Setting Up Master-Master Replication On Four Nodes With MySQL 5 On Debian Etch - Page 2

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Tue, 2008-11-18 18:12. ::

4 Setting Up Replication

Now we set up master-master replication in /etc/mysql/my.cnf. The crucial configuration options for master-master replication are auto_increment_increment and auto_increment_offset:

  • auto_increment_increment controls the increment between successive AUTO_INCREMENT values.
  • auto_increment_offset determines the starting point for AUTO_INCREMENT column values.

Let's assume we have N MySQL nodes (N=4 in this example), then auto_increment_increment has the value N on all nodes, and each node must have a different value for auto_increment_offset (1, 2, ..., N).

We also need to configure log-slave-updates because otherwise replication will work only, for example, from server1 to server2, but not to server3 and server4.

Now let's configure our four MySQL nodes:

server1:

vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf

Search for the section that starts with [mysqld], and put the following options into it (commenting out all existing conflicting options):

[...]
[mysqld]
server-id = 1
replicate-same-server-id = 0
auto-increment-increment = 4
auto-increment-offset = 1

master-host = 192.168.0.103
master-user = slaveuser_for_s1
master-password = slave_user_for_server1_password
master-connect-retry = 60
replicate-do-db = exampledb

log-bin = /var/log/mysql/mysql-bin.log
binlog-do-db = exampledb
log-slave-updates

relay-log = /var/lib/mysql/slave-relay.log
relay-log-index = /var/lib/mysql/slave-relay-log.index

expire_logs_days        = 10
max_binlog_size         = 500M
[...]

Then restart MySQL:

/etc/init.d/mysql restart

Now do the same on server2...

server2:

vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf

[...]
[mysqld]
server-id = 2
replicate-same-server-id = 0
auto-increment-increment = 4
auto-increment-offset = 2

master-host = 192.168.0.100
master-user = slaveuser_for_s2
master-password = slave_user_for_server2_password
master-connect-retry = 60
replicate-do-db = exampledb

log-bin= /var/log/mysql/mysql-bin.log
binlog-do-db = exampledb
log-slave-updates

relay-log = /var/lib/mysql/slave-relay.log
relay-log-index = /var/lib/mysql/slave-relay-log.index

expire_logs_days        = 10
max_binlog_size         = 500M
[...]

/etc/init.d/mysql restart

...server3...

server3:

vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf

[...]
[mysqld]	  
server-id = 3
replicate-same-server-id = 0
auto-increment-increment = 4
auto-increment-offset = 3

master-host = 192.168.0.101
master-user = slaveuser_for_s3
master-password = slave_user_for_server3_password
master-connect-retry = 60
replicate-do-db = exampledb

log-bin= /var/log/mysql/mysql-bin.log
binlog-do-db = exampledb
log-slave-updates

relay-log = /var/lib/mysql/slave-relay.log
relay-log-index = /var/lib/mysql/slave-relay-log.index

expire_logs_days        = 10
max_binlog_size         = 500M
[...]

/etc/init.d/mysql restart

... and server4:

server4:

vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf

[...]
[mysqld]	  
server-id = 4
replicate-same-server-id = 0
auto-increment-increment = 4
auto-increment-offset = 4

master-host = 192.168.0.102
master-user = slaveuser_for_s4
master-password = slave_user_for_server4_password
master-connect-retry = 60
replicate-do-db = exampledb

log-bin= /var/log/mysql/mysql-bin.log
binlog-do-db = exampledb
log-slave-updates

relay-log = /var/lib/mysql/slave-relay.log
relay-log-index = /var/lib/mysql/slave-relay-log.index

expire_logs_days        = 10
max_binlog_size         = 500M
[...]

/etc/init.d/mysql restart

Before we continue, we must make sure that no slave processes are running on server1 to server4:

server1/server2/server3/server4:

/usr/bin/mysqladmin --user=root --password=yourrootsqlpassword stop-slave

Next we lock the exampledb database on server1, find out about the master status of server1, create an SQL dump of exampledb (that we will import into exampledb on server2, server3, and server4 so that all four databases contain the same data), and unlock the database so that it can be used again:

server1:

mysql -u root -p

On the MySQL shell, run the following commands:

server1:

USE exampledb;
FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK;
SHOW MASTER STATUS;

The last command should show something like this (please write it down, we'll need it later on):

mysql> SHOW MASTER STATUS;
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
| File             | Position | Binlog_Do_DB | Binlog_Ignore_DB |
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
| mysql-bin.000010 |       98 | exampledb    |                  |
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

Now don't leave the MySQL shell, because if you leave it, the database lock will be removed, and this is not what we want right now because we must create a database dump now. While the MySQL shell is still open, we open a second command line window where we create the SQL dump snapshot.sql and transfer it to server2, server3, and server4 (using scp):

server1:

cd /tmp
mysqldump -u root -pyourrootsqlpassword --opt exampledb > snapshot.sql
scp snapshot.sql root@192.168.0.101:/tmp

scp snapshot.sql root@192.168.0.102:/tmp

scp snapshot.sql root@192.168.0.103:/tmp

Afterwards, you can close the second command line window. On the first command line window, we can now unlock the database and leave the MySQL shell:

server1:

UNLOCK TABLES;
quit;

 

4.1 Setting Up Replication On server2

(This chapter is for server2 only!)

On server2, we can now import the SQL dump snapshot.sql like this:

server2:

/usr/bin/mysqladmin --user=root --password=yourrootsqlpassword stop-slave
cd /tmp
mysql -u root -pyourrootsqlpassword exampledb < snapshot.sql

Afterwards, we must find out about the master status of server2 as well and write it down:

mysql -u root -p

USE exampledb;
FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK;

SHOW MASTER STATUS;

mysql> SHOW MASTER STATUS;
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
| File             | Position | Binlog_Do_DB | Binlog_Ignore_DB |
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
| mysql-bin.000010 |     1067 | exampledb    |                  |
+------------------+----------+--------------+------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

Then unlock the tables:

UNLOCK TABLES;

and run the following command to make server2 a slave of server1 (it is important that you replace the values in the following command with the values you got from the SHOW MASTER STATUS; command that we ran on server1!):

CHANGE MASTER TO MASTER_HOST='192.168.0.100', MASTER_USER='slaveuser_for_s2', MASTER_PASSWORD='slave_user_for_server2_password', MASTER_LOG_FILE='mysql-bin.000010', MASTER_LOG_POS=98;

Finally start the slave:

START SLAVE;

Then check the slave status:

SHOW SLAVE STATUS \G

It is important that both Slave_IO_Running and Slave_SQL_Running have the value Yes in the output (otherwise something went wrong, and you should check your setup again and take a look at /var/log/syslog to find out about any errors):

mysql> SHOW SLAVE STATUS \G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
             Slave_IO_State: Waiting for master to send event
                Master_Host: 192.168.0.100
                Master_User: slaveuser_for_s2
                Master_Port: 3306
              Connect_Retry: 60
            Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000010
        Read_Master_Log_Pos: 98
             Relay_Log_File: slave-relay.000002
              Relay_Log_Pos: 235
      Relay_Master_Log_File: mysql-bin.000010
           Slave_IO_Running: Yes
          Slave_SQL_Running: Yes
            Replicate_Do_DB: exampledb
        Replicate_Ignore_DB:
         Replicate_Do_Table:
     Replicate_Ignore_Table:
    Replicate_Wild_Do_Table:
Replicate_Wild_Ignore_Table:
                 Last_Errno: 0
                 Last_Error:
               Skip_Counter: 0
        Exec_Master_Log_Pos: 98
            Relay_Log_Space: 235
            Until_Condition: None
             Until_Log_File:
              Until_Log_Pos: 0
         Master_SSL_Allowed: No
         Master_SSL_CA_File:
         Master_SSL_CA_Path:
            Master_SSL_Cert:
          Master_SSL_Cipher:
             Master_SSL_Key:
      Seconds_Behind_Master: 0
1 row in set (0.01 sec)

mysql>

Afterwards, you can leave the MySQL shell on server2:

quit

Now the replication from server1 to server2 is set up. Next we must configure replication from server2 to server3.


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