How to install Tomcat on CentOS 7

Version 1.0
Author: Srijan Kishore
Last edited 28/Aug/2014

This document describes how to install Tomcat in CentOS 7.0. Apache Tomcat (or simply Tomcat, formerly also Jakarta Tomcat) is an open source web server and servlet container developed by the Apache Software Foundation (ASF). Tomcat implements the Java Servlet and the JavaServer Pages (JSP) specifications from Sun Microsystems, and provides a "pure Java" HTTP web server environment for Java code to run in. Apache Tomcat powers numerous large-scale, mission-critical web applications across a diverse range of industries and organizations. Some of these users and their stories are listed on the PoweredBy wiki page.

I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

1 Preliminary Note

This tutorial is based on CentOS 7.0 server, so you should set up a basic CentOS 7.0 server installation before you continue with this tutorial. The system should have a static IP address. I use as my IP address in this tutorial and as the hostname.

2 Installation

To start the installation of Tomcat we need to first install java-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64, we will install it as follows:

yum install java-1.7.0-openjdk.x86_64

Check the version of java as follows:

java -version
[root@server1 ~]# java -version
java version "1.7.0_65"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (rhel- u65-b17)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 24.65-b04, mixed mode)
[root@server1 ~]#

Proceeding further we need some essential packages. CentOS don't come with ifconfig command, so we will install net-tools and other packages as follows:

yum install net-tools unzip wget

Now we will download the latest Tomcat version from its home page and install it as:

cd /opt
mv apache-tomcat-8.0.9 tomcat

Unzip it and set the environment variables by creating a file in /etc/profile.d/ as:

vi /etc/profile.d/

Give the entries as follows:

export CLASSPATH=.

Now we will give execute permissions to the file:

chmod +x /etc/profile.d/

Further we will make the environment variables permanent as by running:

source /etc/profile.d/

Again before starting Tomcat service, we will provide executable permissions to following files:

chmod +x $CATALINA_HOME/bin/
chmod +x $CATALINA_HOME/bin/
chmod +x $CATALINA_HOME/bin/

Now we need to start Tomcat service by using:

[root@server1 ~]# $CATALINA_HOME/bin/
Using CATALINA_BASE:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /usr
Using CLASSPATH:       /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.
[root@server1 ~]#

It will start the Tomcat server, we can also check by using:

netstat -an | grep 8080
[root@server1 ~]# netstat -an | grep 8080
tcp6       0      0 :::8080                 :::*                    LISTEN    
[root@server1 ~]#

In CentOS 7.0 we have different policy for the firewall-cmd, we will override it by using:

firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=8080/tcp --permanent
firewall-cmd --reload

Setup User account

Finally we need to create user accounts to secure and access admin/manager pages. Edit conf/tomcat-users.xml file in your editor and paste inside <tomcat-users> </tomcat-users> tags

vi  $CATALINA_HOME/conf/tomcat-users.xml

<!-- NOTE: The sample user and role entries below are wrapped in a comment and thus are ignored when reading this file. Do not forget to remove <!.. ..> that surrounds them. --> <!-- <role rolename="tomcat"/> <role rolename="role1"/> <user username="tomcat" password="tomcat" roles="tomcat"/> <user username="both" password="tomcat" roles="tomcat,role1"/> <user username="role1" password="tomcat" roles="role1"/> --> <role rolename="manager-gui"/> <role rolename="manager-script"/> <role rolename="manager-jmx"/> <role rolename="manager-status"/> <role rolename="admin-gui"/> <role rolename="admin-script"/> <user username="admin" password="admin" roles="manager-gui,manager-script,manager-jmx,manager-status,admin-gui,admin-script"/> </tomcat-users>

In above configuration I have used username=admin and password=admin, you can make the changes as per your choice. Then we need to stop/start the Tomcat service:

./bin/ stop
[root@server1 tomcat]# ./bin/ stop
Using CATALINA_BASE:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /usr
Using CLASSPATH:       /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
[root@server1 tomcat]#

Then start the service:

./bin/ start
[root@server1 tomcat]# ./bin/ start
Using CATALINA_BASE:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_HOME:   /opt/tomcat
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/temp
Using JRE_HOME:        /usr
Using CLASSPATH:       /opt/tomcat/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.
[root@server1 tomcat]#

Now access the page for login at

Your login password for the administrative right are as username=admin and password=admin.  Click on Manager App:


Congratulations we have a working Tomcat Server installed in CentOS 7.0 :)

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