The Perfect Server - Mandriva 2010.0 Free (x86_64) [ISPConfig 2] - Page 4

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Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Tue, 2009-12-08 17:48. ::

4 Adjust /etc/hosts

Next we edit /etc/hosts. Make it look like this:

vi /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1               localhost.localdomain localhost
192.168.0.100           server1.example.com server1

 

5 Setting The Hostname

You can check the current hostname with the commands

hostname
hostname -f

Both commands should show server1.example.com.

If the output shows a wrong hostname, you can set the correct one like this:

echo server1.example.com > /etc/hostname
/bin/hostname -F /etc/hostname

To have the system set the correct hostname whenever you boot the system, we add the last command to /etc/rc.local:

vi /etc/rc.local

[...]
/bin/hostname -F /etc/hostname

 

 

6 Configure urpmi

By default, Mandriva 2010.0 uses the installation DVD as its only software repository which is inconvenient if the server is in a remote location. Therefore we disable the DVD and enable the Mandriva online repositories:

urpmi.removemedia -a && urpmi.addmedia --distrib --mirrorlist

 

6.1 Creating An Auto-Update Script

Now we create a script /etc/cron.daily/software_update that will autmatically be run by cron daily and looks for and installs the latest software updates on your Mandriva 2010.0 system. The script looks like this:

vi /etc/cron.daily/software_update

#!/bin/bash
urpmi --auto-update --update  --auto

Make the script executable:

chmod 755 /etc/cron.daily/software_update

 

7 Install Some Packages

Now we install a few packages that are needed later on:

urpmi fetchmail wget bzip2 unzip zip nmap openssl lynx fileutils ncftp flex lib64xorg-x11-devel gcc gcc-c++

 

8 Journaled Quota

To install the quota package, run

urpmi quota

Edit /etc/fstab to look like this (I added ,usrjquota=aquota.user,grpjquota=aquota.group,jqfmt=vfsv0 to the partition with the mount point /):

vi /etc/fstab

# Entry for /dev/sda6 :
UUID=5655e2e6-9865-41be-aafb-ef9111b7b6f9 / ext4 relatime,usrjquota=aquota.user,grpjquota=aquota.group,jqfmt=vfsv0 1 1
# Entry for /dev/sda1 :
UUID=93aca769-d885-4694-a1c6-1df246caa426 /boot ext4 relatime 1 2
/dev/cdrom /media/cdrom auto umask=0,users,iocharset=utf8,noauto,ro,exec 0 0
/dev/fd0 /media/floppy auto umask=0,users,iocharset=utf8,noauto,exec,flush 0 0
none /proc proc defaults 0 0
# Entry for /dev/sda5 :
UUID=5751d7b7-9d7a-48bf-aedb-48a9bda0a308 swap swap defaults 0 0

Then run:

touch /aquota.user /aquota.group
chmod 600 /aquota.*
mount -o remount /
quotacheck -avugm
quotaon -avug

 

9 DNS Server

To install the BIND DNS server, run:

urpmi bind

Mandriva 2010.0's BIND is running chrooted by default, therefore we need to create a few symlinks so that ISPConfig (if you want to install it) can deal with it:

cd /var/lib/named/var
mkdir -p lib/named/var
cd lib/named/var
ln -s ../../../named/ named
ln -s ../../../run/ run
cp /var/lib/named/var/named/reverse/named.local /var/lib/named/var/named/

Next we create the system startup links for BIND...

chkconfig named on

... and start it:

/etc/init.d/named start


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