The Perfect Setup - Debian Sarge (3.1) - Page 3

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Wed, 2005-03-30 20:14. ::

2 Installing And Configuring The Rest Of The System

Configure The Network

Because the Debian Sarge installer has configured our system to get its network settings via DHCP, we have to change that now because a server should have a static IP address. Edit /etc/network/interfaces and adjust it to your needs (in this example setup I will use the IP address 192.168.0.100):

# /etc/network/interfaces -- configuration file for ifup(8), ifdown(8)

# The loopback interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

# The first network card - this entry was created during the Debian installation
# (network, broadcast and gateway are optional)
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
address 192.168.0.100
netmask 255.255.255.0
network 192.168.0.0
broadcast 192.168.0.255
gateway 192.168.0.1

If you want to add the IP address 192.168.0.101 to the interface eth0 you should change the file to look like this:

# /etc/network/interfaces -- configuration file for ifup(8), ifdown(8)

# The loopback interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

# The first network card - this entry was created during the Debian installation
# (network, broadcast and gateway are optional)
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
address 192.168.0.100
netmask 255.255.255.0
network 192.168.0.0
broadcast 192.168.0.255
gateway 192.168.0.1

auto eth0:0
iface eth0:0 inet static
address 192.168.0.101
netmask 255.255.255.0
network 192.168.0.0
broadcast 192.168.0.255
gateway 192.168.0.1

Then restart your network:

/etc/init.d/networking restart

Edit /etc/resolv.conf and add some nameservers:

search server
nameserver 145.253.2.75
nameserver 193.174.32.18
nameserver 194.25.0.60

Edit /etc/hosts and add your new IP addresses:

127.0.0.1       localhost.localdomain   localhost       server1
192.168.0.100 server1.example.com server1
192.168.0.101 virtual-ip1.example.com virtual-ip1


# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1 ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
ff02::3 ip6-allhosts

Setting The Hostname

echo server1.example.com > /etc/hostname
/bin/hostname -F /etc/hostname

Install/Remove Some Software

Now let's install some software we need later on and remove some packages that we do not need:

apt-get install wget bzip2 rdate fetchmail libdb3++-dev unzip zip ncftp xlispstat libarchive-zip-perl zlib1g-dev libpopt-dev nmap openssl lynx fileutils g++
apt-get remove lpr nfs-common portmap pidentd pcmcia-cs pppoe pppoeconf ppp pppconfig

update-rc.d -f exim remove
update-inetd --remove daytime
update-inetd --remove telnet
update-inetd --remove time
update-inetd --remove finger
update-inetd --remove talk
update-inetd --remove ntalk
update-inetd --remove ftp
update-inetd --remove discard
<- Yes

/etc/init.d/openbsd-inetd reload


Quota

apt-get install quota quotatool
<- No

Edit /etc/fstab to look like this (I added ,usrquota,grpquota to the partition with the mount point /):

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
/dev/sda1 / ext3 defaults,errors=remount-ro,usrquota,grpquota 0 1
/dev/sda5 none swap sw 0 0
/dev/hdc /media/cdrom0 iso9660 ro,user,noauto 0 0
/dev/fd0 /media/floppy0 auto rw,user,noauto 0 0

Then run:

touch /quota.user /quota.group
chmod 600 /quota.*
mount -o remount /
quotacheck -avugm
quotaon -avug


DNS-Server

apt-get install bind9

For security reasons we want to run BIND chrooted so we have to do the following steps:

/etc/init.d/bind9 stop

Edit the file /etc/default/bind9 so that the daemon will run as the unprivileged user 'bind', chrooted to /var/lib/named. Modify the line: OPTS="-u bind" so that it reads OPTS="-u bind -t /var/lib/named":

OPTIONS="-u bind -t /var/lib/named"

Create the necessary directories under /var/lib:

mkdir -p /var/lib/named/etc
mkdir /var/lib/named/dev
mkdir -p /var/lib/named/var/cache/bind
mkdir -p /var/lib/named/var/run/bind/run

Then move the config directory from /etc to /var/lib/named/etc:

mv /etc/bind /var/lib/named/etc

Create a symlink to the new config directory from the old location (to avoid problems when bind is upgraded in the future):

ln -s /var/lib/named/etc/bind /etc/bind

Make null and random devices, and fix permissions of the directories:

mknod /var/lib/named/dev/null c 1 3
mknod /var/lib/named/dev/random c 1 8
chmod 666 /var/lib/named/dev/null /var/lib/named/dev/random
chown -R bind:bind /var/lib/named/var/*
chown -R bind:bind /var/lib/named/etc/bind

We need to modify the startup script /etc/init.d/sysklogd of sysklogd so that we can still get important messages logged to the system logs. Modify the line: SYSLOGD="" so that it reads: SYSLOGD="-a /var/lib/named/dev/log":

#! /bin/sh
# /etc/init.d/sysklogd: start the system log daemon.

PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin

pidfile=/var/run/syslogd.pid
binpath=/sbin/syslogd

test -x $binpath || exit 0

# Options for start/restart the daemons
# For remote UDP logging use SYSLOGD="-r"
#
SYSLOGD="-a /var/lib/named/dev/log"

create_xconsole()
{
if [ ! -e /dev/xconsole ]; then
mknod -m 640 /dev/xconsole p
else
chmod 0640 /dev/xconsole
fi
chown root:adm /dev/xconsole
}

running()
{
# No pidfile, probably no daemon present
#
if [ ! -f $pidfile ]
then
return 1
fi

pid=`cat $pidfile`

# No pid, probably no daemon present
#
if [ -z "$pid" ]
then
return 1
fi

if [ ! -d /proc/$pid ]
then
return 1
fi

cmd=`cat /proc/$pid/cmdline | tr "\000" "\n"|head -n 1`

# No syslogd?
#
if [ "$cmd" != "$binpath" ]
then
return 1
fi

return 0
}

case "$1" in
start)
echo -n "Starting system log daemon: syslogd"
create_xconsole
start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --exec $binpath -- $SYSLOGD
echo "."
;;
stop)
echo -n "Stopping system log daemon: syslogd"
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --exec $binpath --pidfile $pidfile
echo "."
;;
reload|force-reload)
echo -n "Reloading system log daemon: syslogd"
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --signal 1 --exec $binpath --pidfile $pidfile
echo "."
;;
restart)
echo -n "Restarting system log daemon: syslogd"
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --exec $binpath --pidfile $pidfile
sleep 1
start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --exec $binpath -- $SYSLOGD
echo "."
;;
reload-or-restart)
if running
then
echo -n "Reloading system log daemon: syslogd"
start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --signal 1 --exec $binpath --pidfile $pidfile
else
echo -n "Restarting system log daemon: syslogd"
start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --exec $binpath -- $SYSLOGD
fi
echo "."
;;
*)
echo "Usage: /etc/init.d/sysklogd {start|stop|reload|restart|force-reload|reload-or-restart}"
exit 1
esac

exit 0

Restart the logging daemon:

/etc/init.d/sysklogd restart

Start up BIND, and check /var/log/syslog for any errors:

/etc/init.d/bind9 start


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Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Wed, 2006-05-31 15:07.
Clamav dependency libgmp3-dev

The ClamAV package requires the GMP library to verify the digital signature of
the virus database. When building ClamAV you need the GMP library and its
headers: if you are using Debian just run apt-get install libgmp3-dev, if you
are using an RPM based distribution install the gmp-devel package. You'll need

to rerun ./configure and recompile ClamAV.

Just my 0.02 ct

gr Ovis

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Mon, 2006-03-13 08:04.
As I write this (March 12, 2006), the PowerPC port doesn't include quota support in the kernel by default. For quota support on PowerPC Debian, you'll need to compile a custom kernel. http://www.howtoforge.com/forums/showthread.php?t=21
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Thu, 2006-02-23 13:11.

I dont know for sure but iirc this can be done to cleanup stuff furthermore. Its the purge command that removes stuff from the apt database

dpkg -P lpr nfs-common portmap pidentd pcmcia-cs pppoe pppoeconf ppp pppconfig

rm -fr /etc/ppp

Just a Thought

Ovis