Postfix SMTP Authentication - On The Secure Port Only

Want to support HowtoForge? Become a subscriber!
 
Submitted by linuxscooter (Contact Author) (Forums) on Fri, 2008-12-12 16:21. :: Postfix

Postfix SMTP Authentication - On The Secure Port Only

So let's say your users are going away for holidays but need to use your mailserver to relay mail from outside the organisation... Let's set up SMTP authentication for the secure port only and allow access to this from outside your network.

[yourserver = server hostname]
[your-ip = your server's IP address]

cd /etc/postfix
vi main.cf

Paste under mynetworks:

####### smtp auth
smtpd_tls_auth_only = no
smtp_use_tls = yes
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable =   yes
smtpd_sasl_type = cyrus
local_recipient_maps =
smtpd_use_tls = yes
smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer   = yes
smtpd_tls_key_file =   /etc/postfix/ssl/smtpd.key
smtpd_tls_cert_file =   /etc/postfix/ssl/smtpd.crt
smtpd_tls_CAfile =   /etc/postfix/ssl/cacert.pem
smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1
smtpd_tls_received_header   = yes
smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout   = 3600s
tls_random_source =   dev:/dev/urandom
########

Then:

vi master.cf

Paste under smtp:

smtps   inet n   -   n   - - smtpd
      -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
      -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_sender=yes
      -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
      -o broken_sasl_auth_clients=yes

Check the smtpd.conf file and amend it:

locate smtpd.conf
vi /usr/lib/sasl2/smtpd.conf

Delete the contents of the file and paste into it:

pwcheck_method: saslauthd
mech_list: plain login

To check the SASL available mechanisms run:

saslauthd -V

Set SASL authentication to start at system boot:

chkconfig --levels 235 saslauthd on

Set up the encryption keys:

mkdir /etc/postfix/ssl
cd ssl/
openssl genrsa -des3 -rand /etc/hosts -out smtpd.key 1024
chmod 600 smtpd.key
openssl req -new -key smtpd.key -out smtpd.csr
openssl x509 -req -days 3650 -in smtpd.csr -signkey smtpd.key -out smtpd.crt
openssl rsa -in smtpd.key -out smtpd.key.unencrypted
mv -f smtpd.key.unencrypted smtpd.key
openssl req -new -x509 -extensions v3_ca -keyout cakey.pem -out cacert.pem -days 3650

Set up the client certificate for importing into Internet Explorer (for Outlook) / Thunderbird (this will suppress warnings about using a self signed certificate):

openssl pkcs12 -export -in smtpd.crt -inkey smtpd.key -out OutlookSMTP.p12

Reload the config:

postfix reload

Finally insert a relevant iptables rule to access from outside using your firewall script:

$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $EXTIF -p tcp -s $UNIVERSE -d $EXTIP --destination-port 465 -j ACCEPT

Or if your mail server is behind a firewall (Assuming the LAN address of your server is 10.10.1.4), add these rules on your firewall:

$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -i   $EXTIF -p tcp --dport 465 -d 10.10.1.4 -o $INTIF -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A FORWARD -o   $EXTIF -p tcp --sport 465 -s 10.10.1.4 -i $INTIF -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -t nat -A PREROUTING -i $EXTIF -p tcp -d $EXTIP2 --dport 465 -j DNAT --to 10.10.1.4:465

Done!

 

Testing

Check if the port is listening:

netstat -ntpl | grep master

tcp     0    0     127.0.0.1:10025  0.0.0.0:*      LISTEN   8366/master
tcp     0    0     0.0.0.0:465      0.0.0.0:*      LISTEN   8366/master
tcp     0    0     0.0.0.0:25       0.0.0.0:*      LISTEN    8366/master

Test if TLS and AUTH is working:

telnet localhost 465

[root@ls1 postfix]# telnet localhost 465
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is '^]'.
220 yourserver ESMTP Postfix
ehlo me
250-yourserver
250-PIPELINING
250-SIZE 10240000
250-VRFY
250-ETRN
250-STARTTLS
250-AUTH LOGIN PLAIN
250-AUTH=LOGIN PLAIN
250 8BITMIME
^]
telnet> quit
Connection closed.
[root@ls1 postfix]#

To test further create an account and attain the Base64 Mime password with mmencode or the following perl script:

#!/usr/bin/perl
use strict;
use MIME::Base64;
if ( $#ARGV !=1) {
  die "Usage: encode_sasl_plain.pl <username> <password>n";
}
print encode_base64("$ARGV[0]?$ARGV[0]?$ARGV[1]");
exit 0;

Generate the Mime password:

encode_sasl_plain.pl <username> <password>

Y2FtZXJvbnMAY2FtZXJvbnMAdGVzdGluZzA4

telnet localhost 465

Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is '^]'.
220 yourserver ESMTP Postfix
ehlo me
250-yourserver
250-PIPELINING
250-SIZE 10240000
250-VRFY
250-ETRN
250-STARTTLS
250-AUTH PLAIN LOGIN
250-AUTH=PLAIN LOGIN
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-8BITMIME
250 DSN
AUTH PLAIN Y2FtZXJvbnMAY2FtZXJvbnMAdGVzdGluZzA4
235 2.0.0 Authentication successful

**If the authentication is not successful, you may have to change the MECH value in /etc/sysconfig/saslauthd and /etc/init.d/saslauthd.

Possible values are listed with the command

saslauthd -V

and restart saslauthd:

/etc/init.d/saslauthd restart

Test the connection from outside:

telnet yourserver 465

cameron@cs:~$ telnet yourserver 465
Trying your-ip...
Connected to yourserver.
Escape character is '^]'.
220 yourserver ESMTP Postfix
ehlo me
250-yourserver
250-PIPELINING
250-SIZE 10240000
250-VRFY
250-ETRN
250-STARTTLS
250-AUTH PLAIN LOGIN
250-AUTH=PLAIN LOGIN
250-ENHANCEDSTATUSCODES
250-8BITMIME
250 DSN
AUTH PLAIN Y2FtZXJvbnMAY2FtZXJvbnMAdGVzdGluZzA4
235 2.0.0 Authentication successful

To test further, set up an account in Evolution / Thunderbird / Outlook and test the SMTP with the username and password you set up earlier.

Remember that because you are using a self signed certifcate, your email client will prompt you each time about an untrusted certificate so you can use the client certificate you created to suppress these warnings.

For Thunderbird, if you are really lazy you can even install this addon.


Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum.
Comments will be published after administrator approval.
Submitted by George (not registered) on Thu, 2010-11-25 05:29.

So I setup a full email server using postfix. I found this tutorial so that I could allow my server to send outgoing through my smtp.

Here is the problem, everything is connecting now and I can see its connected properly, however it times out while sending the message. I get this message.

Sending of message failed.
The message could not be sent because the connection to SMTP server rooomies.com timed out. Try again or contact your network administrator.

 Using Thunderbird

Submitted by Emil M (registered user) on Fri, 2009-12-11 15:18.

chkconfig --levels 235 saslauthd on

should be

chkconfig --level 235 saslauthd on

without the s on levels

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Fri, 2008-12-19 04:27.

Hello,

Thank you for wrapping this up.

I was wondering why you pass options to smtpd in the master.cf file rather than using the same options in main.cf.

Also, I wanted to point to a related article that describes how to setup GSSAPI authentication for Postfix.

Submitted by linuxscooter (registered user) on Fri, 2008-12-19 16:35.
This was the easiest, fastest way I managed to get this working so don't ask me, I just wrote the thing;)
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Sat, 2012-10-27 13:08.
I have spent 3 days trying to get smtp on postfix to work. This simple guide has made it work in under 5 minutes, thank you!