The Perfect Desktop - OpenSUSE 11 (GNOME)

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Thu, 2008-06-26 15:43. :: SuSE | Desktop

The Perfect Desktop - OpenSUSE 11 (GNOME)

Version 1.0
Author: Falko Timme <ft [at] falkotimme [dot] com>
Last edited 06/26/2008

This tutorial shows how you can set up an OpenSUSE 11 desktop that is a full-fledged replacement for a Windows desktop, i.e. that has all the software that people need to do the things they do on their Windows desktops. The advantages are clear: you get a secure system without DRM restrictions that works even on old hardware, and the best thing is: all software comes free of charge.

I want to say first that this is not the only way of setting up such a system. There are many ways of achieving this goal but this is the way I take. I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

 

1 Preliminary Note

To fully replace a Windows desktop, I want the OpenSUSE 11 desktop to have the following software installed:

Graphics:

  • The GIMP - free software replacement for Adobe Photoshop
  • F-Spot - full-featured personal photo management application for the GNOME desktop
  • Google Picasa - application for organizing and editing digital photos

Internet:

  • Firefox
  • Opera
  • Flash Player 9
  • Filezilla - multithreaded FTP client
  • Thunderbird - email and news client
  • Evolution - combines e-mail, calendar, address book, and task list management functions
  • aMule - P2P file sharing application
  • Azureus/Vuze - Java Bittorrent client
  • Monsoon - Bittorrent client
  • Pidgin- multi-platform instant messaging client (formerly known as Gaim)
  • Skype
  • Google Earth
  • Xchat IRC - IRC client

Office:

  • OpenOffice Writer - replacement for Microsoft Word
  • OpenOffice Calc - replacement for Microsoft Excel
  • Adobe Reader
  • GnuCash - double-entry book-keeping personal finance system, similar to Quicken
  • Scribus - open source desktop publishing (DTP) application

Sound & Video:

  • Amarok - audio player
  • Audacity - free, open source, cross platform digital audio editor
  • Banshee - audio player, can encode/decode various formats and synchronize music with Apple iPods
  • MPlayer - media player (video/audio), supports WMA
  • Rhythmbox Music Player - audio player, similar to Apple's iTunes, with support for iPods
  • gtkPod - software similar to Apple's iTunes, supports iPod, iPod nano, iPod shuffle, iPod photo, and iPod mini
  • XMMS - audio player similar to Winamp
  • dvd::rip - full featured DVD copy program
  • Sound Juicer CD Extractor - CD ripping tool, supports various audio codecs
  • VLC Media Player - media player (video/audio)
  • Real Player
  • Totem - media player (video/audio)
  • Xine - media player, supports various formats; can play DVDs
  • Brasero - CD/DVD burning program
  • K3B - CD/DVD burning program
  • Multimedia-Codecs

Programming:

  • Bluefish - text editor, suitable for many programming and markup languages
  • Nvu - WYSIWYG HTML editor, similar to Macromedia Dreamweaver, but not as feature-rich (yet)
  • Quanta Plus - web development environment, including a WYSIWYG editor

Other:

  • VMware Server - lets you run your old Windows desktop as a virtual machine under your Linux desktop, so you don't have to entirely abandon Windows
  • TrueType fonts
  • Java
  • Read/Write support for NTFS partitions

As you might have noticed, a few applications are redundant, for example there are two CD/DVD burning applications in my list (Brasero, K3B). If you know which one you like best, you obviously don't need to install the other applications, however if you like choice, then of course you can install both. The same goes for music players like Amarok, Banshee, Rhythmbox, XMMS or browsers (Firefox, Opera).

I'm using the OpenSUSE 11 GNOME Live-CD in this tutorial to set up the system. You can download it here: http://download.opensuse.org/distribution/11.0/iso/cd/openSUSE-11.0-GNOME-LiveCD-i386.iso.

I will use the username falko in this tutorial, and I will download all necessary files to falko's desktop which is equivalent to the directory /home/falko/Desktop. If you use another username (which you most probably do ;-)), please replace falko with your own username. So when I use a command like

cd /home/falko/Desktop

you must replace falko.

 

2 Installing The Base System

Download the OpenSUSE 11 GNOME Live-CD iso image from http://download.opensuse.org/distribution/11.0/iso/cd/openSUSE-11.0-GNOME-LiveCD-i386.iso, burn it onto a CD, and boot your computer from it:

Select openSUSE-11.0:

Before the live desktop starts, you will see this message. Click on Close to proceed:

This is how the live desktop looks. Click on the Live Installer icon to start the installation:

The installer starts. Select your language and keyboard layout and accept the license:

Select your time zone:

On the partitioning screen, you can either customize the partitioning, or you accept the default partitioning (which is also available as LVM - select LVM Based if you'd like to use the default partitioning with LVM):

Create a user account for yourself. If you check Use this password for system administrator, your user password will also be the root password:

Before the actual installation begins, the installer displays a summary of your settings. If the settings are ok, click on the Install button:

Confirm that you want to begin the installation - the hard drive will be formatted:

The hard drive is being formatted:

An OpenSUSE 11 image with default settings is now being copied to the hard drive:

After the instaltion, the installer asks you to reboot the system (without the LiveCD):

To do so, go to Computer > Shutdown:

Select Restart. Before the system boots up again, please remove the LiveCD from the CD drive.


Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum.
Comments will be published after administrator approval.
Submitted by George (not registered) on Wed, 2008-09-17 10:58.

I have used KDE 3.5 for long time. Now I switched to Gnome and I miss the short key functionality. I have installed Xbindkeys. I believe that a perfect desktop needs short key functionality.

Excellent job 

George

Submitted by easgs (not registered) on Sat, 2008-09-13 00:07.

I have created a Multimedia Pack portable for Open Suse 11, the included programs and codecs are:

1)  kchmviewer
2)  mplayer, mplayer plugin
3)  audacious
4)  k3b, k3b-codecs
5)  sox
6)  devede
7)  audacity
8)  avidemux
9)  ffmpeg
10) transcode
11) ntfs-config
12) vlc
13) libdvdcss
14) w32codecs
15) xine
16) xmms
17) dvdShrink
18) k9copy
19) Gtkpod
20) Acetoneiso
21) Furiousiso
22) DVD::RIP
23) Amarok
24) Kaffeine
25) kmplayer
26) Kdvdcreator
27) K3guitune
28) Kdvdauth
29) DVDAuthorWizard
30) Kguitar
31) Mjpegtools
32) Soundconverter
33) Gdvdcreator
34) Asunder
35) Brasero
36) Smplayer
37) LMMS
38) winff
39) KmediaFactory
40) DVD2Xvid

you can install any of the above without internet, they include all the dependencies, just unzip the both files into a folder named MMP2008 and create a repository from that folder as a simple rpm folder in yast, then make a search in the yast installer with the name of the program and check it to install it, this is very important if you don`t have internet at home, and besides, by default Open Suse doesn`t include several codecs due to license matters.

I created a blog about the MMP 2008 where you can download the pack:

http://easgs.wordpress.com/category/multimedia-pack-2008-for-open-suse-11/

Submitted by tmcarson1 (registered user) on Sat, 2008-08-16 21:46.

Thank you for this great tutorial!

 I was able to get Opensuse 11.0 configured with everything I need just by following this article, I appreciate your time in making it!