There is a new version of this tutorial available for Debian 11 (Bullseye).

How to build nginx with Google PageSpeed module on Debian 8 (Jessie)

This tutorial exists for these OS versions

On this page

  1. 1 Building nginx With PageSpeed
  2. 2 Configuring PageSpeed
  3. 3 Links

Authors: Falko TimmeF4RR3LL | Sven

This tutorials explains how to build nginx with the latest version of the nginx_pagespeed module on Debian Jessie. The PageSpeed module applies web performance best practices to pages, and associated assets (CSS, JavaScript, images) and therefore speeds up your web site and reduces load times.


1 Building nginx With PageSpeed

nginx does not support dynamic loading of modules, therefore we must rebuild it with PageSpeed support. We will build nginx as a .deb package so that we can replace our existing nginx installation with it (or easily install it on other systems).

Create the build directory first:

cd /usr/src
mkdir nginx-pagespeed && cd nginx-pagespeed

Make sure you have deb and deb-src lines for Jessie in /etc/apt/sources.list:

nano /etc/apt/sources.list
deb jessie main contrib non-free
deb-src jessie main contrib non-free

Update your packages list and install some prerequisites:

apt-get update
apt-get install dpkg-dev build-essential zlib1g-dev libpcre3 libpcre3-dev unzip curl libcurl4-openssl-dev libossp-uuid-dev

Download the nginx sources and the build dependencies:

apt-get source nginx
apt-get build-dep nginx

Let's check our nginx version:

ls -l
[email protected]:/usr/src/nginx-pagespeed# ls -l
insgesamt 1388
drwxr-xr-x 10 root root 4096 Apr 29 22:16 nginx-1.6.2
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 604568 Dez 1 12:51 nginx_1.6.2-5.debian.tar.xz
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 2827 Dez 1 12:51 nginx_1.6.2-5.dsc
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 804164 Sep 17 2014 nginx_1.6.2.orig.tar.gz

Our nginx version is 1.6.2. Let's go to the debian/modules directory of the downloaded nginx sources...

cd /usr/src/nginx-pagespeed/nginx-1.6.2/debian/modules/

... and download the PageSpeed sources (you can check for the latest release on this page: - in this example the version is; if your version differs, make sure to replace it in the rest of this tutorial):

mv ngx_pagespeed-release- ngx_pagespeed
cd ngx_pagespeed/
tar -xzvf

Let's edit the debian/rules file:

nano /usr/src/nginx-pagespeed/nginx-1.6.2/debian/rules

In that file you will find three configure_flags sections where the line:

–add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/ngx_pagespeed \ 

needs to be added:

in the section light_configure_flags after –without-http_uwsgi_module ,
in the section full_configure_flags after –with-mail_ssl_module,
in the section extras_configure_flags after –add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-development-kit

The resulting file should look like the one below (use the tab key to add the whitespace in front of the lines).

#!/usr/bin/make -f
export DH_VERBOSE=1

debian_cflags:=$(shell dpkg-buildflags --get CFLAGS) $(shell dpkg-buildflags --get CPPFLAGS)
debian_ldflags:=$(shell dpkg-buildflags --get LDFLAGS)

# export necessary perl hardenging flags
# see: src/http/modules/perl/Makefile.PL
DEBIAN_NGINX_PERL_LDFLAGS:= $(debian_ldflags)

FLAVOURS := full light extras

MODULESDIR = $(CURDIR)/debian/modules
$(foreach flavour,$(FLAVOURS),$(eval BUILDDIR_$(flavour) = $(CURDIR)/debian/build-$(flavour)))

DEB_BUILD_ARCH ?=$(shell dpkg-architecture -qDEB_BUILD_ARCH)
ifeq ($(DEB_BUILD_ARCH),sparc)
	debian_cflags += -m32 -mcpu=ultrasparc

ifneq (,$(filter parallel=%,$(DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS)))
	NUMJOBS = $(patsubst parallel=%,%,$(filter parallel=%,$(DEB_BUILD_OPTIONS)))

# configure flags
common_configure_flags := \
			--with-cc-opt="$(debian_cflags)" \
			--with-ld-opt="$(debian_ldflags)" \
			--prefix=/usr/share/nginx \
			--conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
			--http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
			--error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
			--lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock \
			--pid-path=/run/ \
			--http-client-body-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/body \
			--http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/fastcgi \
			--http-proxy-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/proxy \
			--http-scgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/scgi \
			--http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/uwsgi \
			--with-debug \
			--with-pcre-jit \
			--with-ipv6 \
			--with-http_ssl_module \
			--with-http_stub_status_module \
			--with-http_realip_module \

light_configure_flags := \
			$(common_configure_flags) \
			--with-http_gzip_static_module \
			--without-http_browser_module \
			--without-http_geo_module \
			--without-http_limit_req_module \
			--without-http_limit_zone_module \
			--without-http_memcached_module \
			--without-http_referer_module \
			--without-http_scgi_module \
			--without-http_split_clients_module \
			--without-http_ssi_module \
			--without-http_userid_module \
			--without-http_uwsgi_module \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/ngx_pagespeed \

full_configure_flags := \
			$(common_configure_flags) \
			--with-http_addition_module \
			--with-http_dav_module \
			--with-http_geoip_module \
			--with-http_gzip_static_module \
			--with-http_image_filter_module \
			--with-http_spdy_module \
			--with-http_sub_module \
			--with-http_xslt_module \
			--with-mail \
			--with-mail_ssl_module \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/ngx_pagespeed \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-auth-pam \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-dav-ext-module \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-echo \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-upstream-fair \

extras_configure_flags := \
			$(common_configure_flags) \
			--with-http_addition_module \
			--with-http_dav_module \
			--with-http_flv_module \
			--with-http_geoip_module \
			--with-http_gzip_static_module \
			--with-http_image_filter_module \
			--with-http_mp4_module \
			--with-http_perl_module \
			--with-http_random_index_module \
			--with-http_secure_link_module \
			--with-http_spdy_module \
			--with-http_sub_module \
			--with-http_xslt_module \
			--with-mail \
			--with-mail_ssl_module \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/headers-more-nginx-module \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-auth-pam \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-cache-purge \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-dav-ext-module \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-development-kit \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/ngx_pagespeed \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/ngx-fancyindex \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-http-push \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-lua \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-upload-progress \
			--add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/nginx-upstream-fair \

	dh [email protected] --with systemd

override_dh_auto_configure: $(foreach flavour,$(FLAVOURS),config.arch.$(flavour))
override_dh_auto_build:     $(foreach flavour,$(FLAVOURS),build.arch.$(flavour))
override_dh_strip:          $(foreach flavour,$(FLAVOURS),strip.arch.$(flavour))
override_dh_clean:          $(foreach flavour,$(FLAVOURS),clean.$(flavour))

	dh_installinit --no-restart-on-upgrade --no-start --name=nginx

	dh_systemd_enable --name=nginx

	dh_installlogrotate --package nginx-common --name=nginx

	$(MAKE) -C $(BUILDDIR_$*) build

	dh_strip --package=nginx-$(*) --dbg-package=nginx-$(*)-dbg

	mkdir -p $(BUILDDIR_$*)
	cp -Pa $(CURDIR)/auto $(BUILDDIR_$*)/
	cp -Pa $(CURDIR)/conf $(BUILDDIR_$*)/
	cp -Pa $(CURDIR)/configure $(BUILDDIR_$*)/
	cp -Pa $(CURDIR)/contrib $(BUILDDIR_$*)/
	cp -Pa $(CURDIR)/src $(BUILDDIR_$*)/
	cp -Pa $(CURDIR)/man $(BUILDDIR_$*)/
	cd $(BUILDDIR_$*) && ./configure $($*_configure_flags)

	rm -rf $(BUILDDIR_$*)

Then run:

cd /usr/src/nginx-pagespeed/nginx-1.6.2/ && dpkg-buildpackage -b

to build the new nginx .deb package. Afterwards, let's take a look at the generated packages:

cd /usr/src/nginx-pagespeed
ls -l
[email protected]:/usr/src/nginx-pagespeed# ls -l
insgesamt 99720
drwxr-xr-x 10 root root 4096 Apr 29 22:16 nginx-1.6.2
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 72086 Apr 29 23:06 nginx_1.6.2-5_all.deb
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 3961 Apr 29 23:08 nginx_1.6.2-5_amd64.changes
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 604568 Dez 1 12:51 nginx_1.6.2-5.debian.tar.xz
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 2827 Dez 1 12:51 nginx_1.6.2-5.dsc
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 804164 Sep 17 2014 nginx_1.6.2.orig.tar.gz
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 86540 Apr 29 23:06 nginx-common_1.6.2-5_all.deb
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 83716 Apr 29 23:06 nginx-doc_1.6.2-5_all.deb
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 3403690 Apr 29 23:08 nginx-extras_1.6.2-5_amd64.deb
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 31745456 Apr 29 23:08 nginx-extras-dbg_1.6.2-5_amd64.deb
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 3232788 Apr 29 23:07 nginx-full_1.6.2-5_amd64.deb
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 29932616 Apr 29 23:07 nginx-full-dbg_1.6.2-5_amd64.deb
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 3136400 Apr 29 23:07 nginx-light_1.6.2-5_amd64.deb
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 28975322 Apr 29 23:08 nginx-light-dbg_1.6.2-5_amd64.deb

We can now install nginx with PageSpeed support as follows:

dpkg --install nginx-common_1.6.2-5_all.deb nginx_1.6.2-5_all.deb nginx-full_1.6.2-5_amd64.deb

Then restart nginx:

service nginx restart

Let's check if the PageSpeed module was built successfully:

nginx -V

You should see the ngx_pagespeed module in the output:

[email protected]:/usr/src/nginx-pagespeed# nginx -V
nginx version: nginx/1.6.2
TLS SNI support enabled
configure arguments: –with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2' –with-ld-opt=-Wl,-z,relro –prefix=/usr/share/nginx –conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf –http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log –error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log –lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock –pid-path=/run/ –http-client-body-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/body –http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/fastcgi –http-proxy-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/proxy –http-scgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/scgi –http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/uwsgi –with-debug –with-pcre-jit –with-ipv6 –with-http_ssl_module –with-http_stub_status_module –with-http_realip_module –with-http_auth_request_module –with-http_addition_module –with-http_dav_module –with-http_geoip_module –with-http_gzip_static_module –with-http_image_filter_module –with-http_spdy_module –with-http_sub_module –with-http_xslt_module –with-mail –with-mail_ssl_module –add-module=/usr/src/nginx-pagespeed/nginx-1.6.2/debian/modules/ngx_pagespeed –add-module=/usr/src/nginx-pagespeed/nginx-1.6.2/debian/modules/nginx-auth-pam –add-module=/usr/src/nginx-pagespeed/nginx-1.6.2/debian/modules/nginx-dav-ext-module –add-module=/usr/src/nginx-pagespeed/nginx-1.6.2/debian/modules/nginx-echo –add-module=/usr/src/nginx-pagespeed/nginx-1.6.2/debian/modules/nginx-upstream-fair –add-module=/usr/src/nginx-pagespeed/nginx-1.6.2/debian/modules/ngx_http_substitutions_filter_module


2 Configuring PageSpeed

To enable PageSpeed, open /etc/nginx/nginx.conf...

nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

... and add the lines pagespeed on; and pagespeed FileCachePath /var/ngx_pagespeed_cache; before any vhosts:

        pagespeed on;
        pagespeed FileCachePath /var/ngx_pagespeed_cache;

        # Virtual Host Configs

        include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
        include /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/*;

Create the cache directory and reload nginx:

mkdir /var/ngx_pagespeed_cache
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/ngx_pagespeed_cache
service nginx reload

Let's load a page and check if PageSpeed is mentioned in the output:

curl -I -p http://localhost|grep X-Page-Speed
[email protected]:/usr/src/nginx-pagespeed# curl -I -p http://localhost|grep X-Page-Speed
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 0

Now we can configure PageSpeed individually or each vhost, e.g. like this:

nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/
server {
  # let's speed up PageSpeed by storing it in the super duper fast memcached
  pagespeed MemcachedThreads 1;
  pagespeed MemcachedServers "localhost:11211";

  # Filter settings
  pagespeed RewriteLevel CoreFilters;
  pagespeed EnableFilters collapse_whitespace,remove_comments;

  #  Ensure requests for pagespeed optimized resources go to the pagespeed
  #  handler and no extraneous headers get set.
  location ~ "\.pagespeed\.([a-z]\.)?[a-z]{2}\.[^.]{10}\.[^.]+" {
    add_header "" "";
  location ~ "^/ngx_pagespeed_static/" {
  location ~ "^/ngx_pagespeed_beacon$" {
  location /ngx_pagespeed_statistics {
    deny all;
  location /ngx_pagespeed_global_statistics {
    deny all;
  location /ngx_pagespeed_message {
    deny all;
  location /pagespeed_console {
    deny all;

The important line is the pagespeed EnableFilters line which tells PageSpeed which filters it should apply. You can find a list of all filters here:

Don't forget to restart nginx afterwards:

service nginx reload

When you open a page now and take a look at the headers (e.g. with the Live HTTP headers add-on for FireFox), you should see an x-page-speed line. You can also check the HTML sources of your pages to see if the PageSpeed filters work as expected.



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By: alex

Thank your. But no deside problem with nginx. Syncerley your.

By: natanfelles

Hello. When I doing apt-get update + apt-get upgrade the nginx is breaking saying:

nginx: [emerg] unknown directive "pagespeed" in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:67

It's happens only on upgrade.

By: DonMcCoy

Hi natan,of course, it will happen on upgrade, when you upgrade your package you are installing the newer version against the older version (which you have builded yourself with ngx_pagespeed module), and thus the directive of "pagespeed on;" is no longer know to nginx as he don't have it's module (ngx_pagespeed) whenever you upgrade you should rebuiled nginx the newer with the same process.

By: Alex

Thnkx for article.

edit please

In that file you will find three configure_flags sections where the line:

 --add-module=$(MODULESDIR)/ngx_pagespeed \

By: Iman

After I do this instructions,

when I try to apt-get upgrade I get error:

Setting up nginx-full (1.6.2-5+deb8u2+b1) ...Job for nginx.service failed. See 'systemctl status nginx.service' and 'journalctl -xn' for details.invoke-rc.d: initscript nginx, action "start" failed.dpkg: error processing package nginx-full (--configure): subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 1Errors were encountered while processing: nginx-fullE: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)


By: DarkMaster

This is an excellent write up! I had many difficutlies but got it all sorted out once I calmed down and started to read and not blindly follow instructions but rather compared them with new versions and statements that system provided me with! Still, could not do it without this! Cheers!

By: fbarcenas

Will this be updated for Buster?