Set Up A Linux Playstation 3 Media Server (Ubuntu Hardy Heron)

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Submitted by topdog (Contact Author) (Forums) on Fri, 2008-05-02 15:50. :: Linux | Ubuntu

Set Up A Linux Playstation 3 Media Server (Ubuntu Hardy Heron)

Version 1.0
Author: Andrew Colin Kissa <andrew [at] topdog [dot] za [dot] net>
Last edited 26/04/2008

Introduction

The Sony Play station 3 is a DLNA compatible device, DLNA is a framework where home electronics can share digital media and content seamlessly. This tutorial will provide instructions on setting up your Ubuntu hardy computer to share your video, music and photos, allowing you to play them through your DLNA compatible devices. Although several other open source media servers exist, i chose to use Fuppes due to its built in support for transcoding.

 

Requirements

  • Sony Play station 3 console (or other DLNA capable console/device)
  • Computer running ubuntu linux with working WLAN interface
  • Wireless LAN
  • Working internet connection (to download package)
  • Media to be shared

 

Installation

  • Download and install the fuppes debian package that i have packaged

wget http://www.topdog-software.com/oss/fuppes/fuppes_0+svn611-1_i386.deb
dpkg -i fuppes_0+svn611-1_i386.deb

 

Configuration

  • Edit the fuppes configuration file /etc/fuppes/fuppes.cfg and the the interface option, in my case i will be using the ip address 192.168.1.1.
  <interface>192.168.1.1</interface>
  • Start fuppes and point your browser to http://192.168.1.1:56596

/etc/init.d/fuppes restart

  • Select configuration on the menu on the left
  • Under "ContentDirectory settings" -> Add objects, Type the name of the directory you want to share media from (you can also share an itunes db) then click "submit query"
  • Add as many directories as you want; I added the following

/home/andrew/Videos
/home/andrew/Music
/home/andrew/Pictures

  • Rebuild the media database
  • Select Options on the menu on the left
  • Click "rebuild database"
  • Monitor the status of the rebuild on the status page, you will see the counters increase as you media is indexed.
  • Configure multicast route on your machine for the media server to be found by clients, create a file /etc/network/if-up.d/fuppes with the following content (substitute the interface for the one you are using on your machine)
#!/bin/bash
#
# in this case eth1 is my WLAN interface change to match yours
if [ "$IFACE" = "eth1" ]; then
        ip ro add 239.0.0.0/8 dev eth1
        /etc/init.d/fuppes restart &>/dev/null
fi

 

Testing

Sony Play Station 3

Connect to your PS3 and go to Video and then select search for media servers, if all went well you should find your media server named fuppes, select that and go to a folder with videos select and play. Repeat this procedure for your music and picture.

 

Nokia N95

Go to tools -> Connectivity -> Home media -> Browse media. You N95 will connect to the WLAN and begin searching and should find your fuppes media server, select it and you will see your folders, From there you can play your media and view your content or copy it to your device.

 

Xbox

Fuppes does support Xbox as well, I have not used it however as I do not own one.

 

Sample configuration files

  • /etc/fuppes/fuppes.cfg
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<fuppes_config version="0.7.2.3">
  <shared_objects>
  <dir>/home/andrew/Music</dir>
  <dir>/home/andrew/Videos</dir>
  <dir>/home/andrew/Pictures</dir>
  </shared_objects>
  <network>
    <!--empty = automatic detection-->
    <interface>192.168.1.1</interface>
    <!--empty or 0 = random port-->
    <http_port>56596</http_port>
    <!--list of ip addresses allowed to access fuppes. if empty all ips are allowed-->
    <allowed_ips>
      <!--<ip>192.168.0.1</ip>-->
    </allowed_ips>
  </network>
  <content_directory>
    <!--a list of possible charsets can be found under:
      http://www.gnu.org/software/libiconv/-->
    <local_charset>UTF-8</local_charset>
    <!--libs used for metadata extraction when building the database. [true|false]-->
    <use_imagemagick>true</use_imagemagick>
    <use_taglib>true</use_taglib>
    <use_libavformat>true</use_libavformat>
  </content_directory>
  <transcoding>
    <!--[lame|twolame]-->
    <audio_encoder>lame</audio_encoder>
    <!--[true|false]-->
    <transcode_vorbis>true</transcode_vorbis>
    <transcode_musepack>true</transcode_musepack>
    <transcode_flac>true</transcode_flac>
  </transcoding>
  <device_settings>
    <!--"default" settings are inhertied by specific devices and can be overwritten-->
    <device name="default">
      <!--specify the maximum length for file names (0 or empty = unlimited)-->
      <max_file_name_length>0</max_file_name_length>
      <!--[file|container]-->
      <playlist_style>file</playlist_style>
      <show_childcount_in_title>false</show_childcount_in_title>
      <enable_dlna>true</enable_dlna>
      <transcoding_release_delay>4</transcoding_release_delay>
      <file_settings>
        <!--audio files-->
        <file ext="mp3">
          <type>AUDIO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>audio/mpeg</mime_type>
          <dlna>MP3</dlna>
        </file>
        <file ext="ogg">
          <type>AUDIO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>application/octet-stream</mime_type>
          <transcode enabled="true">
            <ext>mp3</ext>
            <mime_type>audio/mpeg</mime_type>
            <dlna>MP3</dlna>
            <http_encoding>chunked</http_encoding>
            <decoder>vorbis</decoder>
            <encoder>lame</encoder>
            <bitrate>192</bitrate>
            <samplerate>44100</samplerate>
          </transcode>
        </file>
        <file ext="mpc">
          <type>AUDIO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>application/octet-stream</mime_type>
          <transcode enabled="true">
            <ext>mp3</ext>
            <mime_type>audio/mpeg</mime_type>
            <dlna>MP3</dlna>
            <http_encoding>chunked</http_encoding>
            <decoder>musepack</decoder>
            <encoder>lame</encoder>
            <bitrate>192</bitrate>
            <samplerate>44100</samplerate>
          </transcode>
        </file>
        <file ext="wav">
          <type>AUDIO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>audio/x-wav</mime_type>
        </file>
        <file ext="flac">
          <type>AUDIO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>audio/x-flac</mime_type>
          <transcode enabled="true">
            <ext>mp3</ext>
            <mime_type>audio/mpeg</mime_type>
            <dlna>MP3</dlna>
            <http_encoding>chunked</http_encoding>
            <decoder>flac</decoder>
            <encoder>lame</encoder>
            <bitrate>192</bitrate>
            <samplerate>44100</samplerate>
          </transcode>
        </file>
        <file ext="wma">
          <type>AUDIO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>audio/x-ms-wma</mime_type>
          <dlna>WMAFULL</dlna>
        </file>
        <!--image files-->
        <file ext="jpg">
          <ext>jpeg</ext>
          <type>IMAGE_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>image/jpeg</mime_type>
          <convert enabled="false">
            <!--<dcraw enabled="true">-q 0</dcraw>-->
            <ext>png</ext>
            <mime_type>image/png</mime_type>
            <height>0</height>
            <width>0</width>
            <!--set "greater" to "true" if you only want to resize images greater than "height" or "width"-->
            <greater>false</greater>
            <!--set "less" to "true" if you only want to resize images less than "height" or "width"-->
            <less>false</less>
            <!--set "less" and "greater" to "false" if you always want to resize-->
          </convert>
        </file>
        <file ext="bmp">
          <type>IMAGE_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>image/bmp</mime_type>
        </file>
        <file ext="png">
          <type>IMAGE_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>image/png</mime_type>
        </file>
        <file ext="gif">
          <type>IMAGE_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>image/gif</mime_type>
        </file>
        <!--video files-->
        <file ext="mpg">
          <ext>mpeg</ext>
          <type>VIDEO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>video/mpeg</mime_type>
        </file>
        <file ext="mp4">
          <type>VIDEO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>video/mp4</mime_type>
        </file>
        <file ext="avi">
          <type>VIDEO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>video/avi</mime_type>
        </file>
        <file ext="wmv">
          <type>VIDEO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>video/x-ms-wmv</mime_type>
        </file>
        <file ext="vob">
          <type>VIDEO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>video/x-ms-vob</mime_type>
        </file>
        <file ext="vdr">
          <type>VIDEO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>video/x-extension-vdr</mime_type>
          <transcode enabled="true">
            <ext>vob</ext>
            <mime_type>video/x-ms-vob</mime_type>
          </transcode>
        </file>
        <file ext="flv">
          <type>VIDEO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>application/x-flash-video</mime_type>
        </file>
        <file ext="asf">
          <type>VIDEO_ITEM</type>
          <mime_type>video/x-ms-asf</mime_type>
        </file>
        <!--playlists-->
        <file ext="pls">
          <type>PLAYLIST</type>
          <mime_type>audio/x-scpls</mime_type>
        </file>
        <file ext="m3u">
          <type>PLAYLIST</type>
          <mime_type>audio/x-mpegurl</mime_type>
        </file>
      </file_settings>
    </device>
    <!--If you have more than one device it is a good idea to set the ip address manually as some devices may have conflicting "user agents".-->
    <device name="PS3" enabled="true">
      <user_agent>UPnP/1.0 DLNADOC/1.00</user_agent>
      <user_agent>PLAYSTATION3</user_agent>
      <!--<ip></ip>-->
      <enable_dlna>true</enable_dlna>
      <transcoding_release_delay>50</transcoding_release_delay>
      <file_settings>
        <file ext="ogg">
          <type>AUDIO_ITEM_MUSIC_TRACK</type>
          <transcode enabled="true">
            <http_encoding>stream</http_encoding>
          </transcode>
        </file>
      </file_settings>
    </device>
    <device name="Xbox 360" virtual="Xbox 360" enabled="false"><description_values> 
      <friendly_name>%s %v : 1 : Windows Media Connect</friendly_name> 
      <model_name>Windows Media Connect compatible (%s)</model_name> 
      <model_number>2.0</model_number> 
	  </description_values> 
      <user_agent>Xbox/2.0.\d+.\d+ UPnP/1.0 Xbox/2.0.\d+.\d+</user_agent>
      <user_agent>Xenon</user_agent>
      <xbox360>true</xbox360>
    </device>
    <device name="Noxon audio" virtual="default" enabled="false">
      <!--Please enter the address of your Noxon. Automatic detection is impossible because the Noxon does not send a "user-agent" in it's requests-->
      <!--<ip></ip>-->
      <playlist_style>container</playlist_style>
      <show_childcount_in_title>true</show_childcount_in_title>
    </device>
    <device name="Telegent TG 100" virtual="default" enabled="false">
      <user_agent>dma/1.0 \(http://www.cybertan.com.tw/\)</user_agent>
      <user_agent>UPnP/1.0 DLNADOC/1.00</user_agent>
      <playlist_style>file</playlist_style>
      <max_file_name_length>101</max_file_name_length>
    </device>
  </device_settings>
</fuppes_config>
  • /etc/fuppes/vfolder.cfg
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<fuppes_vfolder_config version="0.2">
 <vfolder_layout device="default" enabled="false">
    <vfolder name="Genre">
      <vfolders property="genre">
        <items type="audioItem" />
      </vfolders>
    </vfolder>
    <vfolder name="Genre/Artists">
      <vfolders property="genre">
        <vfolders property="artist">
          <items type="audioItem" />
        </vfolders>
      </vfolders>
    </vfolder>
    <vfolder name="Artists/Albums">
      <vfolders property="artist">
        <vfolders property="album">
          <items type="audioItem" />
        </vfolders>
      </vfolders>
    </vfolder> 
    
    <vfolder name="ABC/Artists/Albums">
      <vfolders split="ABC">
        <vfolders property="artist">
          <vfolders property="album">
            <items type="audioItem" />
          </vfolders>
        </vfolders>
      </vfolders>
    </vfolder>
       
    <vfolder name="Photos">
      <vfolder name="All">
        <items type="imageItem" />
      </vfolder>
      <vfolder name="Folders">
        <folders filter="contains(imageItem)" />
      </vfolder>      
    </vfolder>
    <vfolder name="Videos">
      <vfolder name="All">
        <items type="videoItem" />
      </vfolder>
      <vfolder name="Folders">
        <folders filter="contains(videoItem)" />
      </vfolder>
    </vfolder>
    
    <vfolder name="shared dirs">
      <shared_dirs full_extend="true" />
    </vfolder>
    
  </vfolder_layout>
  <vfolder_layout device="Xbox 360" enabled="true">
    <vfolder name="Music" id="1">
      <vfolder name="Album" id="7">
        <vfolders property="album" type="container.album.musicAlbum">
          <items type="audioItem" />
        </vfolders>
      </vfolder>
            
      <vfolder name="All Music" id="4">
        <items type="audioItem" />
      </vfolder>
      
      <vfolder name="Artist" id="6">
        <vfolders property="artist" type="container.person.musicArtist">
          <items type="audioItem" />
        </vfolders>
      </vfolder>
      
      <vfolder name="Folders" id="20">
        <folders filter="contains(audioItem)" />
      </vfolder>
      
      <vfolder name="Genre" id="5">
        <vfolders property="genre" type="container.genre.musicGenre">
          <items type="audioItem" />
        </vfolders>
      </vfolder>
      
      <vfolder name="Playlist" id="15" />
    </vfolder>
   
    <vfolder name="Pictures" id="3">
      <vfolder name="Album" id="13" />
      
      <vfolder name="All Pictures" id="11">
        <items type="imageItem" />
      </vfolder>
      
      <vfolder name="Date Taken" id="12" />
      
      <vfolder name="Folders" id="22">
        <folders filter="contains(imageItem)" />
      </vfolder>
    </vfolder>
    <vfolder name="Playlists" id="18">
      <vfolder name="All Playlists" id="19" />
      <vfolder name="Folders" id="23" />
    </vfolder>
    <vfolder name="Video" id="2">
      <vfolder name="Actor" id="10" />
      <vfolder name="Album" id="14" />
      <vfolder name="All Video" id="8">
				<items type="videoItem" />
			</vfolder>
      <vfolder name="Folders" id="21" />
      <vfolder name="Genre" id="9" />
    </vfolder>
    <vfolder name="Browse Folders" id="21">  
<shared_dirs full_extend="true" />  
</vfolder>
  </vfolder_layout>
</fuppes_vfolder_config>

 

References


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Submitted by Gunstick (not registered) on Thu, 2008-11-20 19:04.

 this tutorial misses some noob compatibility:

it is  /etc/network/if-up.d/fuppes NOT /etc/network/if-up/fuppes

these commands are needed:

chmod  755 /etc/network/if-up.d/fuppes

 /etc/init.d/networking restart

 

 

Submitted by ramon.e.peralta (registered user) on Fri, 2008-11-07 07:06.
peralta@peralta:~$ sudo dpkg -i fuppes_0+svn611-1_i386.deb[sudo] password for peralta:
Selecting previously deselected package fuppes.
(Reading database ... 104451 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking fuppes (from fuppes_0+svn611-1_i386.deb) ...
dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of fuppes:
 fuppes depends on libavcodec1d (>= 0.cvs20070307); however:
  Package libavcodec1d is not installed.
 fuppes depends on libavformat1d (>= 0.cvs20070307); however:
  Package libavformat1d is not installed.
 fuppes depends on libavutil1d (>= 0.cvs20070307); however:
  Package libavutil1d is not installed.
 fuppes depends on libmagick++10; however:
  Package libmagick++10 is not installed.
 fuppes depends on libsimage20; however:
  Package libsimage20 is not installed.
 fuppes depends on libswscale1d (>= 0.cvs20070307); however:
  Package libswscale1d is not installed.
dpkg: error processing fuppes (--install):
 dependency problems - leaving unconfigured
Errors were encountered while processing:
 fuppes
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Mon, 2009-03-02 08:33.
I seem to be getting a similar error on intrepid.  I am able to install libimagemagick++10 and libsimage20, but other than that - not able to find these packages.  Am I missing something in my config?  I'm pretty sure that I have all of the repo sections enabled...
Submitted by topdog (registered user) on Mon, 2009-03-02 15:36.
I built the package for hardy heron, so YMMV on intrepid, i am not going to maintain it for newer ubuntu editions as the developer now includes debian packaging in his source. I will only continue providing CENTOS rpms
Submitted by topdog (registered user) on Wed, 2008-11-12 11:07.
Please install the dependencies
Submitted by Gunstick (not registered) on Thu, 2008-11-20 18:35.

or copy/paste the .deb URL into your browser (or click here) and an installer will open which handles the dependencies nicely.

Submitted by Dae (not registered) on Thu, 2009-02-05 01:25.
excuse me, how do I install dependencies on a Debian Server?
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Fri, 2010-02-05 13:13.
Quite a few of the dependencies are currently not in the Debian Lenny repository. Therefor it is quite hard to install, compared to this guide.
Submitted by sven (not registered) on Sat, 2008-11-01 15:29.
You're awesome! Excellent job on the how-to.  I bought a ps3 last night.  I just looked up media servers for linux and found this and had all my media streaming on my ps3 in under 10 minutes.  Thanks a lot.
Submitted by 3ws (not registered) on Fri, 2008-10-03 21:38.

i can't seem to get it to work; my PS3 gives the message "no servers were found". I could do with some help.

Firstly, I want to completely uninstall the failed attempt. What's the best way (I'm a ubuntu noob, so keep it simple!)? I've tried add and remove applications but can't see fuppes.

After that, could someone clarify a couple of things:

Does my box need to have a wlan, I'm using ethernet?

When changing the interface value in the config file, do I change to the ip address of my ubuntu machine (which is what I did)? Because after installation fuppes said 127.0.1.1.

started fuppes and pointed the browser to 192.168.1.7:port and added the folders. Status showed over 200 video files.

Multicast. How do I create the file? This is what I did:

i didn't have

/etc/network/if-up/fuppes

but i did have if-up.d . So first I used gksudo nautilus and created a document within if-up.d with the content you said. I changed the values to

#!/bin/bash
#
# in this case eth1 is my WLAN interface change to match yours
if [ "$IFACE" = "eth0" ]; then
        ip ro add 192.168.1.7 dev eth0
        /etc/init.d/fuppes restart &>/dev/null
fi

my ip address and eth0

I then created a new folder if-up and repeated the above. I called both file fuppes.

End result, my PS3 can't see the server. What did I do wrong?

Thanks

Submitted by topdog (registered user) on Mon, 2008-10-06 10:13.
I have not tested on a non wireless network but am sure if your PS3 can get to the wired network then there should be no problem, the reason why u cannot see the server is because you do not have the multicast route setup you need the 239.0.0.0/8 route in the /etc/network/if-up/fuppes not 192.168.1.7
Submitted by coldflame (not registered) on Thu, 2008-09-25 01:29.
is ther any and/or will there ever be an 64 bit version? I vould love that coz im new to this ubuntu and stuff. ^^;
Submitted by hazyumps (registered user) on Sun, 2008-08-17 07:50.

OMFG  -  I love you man lol - i just despise m$ too much to give n to the fanboy vista 360 mesh they have created - way 2 keep the windows open

"in a world without walls - who needs windows?"

Submitted by ShadyB (registered user) on Sun, 2008-07-27 19:07.

Works like a charm.
Had to fix some dependicies but that wasnt a problem.

Is there anyway to change the name being broadcasted?

Submitted by DeclanTM (registered user) on Tue, 2008-06-03 04:46.

Love the tutorial, looks like a great tool that I would use regularly and it would allow my desktop to be freed of the job and instead running from my 24/7 server. However when attempting to install the package I recieve the error that its for 32 bit machines only, stupid of me to overlook but I was wondering if you have a AMD64 debian package for us 64 bit users.

Submitted by jiggleo (registered user) on Wed, 2008-06-11 03:31.
I would be willing to build the 64 bit. I just installed a 32 bit next to the 64 bit and keep getting this error "[ERROR] failed to bind socket to : 192.168.2.1:56596" any help with that would be greatly appreciated.
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Mon, 2008-12-01 20:41.
hey, I had the same problem. I don't know if this is right, but i fixed it by right clicking on the wireless icon in the tray and then going to the connection information tab. Then I substituten my IP address (192.168.0.101) into the interface section. Then I restarted fuppes
Submitted by topdog (registered user) on Fri, 2008-06-13 12:47.
Seems like something is already bound to that port, send me a message on the forum and i will send you the build.
Submitted by jiggleo (registered user) on Wed, 2008-06-18 02:01.
Yeah I figured that myself so tried random ports and same issue.  It won't let me pm yet so this is the best I can do for now. I could post my yahoo e-mail as I'm use to all the junk e-mail in there.
Submitted by topdog (registered user) on Fri, 2008-06-06 19:02.
unfortunately i do not have a 64bit machine, i can provide the sources however if anyone is interested in building
Submitted by maltokyo (registered user) on Mon, 2008-06-23 05:42.

My server is 64-bit Ubuntu 8.04 (server version).  I'd be happy to build it, as I also ran into the 32-bit issue.

I assume it's possible to also share video with people outside my own network (over the internet) as long as I open the port - Is this correct?

Anyway, please let me know how I can get the source, and which packages I need to compile them..  or even better, why not release the source version also, so anyone can compile?  (Just an idea... I assume you have your reasons for not doing this..)

Submitted by topdog (registered user) on Mon, 2008-06-23 09:40.

Am not sure about being able to share across the net as DLNA uses multicast to locate resources, this multicast traffic could be dropped by your ISP's routers.

 As per the source, fuppes is a GPLed project am not the author i just packaged an ubuntu package because there was none out there.

A howtoforge user offered to package the 64bit version i have not recieved feedback from him yet however i will make my build sources available for anyone to download and build for themselves. You can download them from http://www.topdog-software.com/oss/fuppes/source

Submitted by pcawdron (not registered) on Sat, 2008-10-04 08:35.

The link to the source does not work... comes up with 403 Forbidden - you do not have permission.

Could somebody please, please, please compile for 64 bit unbuntu?

If the source is posted, I'll have a try, but I'm a complete novice :)

 

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Sun, 2008-11-09 00:22.

***, why not try before you die?

it compiles perfectly under 64bit without any problems. even on hardy and freebsd. it would be nice if the sources were 64 bit. but then again, you haven't even tried compiling it on 64 bit so how could you even write the 64 bit version??

this goes to you, and all posts before this one.

Submitted by jiggleo (registered user) on Thu, 2008-06-05 19:23.
I too would be greatly interested in a 64 bit tutorial
Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Wed, 2008-12-31 01:16.

+1

Make available a 64bit *.deb, or at least the source code so it can be compiled for am64 please.

Submitted by alx (registered user) on Thu, 2008-05-08 15:28.

...most amazing PS3 iconic representation at the diagram.  

Submitted by topdog (registered user) on Fri, 2008-05-09 12:09.
wierd i did not actually notice the X until you pointed it out.
Submitted by Bash (registered user) on Sat, 2008-05-24 04:25.
fuppes is picking up the xbox but the xbox wont pick up fuppes
Submitted by topdog (registered user) on Tue, 2008-05-27 15:42.
You need to enable that in the config.
Submitted by Hazard (not registered) on Tue, 2008-10-21 07:16.

Hello there,

Can anyone explain the reasoning in the 239.0.0.0/8 route. The server uses the eth0 interface as a broadcast address. Futhermore, all traffic is directed through that one interface. This static route is a Class D IP address, which leaves me more confused; because you only add routes if you are accessing another server in a different IP range together (ie 168.0.0.0/24).  Maybe there is a good reason , but not for me.

 

-Haz

 

Submitted by ich1 (not registered) on Wed, 2009-03-25 22:54.
239.0.0.0/8 is the UPNP Multicast address  (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upnp). This lets the PS3 or XbX or other system talk to the Linux file server. The server is using eth0 as a broadcast interface, not as an address. Check out that link, it helped me figure out what was going on as well.

if [ "$IFACE" = "eth1" ]; then    ## If we're using interface eth1,
ip ro add 239.0.0.0/8 dev eth1 ## Add the multicast route,
/etc/init.d/fuppes restart &>/dev/null ## Then restart fuppes.
fi

HTH.

~ ich1 ~

Submitted by Anonymouse (not registered) on Thu, 2008-12-11 18:43.
Multicast.