KVM Virtualization With Enomalism 2 On A Fedora 10 Server
Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Sun, 2009-04-19 17:28. :: Fedora | KVM | Virtualization
KVM Virtualization With Enomalism 2 On A Fedora 10 Server
Enomalism ECP (Elastic Computing Platform) provides a web-based control panel that lets you design, deploy, and manage virtual machines on one or more host systems (in the case of multiple systems, we speak of a cluster or cloud). This article shows how you can use Enomalism (also know as Enomaly) to manage KVM guests on one Fedora 10 server.
I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!
1 Preliminary Note
I'm using a Fedora 10 server with the hostname server1.example.com and the IP address 192.168.0.100 here as my KVM host. The server is located in a private network with a DHCP server (on the router, IP 192.168.0.1). Enomalism usage might be different if you use it in a public network.
Before we start, run
and disable the firewall.
Also, make sure that SELinux is disabled. Open /etc/selinux/config...
... and set SELINUX to disabled:
... for the change to take effect.
Please check if your CPU supports hardware virtualization - if this is the case, the command
egrep '(vmx|svm)' --color=always /proc/cpuinfo
should display something, e.g. like this:
[root@server1 ~]# egrep '(vmx|svm)' --color=always /proc/cpuinfo
If nothing is displayed, then your processor doesn't support hardware virtualization, and you must stop here.
2 Installing Enomalism 2
First do this:
To install KVM and Qemu, we run
yum install libvirt libvirt-python kvm qemu
ln -s /usr/bin/qemu-kvm /usr/bin/kvm
Then start the libvirt daemon:
To check if KVM has successfully been installed, run
virsh -c qemu:///system list
It should display something like this:
[root@server1 ~]# virsh -c qemu:///system list
If it displays an error instead, then something went wrong.
Next we need to set up a network bridge on our server so that our virtual machines can be accessed from other hosts as if they were physical systems in the network.
To do this, we install the package bridge-utils...
yum install bridge-utils
... and configure a bridge. Delete the system startup links for NetworkManager and create system startup links for network:
chkconfig --del NetworkManager
Then create the file /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-virbr0 (please use the BOOTPROTO, DNS1 (plus any other DNS settings, if any), GATEWAY, IPADDR, NETMASK and SEARCH values from the /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 file):
Modify /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 as follows (comment out BOOTPROTO, DNS1 (and all other DNS servers, if any), GATEWAY, IPADDR, NETMASK, and SEARCH and add BRIDGE=virbr0):
Then reboot the system:
After the reboot, run
It should now show the network bridge (virbr0):
[root@server1 ~]# ifconfig
Also, the KVM kernel module should now be loaded:
lsmod | grep -i kvm
[root@server1 ~]# lsmod | grep -i kvm
(This output is from a system with an AMD-V processor. If your system uses an Intel VT CPU, it should display something like kvm_intel.)
Now we download the latest Enomalism .rpm package from http://sourceforge.net/project/showfiles.php?group_id=164855&package_id=186866&release_id=667675, e.g. as follows (please make sure you grab the PY2.5 package, not PY2.4!):
After the download has finished, we install Enomalism as follows:
yum install enomalism2-2.2.3.noarch.PY2.5.rpm
Then we create the system startup links for MySQL (so that MySQL starts automatically whenever the system boots) and start the MySQL server:
chkconfig --levels 235 mysqld on
mysqladmin -u root password yourrootsqlpassword
to set a password for the user root (otherwise anybody can access your MySQL database!).
If the last command throws an error at you...
[root@server1 named]# mysqladmin -h server1.example.com -u root password yourrootsqlpassword
... we can set the password as follows: connect to MySQL:
mysql -u root -p
Type in the password for the MySQL root user. Then, on the MySQL shell, do this:
mysql> USE mysql;
mysql> UPDATE user SET Password = password('yourrootsqlpassword') WHERE Host = 'server1.example.com' AND User = 'root';
mysql> UPDATE user SET Password = password('yourrootsqlpassword') WHERE Host = '127.0.0.1' AND User = 'root';
mysql> SELECT * FROM user;
to make sure that all rows where the user is root have a password.
If everything is looking ok, run
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
... and leave the MySQL shell:
Now we must configure Enomalism. Run
Replace yourrootsqlpassword with your MySQL root password. enomalism is the name of the database user that Enomalism will use to connect to the MySQL database, and enomalismpassword is the database password for the user enomalism. Replace both with a username/passsword of your choice.
In the /opt/enomalism2 directory, there should be a file called server1.example.com.cfg. We copy that file to the /opt/enomalism2/config directory:
cp server1.example.com.cfg config/server1.example.com.cfg
and write down the ID that the command generates (we need it in the next step where we modify /opt/enomalism2/config/server1.example.com.cfg):
[root@server1 enomalism2]# uuidgen
Now we edit /opt/enomalism2/config/server1.example.com.cfg:
Please adjust the following four values:
Make sure you use the correct database user and password for the MySQL database and the correct IP address for the next two settings. In the enomalism2.self line, you should use the ID generated by uuidgen.
You will also find the settings enomalism2.drivestorage='file' and enomalism2.storagetarget='file:///xen/' in that file. Currently, Enomalism doesn't support LVM, so you should not change these settings!
Next edit /etc/libvirt/qemu.conf...
... and uncomment the line vnc_listen = "0.0.0.0":
(Otherwise you won't be able to connect to the KVM guests via VNC from a remote machine!)
Restart libvirtd afterwards:
Now we create the system startup links for Enomalism and start it:
chkconfig --levels 235 enomalism2.sh on
Now open a browser and go to http://192.168.0.100:8080. This should finish the Enomalism installation:
Click on the Click here to use Enomalism2! link: