Intrusion Detection With BASE And Snort

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Submitted by edge (Contact Author) (Forums) on Sun, 2006-07-09 08:29. :: Monitoring | Security

Intrusion Detection With BASE And Snort

This tutorial shows how to install and configure BASE (Basic Analysis and Security Engine) and the Snort intrusion detection system (IDS) on a Debian Sarge system. BASE provides a web front-end to query and analyze the alerts coming from a Snort IDS system. With BASE you can perform analysis of intrusions that Snort has detected on your network.

Scenario: A linux server running Debian Sarge 3.1 setup according to Falko's - The Perfect Setup - Debian Sarge (3.1).
Let's assume we have one working website (www.example.com) and that the document root is: /var/www/www.example.com/web
The IP of the server is 192.168.0.5 and it's using eth0 as network interface name.

Needed programs and files

  • Snort
  • Snort rules
  • PCRE (Perl Compatible Regular Expressions)
  • LIBPCAP
  • BASE (Basic Analysis and Security Engine)
  • ADOdb (ADOdb Database Abstraction Library for PHP (and Python).)

Downloading and untaring

We need a temporary place for all the files that we are going to download, and untar.
To keep things simple we will create a directory in the /root named snorttemp. (It's obvious that this download directory can be any name and in anyplace)

cd /root
mkdir snorttemp
cd snorttemp

Now you need to get Snort.
The latest version at the time of writing this is 2.6.0

wget http://www.snort.org/dl/current/snort-2.6.0.tar.gz

When the download is finished untar the file:

tar -xvzf snort-2.6.0.tar.gz

And let’s remove the tar file:

rm snort-2.6.0.tar.gz

We also need the Snort rules!
Go to: http://www.snort.org/pub-bin/downloads.cgi and scroll down till you see the "Sourcefire VRT Certified Rules - The Official Snort Ruleset (unregistered user release)" rules
(If you are a member of the forum you can also download the - registered user release):

wget http://www.snort.org/pub-bin/downloads.cgi/Download/vrt_pr/snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz

Move the snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz into the snort-2.6.0 map:

mv snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz /root/snorttemp/snort-2.6.0

and cd into snort-2.6.0:

cd snort-2.6.0

Untar the snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz file:

tar -xvzf snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz

Remove the tar file:

rm snortrules-pr-2.4.tar.gz

We are done downloading the files needed to get Snort to work.

To make snort work with BASE, we need more!

PCRE - Perl Compatible Regular Expressions.

Go to: http://www.pcre.org/ and select a download link for the pcre-6.3tar.gz file to download PCRE (at time of writing this it is pcre-6.3.tar.gz)
cd back to the snorttemp map:

cd /root/snorttemp

and download the pcre-6.3.tar.gz file:

wget http://surfnet.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/pcre/pcre-6.3.tar.gz

Untar the file:

tar -xvzf pcre-6.3.tar.gz

Remove the tar:

rm pcre-6.3.tar.gz


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