape into the tapedevice:

ln -s /dumps/amandatapes/DailySet1/slot1 /dumps/amandatapes/DailySet1/data

Now we have to pass the ownership to the amanda-user:

chown -R backup:backup /dumps/

Next we switch to the user backup:

su backup

Note: All amanda-commands, except amrestore, have to be executed as user backup.

Create the tapelist file:

touch /etc/amanda/DailySet1/tapelist

We have to label the virtual tapes to make them usable for amanda:

for i in 1 2 3 4 5 6; do /usr/sbin/amlabel DailySet1 DailySet1-${i} slot ${i}; done

 

3.3 The Disklist

The disklist brings all together. Here we define what has to be backed up from what server with which settings. A complete entry for a server consists of the fqdn, the path (e.g. /var) or device (e.g. sda1) that shall be backed up and the dumptype.

vi /etc/amanda/DailySet1/disklist

server2.example.com /home example

Note: Don't forget to add the backup-client to /etc/hosts if you are using this setup in a LAN without an own DNS.

 

3.4 Amandahosts

Finally we have to edit the amandahosts file:

vi /etc/amandahosts

server1.example.com backup
server1.example.com root
server2.example.com root
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From: Scott at: 2009-12-16 20:07:04

Hi, I'm following your guide to set up Amanda on Ubuntu. I'm using Ubuntu 8.04 but everything so far has gone well in the installation except when I get to the last step in 3.2 where it says:

 

We have to label the virtual tapes to make them usable for amanda:

for i in 1 2 3 4 5 6; do /usr/sbin/amlabel DailySet1 DailySet1-${i} slot ${i}; done

 

 When i enter this command having followed every step of the guide to the letter, I get the following output:

$ for i in 1 2 3 4 5 6 7; do /usr/sbin/amlabel DailySet1 DailySet1-${i} slot ${i}; done

labeling tape in slot 1 (file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1):

rewindingERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)

ERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)


amlabel: tape_rewind: rewinding tape: file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1: Input/output error

labeling tape in slot 2 (file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1):

rewindingERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)

ERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)


amlabel: tape_rewind: rewinding tape: file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1: Input/output error

labeling tape in slot 3 (file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1):

rewindingERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)

ERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)


amlabel: tape_rewind: rewinding tape: file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1: Input/output error

labeling tape in slot 4 (file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1):

rewindingERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)

ERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)


amlabel: tape_rewind: rewinding tape: file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1: Input/output error

labeling tape in slot 5 (file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1):

rewindingERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)

ERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)


amlabel: tape_rewind: rewinding tape: file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1: Input/output error

labeling tape in slot 6 (file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1):

rewindingERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)

ERROR: /storage/amanda/DailySet1/data/ (No such file or directory)


amlabel: tape_rewind: rewinding tape: file:/storage/amanda/DailySet1: Input/output error

amlabel: could not load slot "7": illegal slot

 

Is this just because I'm using Ubu 8.04 instead of Dapper?

From: Anonymous at: 2010-03-19 08:11:14

Your ubuntu installation uses /storage/amanda/... in stead of /dump/..... that is used in the example. Adjust the commands in the tutorial to ues /storage/.... instead

From: Scott at: 2009-12-16 23:22:33

Ahh, looks like the step I missed was to configure amanda.conf to look in the right /amandatapes/ dir

 Many thanks for the guide! :)