Virtual Hosting With PureFTPd And MySQL (Incl. Quota And Bandwidth Management) - Page 2

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Sat, 2005-10-22 17:53. ::

4 Configure PureFTPd

Edit /etc/pure-ftpd/db/mysql.conf. It should look like this:

MYSQLSocket      /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
#MYSQLServer localhost
#MYSQLPort 3306
MYSQLUser pureftpd
MYSQLPassword ftpdpass
MYSQLDatabase pureftpd
#MYSQLCrypt md5, cleartext, crypt() or password() - md5 is VERY RECOMMENDABLE uppon cleartext
MYSQLCrypt md5
MYSQLGetPW SELECT Password FROM ftpd WHERE User="\L" AND status="1" AND (ipaccess = "*" OR ipaccess LIKE "\R")
MYSQLGetUID SELECT Uid FROM ftpd WHERE User="\L" AND status="1" AND (ipaccess = "*" OR ipaccess LIKE "\R")
MYSQLGetGID SELECT Gid FROM ftpd WHERE User="\L"AND status="1" AND (ipaccess = "*" OR ipaccess LIKE "\R")
MYSQLGetDir SELECT Dir FROM ftpd WHERE User="\L"AND status="1" AND (ipaccess = "*" OR ipaccess LIKE "\R")
MySQLGetBandwidthUL SELECT ULBandwidth FROM ftpd WHERE User="\L"AND status="1" AND (ipaccess = "*" OR ipaccess LIKE "\R")
MySQLGetBandwidthDL SELECT DLBandwidth FROM ftpd WHERE User="\L"AND status="1" AND (ipaccess = "*" OR ipaccess LIKE "\R")
MySQLGetQTASZ SELECT QuotaSize FROM ftpd WHERE User="\L"AND status="1" AND (ipaccess = "*" OR ipaccess LIKE "\R")
MySQLGetQTAFS SELECT QuotaFiles FROM ftpd WHERE User="\L"AND status="1" AND (ipaccess = "*" OR ipaccess LIKE "\R")

Make sure that you replace the string ftpdpass with the real password for the MySQL user pureftpd in the line MYSQLPassword! Please note that we use md5 as MYSQLCrypt method, which means we will store the users' passwords as an MD5 string in the database which is far more secure than using plain text passwords!

Then create the file /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/ChrootEveryone which simply contains the string yes:

yes

This will make PureFTPd chroot every virtual user in his home directory so he will not be able to browse directories and files outside his home directory.

Also create the file /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/CreateHomeDir which again simply contains the string yes:

yes

This will make PureFTPd create a user's home directory when the user logs in and the home directory does not exist yet.

Finally, restart PureFTPd:

/etc/init.d/pure-ftpd-mysql restart

5 Populate The Database And Test

To populate the database you can use the MySQL shell:

mysql -u root -p
USE pureftpd;

Now we create the user exampleuser with the status 1 (which means his ftp account is active), the password secret (which will be stored encrypted using MySQL's MD5 function), the UID and GID 2001 (use the userid and groupid of the user/group you created at the end of step two!), the home directory /home/www.example.com, an upload and download bandwidth of 100 KB/sec. (kilobytes per second), and a quota of 50 MB:

INSERT INTO `ftpd` (`User`, `status`, `Password`, `Uid`, `Gid`, `Dir`, `ULBandwidth`, `DLBandwidth`, `comment`, `ipaccess`, `QuotaSize`, `QuotaFiles`) VALUES ('exampleuser', '1', MD5('secret'), '2001', '2001', '/home/www.example.com', '100', '100', '', '*', '50', '0');

Now open your FTP client program on your work station (something like WS_FTP or SmartFTP if you are on a Windows system) and try to connect. As hostname you use server1.example.com (or the IP address of the system), the username is exampleuser, and the password is secret.

If you are able to connect - congratulations! If not, something went wrong.

Now, if you run

ls -l /home

you should see that the directory /home/www.example.com (exampleuser's home directory) has been automatically created, and it belongs to ftpuser and ftpgroup (the user/group we created at the end of step two).

To leave the MySQL shell, type

quit;


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Submitted by Julian Cvetkov (not registered) on Sun, 2009-02-22 13:10.

Dear HOW TO provider,

In the query for 'ftpd' table creation you are using 'TYPE=' for table engine definition. But in the newer versions of mysql TYPE is deprecated and from now on mysql is using 'ENGINE='.

Regards...

Submitted by Markus K (not registered) on Wed, 2009-02-04 12:29.

I have installed pure-ftpd with aptitude on Debian Etch. aptitude did not ask me how to start pure-ftpd (inetd or standalone).

 But in the file "/etc/default/pure-ftpd-common" you can manually set "STANDALONE_OR_INETD=standalone"

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Wed, 2005-11-09 12:05.
automatic home creation does not work any comments? i created test with home: /var/www/vhosts/ehcp.net/test but, when i try to connect using ftp, it says, home is not available, abortig. ??? bvidinli [at] iyibirisi [dot] com
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Wed, 2005-10-26 14:51.

Hi,

I have this error message when I try to do the first restart (point 4):

Restarting ftp server: Running: /usr/sbin/pure-ftpd-mysql -l mysql:/etc/pure-ftpd/db/mysql.conf -l pam -u 1000 -A -O clf:/var/log/pure-ftpd/transfer.log -j -B
421 Configuration error: Invalid SQL configuration file: /etc/pure-ftpd/db/mysql.conf

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Fri, 2006-06-09 21:42.

I got the same error message, and when I looked thru the conf file (/etc/pure-ftpd/db/mysql.conf) I found a syntax error:

M#YSQLDefaultUID 1000

In that line, the # sign should be the first character. So, this line:

#MYSQLDefaultUID 1000

works OK for me.