How to setup Apache Tomcat cluster with 3 Nodes on Ubuntu

In this article, we will see how to set up a cluster of Apache Tomcat servers. We will be using 3 Ubuntu 18.04 EC2 Instances or VMs, here I have used EC2 instances. We will also see the steps to install Java since Apache Tomcat requires Java.

The following are the details of my cluster.

Cluster Details:

  1. Node1: Base Directory = /root/tomcat1, IP =
  2. Node2: Base Directory = /root/tomcat2, IP =
  3. Node3: Base Directory = /root/tomcat3, IP =


  1. AWS Account (Create if you don’t have one and want to create a cluster on EC2 Instances) (Optional).
  2. 3 EC2 Instances (Click here to learn to create an EC2 Instance) OR 3 VMs with Ubuntu 18.04 LTS on them.
  3. Root access to the servers.

What we will do

  1. Download Apache Tomcat
  2. Install Java8
  3. Configure Apache Tomcat Cluster
  4. Start/Stop Apache Tomcat

Download Apache Tomcat

Change to "root" user to avoid permission errors. But it is not recommended to use "root" user on Production Environments.

sudo -i

Create a directory. Here we will store Apache Tomcat Package. 

mkdir tomcat1 #On Node2 mkdir tomcat2, On Node3 mkdir tomcat3  
cd tomcat1/   #On Node2 cd tomcat2/, On Node3 cd tomcat3/

Download and Extract Apache-Tomcat-9.0.0.M17 or you can download a version of your choice from here.

#On each Node
wget #Download
tar -zxvf apache-tomcat-9.0.0.M17.tar.gz #Extract

Download Apache Tomcat

Install Java 8

#On each node
sudo apt-get update            #Update System Package Details
sudo apt install openjdk-8-jdk #Install Java
java --version                 #Check Java Version

Install Java

Configure Apache Tomcat

Before making the required changes let's take a backup of the default server.xml file.

#On each node
cd apache-tomcat-9.0.0.M17/             #Change the directory.
cp conf/server.xml conf/server.xml.bak  #Take a backup of the existing configuration file.

Configure Aapache Tomcat

Make the required changes in server.xml file.

#On each node
ifconfig                #Get IP of the server.
vim conf/server.xml     #Open configuration file to make the required configurations.

Configure server.xml file

Find the following lines and change localhost to IP of the Node

<Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">
<Host name="localhost"  appBase="webapps

Configure host for web apps

For setting up the cluster, search for the following code

      <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>

And add the following code on each node and replace IP-Of-Node with the IP of the node itself.

<Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster" channelSendOptions="6">
        <Manager className="org.apache.catalina.ha.session.DeltaManager" expireSessionsOnShutdown="false" notifyListenersOnReplication="true"/>
        <Channel className="">
                <Membership className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.membership.McastService" address=""
                        port="45564" frequency="500" dropTime="3000"/>
                <Receiver className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.nio.NioReceiver" address="IP-Of-Node"
                                port="5000" selectorTimeout="100" maxThreads="6"/>
                <Sender className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.ReplicationTransmitter">
                                <Transport className="org.apache.catalina.tribes.transport.nio.PooledParallelSender"/>
                <Interceptor className=""/>
                <Interceptor className=""/>
                <Interceptor className=""/>
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.ReplicationValve" filter=""/>
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.ha.session.JvmRouteBinderValve"/>
        <Deployer className="org.apache.catalina.ha.deploy.FarmWarDeployer" tempDir="/tmp/war-temp/"
                deployDir="/tmp/war-deploy/" watchDir="/tmp/war-listen/" watchEnabled="false"/>
        <ClusterListener className="org.apache.catalina.ha.session.ClusterSessionListener"/>

Configure IP address of the node

Start/Stop Apache Tomcat

Start Apache Tomcat

Use file to start the Apache Tomcat service. Using netstat command you can see that the service has started on the default port 8080.

#On each node
bin/ #Start Apache Tomcat Service.
netstat -tulpn #Check ports being used currently on the system.

Check Logs

catalina.out contains the logs of Apache Tomcat. You can use tail command to see the last lines from the file.

tail -100f logs/catalina.out

Shutdown Apache Tomcat

The Apache Tomcat service can be stopped using file

bin/ #Stop Apache Tomcat Service.

Start and Stop Tomcat


In this article, we saw the steps to create a cluster of Apache tomcat with 3 nodes, saw the basic configuration that needs to be done to create a cluster.

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