The Perfect Server - Debian Wheezy (Apache2, BIND, Dovecot, ISPConfig 3) - Page 4

Want to support HowtoForge? Become a subscriber!
 
Submitted by falko (Contact Author) (Forums) on Tue, 2013-05-07 12:50. ::

12 Install Apache2, PHP5, phpMyAdmin, FCGI, suExec, Pear, And mcrypt

Apache2, PHP5, phpMyAdmin, FCGI, suExec, Pear, and mcrypt can be installed as follows:

apt-get install apache2 apache2.2-common apache2-doc apache2-mpm-prefork apache2-utils libexpat1 ssl-cert libapache2-mod-php5 php5 php5-common php5-gd php5-mysql php5-imap phpmyadmin php5-cli php5-cgi libapache2-mod-fcgid apache2-suexec php-pear php-auth php5-mcrypt mcrypt php5-imagick imagemagick libapache2-mod-suphp libruby libapache2-mod-ruby libapache2-mod-python php5-curl php5-intl php5-memcache php5-memcached php5-ming php5-ps php5-pspell php5-recode php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tidy php5-xmlrpc php5-xsl memcached

You will see the following question:

Web server to reconfigure automatically: <-- apache2
Configure database for phpmyadmin with dbconfig-common? <-- No

Then run the following command to enable the Apache modules suexec, rewrite, ssl, actions, and include (plus dav, dav_fs, and auth_digest if you want to use WebDAV):

a2enmod suexec rewrite ssl actions include

a2enmod dav_fs dav auth_digest

Next open /etc/apache2/mods-available/suphp.conf...

vi /etc/apache2/mods-available/suphp.conf

... and comment out the <FilesMatch "\.ph(p3?|tml)$"> section and add the line AddType application/x-httpd-suphp .php .php3 .php4 .php5 .phtml - otherwise all PHP files will be run by SuPHP:

<IfModule mod_suphp.c>
    #<FilesMatch "\.ph(p3?|tml)$">
    #    SetHandler application/x-httpd-suphp
    #</FilesMatch>
        AddType application/x-httpd-suphp .php .php3 .php4 .php5 .phtml
        suPHP_AddHandler application/x-httpd-suphp

    <Directory />
        suPHP_Engine on
    </Directory>

    # By default, disable suPHP for debian packaged web applications as files
    # are owned by root and cannot be executed by suPHP because of min_uid.
    <Directory /usr/share>
        suPHP_Engine off
    </Directory>

# # Use a specific php config file (a dir which contains a php.ini file)
#       suPHP_ConfigPath /etc/php5/cgi/suphp/
# # Tells mod_suphp NOT to handle requests with the type <mime-type>.
#       suPHP_RemoveHandler <mime-type>
</IfModule>

Restart Apache afterwards:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

If you want to host Ruby files with the extension .rb on your web sites created through ISPConfig, you must comment out the line application/x-ruby rb in /etc/mime.types:

vi /etc/mime.types

[...]
#application/x-ruby                             rb
[...]

(This is needed only for .rb files; Ruby files with the extension .rbx work out of the box.)

Restart Apache afterwards:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

 

12.1 Xcache

Xcache is a free and open PHP opcode cacher for caching and optimizing PHP intermediate code. It's similar to other PHP opcode cachers, such as eAccelerator and APC. It is strongly recommended to have one of these installed to speed up your PHP page.

Xcache can be installed as follows:

apt-get install php5-xcache

Now restart Apache:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

 

12.2 PHP-FPM

Starting with ISPConfig 3.0.5, there is an additional PHP mode that you can select for usage with Apache: PHP-FPM.

To use PHP-FPM with Apache, we need the mod_fastcgi Apache module (please don't mix this up with mod_fcgid - they are very similar, but you cannot use PHP-FPM with mod_fcgid). We can install PHP-FPM and mod_fastcgi as follows:

apt-get install libapache2-mod-fastcgi php5-fpm

Make sure you enable the module and restart Apache:

a2enmod actions fastcgi alias
/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

 

12.3 Additional PHP Versions

Starting with ISPConfig 3.0.5, it is possible to have multiple PHP versions on one server (selectable through ISPConfig) which can be run through FastCGI and PHP-FPM. To learn how to build additional PHP versions (PHP-FPM and FastCGI) and how to configure ISPConfig, please check this tutorial: How To Use Multiple PHP Versions (PHP-FPM & FastCGI) With ISPConfig 3 (Debian Wheezy).

 

13 Install Mailman

Since version 3.0.4, ISPConfig also allows you to manage (create/modify/delete) Mailman mailing lists. If you want to make use of this feature, install Mailman as follows:

apt-get install mailman

Select at least one language, e.g.:

Languages to support: <-- en (English)
Missing site list <-- Ok

Before we can start Mailman, a first mailing list called mailman must be created:

newlist mailman

root@server1:~# newlist mailman
Enter the email of the person running the list:
 <-- admin email address, e.g. listadmin@example.com
Initial mailman password: <-- admin password for the mailman list
To finish creating your mailing list, you must edit your /etc/aliases (or
equivalent) file by adding the following lines, and possibly running the
`newaliases' program:

## mailman mailing list
mailman:              "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman post mailman"
mailman-admin:        "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman admin mailman"
mailman-bounces:      "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman bounces mailman"
mailman-confirm:      "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman confirm mailman"
mailman-join:         "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman join mailman"
mailman-leave:        "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman leave mailman"
mailman-owner:        "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman owner mailman"
mailman-request:      "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman request mailman"
mailman-subscribe:    "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman subscribe mailman"
mailman-unsubscribe:  "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman unsubscribe mailman"

Hit enter to notify mailman owner...
 <-- ENTER

root@server1:~#

Open /etc/aliases afterwards...

vi /etc/aliases

... and add the following lines:

[...]
## mailman mailing list
mailman:              "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman post mailman"
mailman-admin:        "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman admin mailman"
mailman-bounces:      "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman bounces mailman"
mailman-confirm:      "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman confirm mailman"
mailman-join:         "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman join mailman"
mailman-leave:        "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman leave mailman"
mailman-owner:        "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman owner mailman"
mailman-request:      "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman request mailman"
mailman-subscribe:    "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman subscribe mailman"
mailman-unsubscribe:  "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman unsubscribe mailman"

Run

newaliases

afterwards and restart Postfix:

/etc/init.d/postfix restart

Finally we must enable the Mailman Apache configuration:

ln -s /etc/mailman/apache.conf /etc/apache2/conf.d/mailman.conf

This defines the alias /cgi-bin/mailman/ for all Apache vhosts, which means you can access the Mailman admin interface for a list at http://<vhost>/cgi-bin/mailman/admin/<listname>, and the web page for users of a mailing list can be found at http://<vhost>/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/<listname>.

Under http://<vhost>/pipermail you can find the mailing list archives.

Restart Apache afterwards:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Then start the Mailman daemon:

/etc/init.d/mailman start

 

14 Install PureFTPd And Quota

PureFTPd and quota can be installed with the following command:

apt-get install pure-ftpd-common pure-ftpd-mysql quota quotatool

Edit the file /etc/default/pure-ftpd-common...

vi /etc/default/pure-ftpd-common

... and make sure that the start mode is set to standalone and set VIRTUALCHROOT=true:

[...]
STANDALONE_OR_INETD=standalone
[...]
VIRTUALCHROOT=true
[...]

Now we configure PureFTPd to allow FTP and TLS sessions. FTP is a very insecure protocol because all passwords and all data are transferred in clear text. By using TLS, the whole communication can be encrypted, thus making FTP much more secure.

If you want to allow FTP and TLS sessions, run

echo 1 > /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/TLS

In order to use TLS, we must create an SSL certificate. I create it in /etc/ssl/private/, therefore I create that directory first:

mkdir -p /etc/ssl/private/

Afterwards, we can generate the SSL certificate as follows:

openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 7300 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem -out /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem

Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]: <-- Enter your Country Name (e.g., "DE").
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:
<-- Enter your State or Province Name.
Locality Name (eg, city) []:
<-- Enter your City.
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:
<-- Enter your Organization Name (e.g., the name of your company).
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:
<-- Enter your Organizational Unit Name (e.g. "IT Department").
Common Name (eg, YOUR name) []:
<-- Enter the Fully Qualified Domain Name of the system (e.g. "server1.example.com").
Email Address []:
<-- Enter your Email Address.

Change the permissions of the SSL certificate:

chmod 600 /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem

Then restart PureFTPd:

/etc/init.d/pure-ftpd-mysql restart

Edit /etc/fstab. Mine looks like this (I added ,usrjquota=quota.user,grpjquota=quota.group,jqfmt=vfsv0 to the partition with the mount point /):

vi /etc/fstab

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
/dev/mapper/server1-root /               ext4    errors=remount-ro,usrjquota=quota.user,grpjquota=quota.group,jqfmt=vfsv0 0       1
# /boot was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=46d1bd79-d761-4b23-80b8-ad20cb18e049 /boot           ext2    defaults        0       2
/dev/mapper/server1-swap_1 none            swap    sw              0       0
/dev/sr0        /media/cdrom0   udf,iso9660 user,noauto     0       0

To enable quota, run these commands:

mount -o remount /

quotacheck -avugm
quotaon -avug

 

15 Install BIND DNS Server

BIND can be installed as follows:

apt-get install bind9 dnsutils

 

16 Install Vlogger, Webalizer, And AWstats

Vlogger, webalizer, and AWstats can be installed as follows:

apt-get install vlogger webalizer awstats geoip-database libclass-dbi-mysql-perl

Open /etc/cron.d/awstats afterwards...

vi /etc/cron.d/awstats

... and comment out everything in that file:

#MAILTO=root

#*/10 * * * * www-data [ -x /usr/share/awstats/tools/update.sh ] && /usr/share/awstats/tools/update.sh

# Generate static reports:
#10 03 * * * www-data [ -x /usr/share/awstats/tools/buildstatic.sh ] && /usr/share/awstats/tools/buildstatic.sh

 

17 Install Jailkit

Jailkit is needed only if you want to chroot SSH users. It can be installed as follows (important: Jailkit must be installed before ISPConfig - it cannot be installed afterwards!):

apt-get install build-essential autoconf automake1.9 libtool flex bison debhelper binutils-gold

cd /tmp
wget http://olivier.sessink.nl/jailkit/jailkit-2.15.tar.gz
tar xvfz jailkit-2.15.tar.gz
cd jailkit-2.15
./debian/rules binary

You can now install the Jailkit .deb package as follows:

cd ..
dpkg -i jailkit_2.15-1_*.deb
rm -rf jailkit-2.15*

 

18 Install fail2ban

This is optional but recommended, because the ISPConfig monitor tries to show the log:

apt-get install fail2ban

To make fail2ban monitor PureFTPd and Dovecot, create the file /etc/fail2ban/jail.local:

vi /etc/fail2ban/jail.local

[pureftpd]
enabled  = true
port     = ftp
filter   = pureftpd
logpath  = /var/log/syslog
maxretry = 3

[dovecot-pop3imap]
enabled = true
filter = dovecot-pop3imap
action = iptables-multiport[name=dovecot-pop3imap, port="pop3,pop3s,imap,imaps", protocol=tcp]
logpath = /var/log/mail.log
maxretry = 5

[sasl]
enabled  = true
port     = smtp
filter   = sasl
logpath  = /var/log/mail.log
maxretry = 3

Then create the following two filter files:

vi /etc/fail2ban/filter.d/pureftpd.conf

[Definition]
failregex = .*pure-ftpd: \(.*@<HOST>\) \[WARNING\] Authentication failed for user.*
ignoreregex =

vi /etc/fail2ban/filter.d/dovecot-pop3imap.conf

[Definition]
failregex = (?: pop3-login|imap-login): .*(?:Authentication failure|Aborted login \(auth failed|Aborted login \(tried to use disabled|Disconnected \(auth failed|Aborted login \(\d+ authentication attempts).*rip=(?P<host>\S*),.*
ignoreregex =

Restart fail2ban afterwards:

/etc/init.d/fail2ban restart


Please do not use the comment function to ask for help! If you need help, please use our forum.
Comments will be published after administrator approval.
Submitted by Thilo (not registered) on Sat, 2014-08-16 11:22.

If you want to protect websites with fail2ban which are controlled by ISPConfig you must keep in mind that each of these websites has its own logs, e.g. /var/log/ispconfig/httpd/domain.tld/error.log

This must be respected in your jail.local for the property 'logpath'. More than one paths can be specified here.

Example:

[apache-nohome]
enabled  = true
port     = http,https
filter   = apache-nohome
logpath  = /var/log/ispconfig/httpd/*/*error.log
          /var/log/apache*/*error.log
maxretry = 6
findtime = 3600     ; 1 hour

Thanks for this nice article.

Kind regards
Thilo 

Submitted by Thomas CARTER (not registered) on Thu, 2014-04-10 20:19.

12.2 PHP-FPM

apt-get install libapache2-mod-fastcgi php5-fpm

On an OVH Kimsufit, I got : Package libapache2-mod-fastcgi is not available, but is referred to by another package.

Thanks to http://blog.haza.fr/etape-3-apache-php, I did :

vim /etc/apt/sources.list

Add following 2 lines :

deb http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ wheezy non-free

deb-src http://ftp.fr.debian.org/debian/ wheezy non-free


and it worked.

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Mon, 2014-10-20 13:45.

or:

apt-get install libapache2-mod-fcgid  php5-fpm

Submitted by Julio_EH (not registered) on Tue, 2014-07-29 20:39.

and then :

apt-get update

 

Submitted by fl00d (registered user) on Wed, 2014-02-26 10:33.

:~# /etc/init.d/fail2ban restart

[ ok ] Restarting authentication failure monitor: fail2ban.

 

why :( 

Submitted by fl00d (registered user) on Wed, 2014-02-26 10:32.

# /etc/init.d/fail2ban restart

 and i get this

[ ok ] Restarting authentication failure monitor: fail2ban.

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Wed, 2014-07-30 19:03.

Resolv : Status of authentication failure monitor:fail2ban is not running ... failed!

Edit : /etc/fail2ban/jail.local change filter   = pureftpd  to filter   = pure-ftpd

Submitted by Alberto Rivera Duque (not registered) on Tue, 2014-02-25 15:32.

I installed several times ISPConfig and virtual domains do not work.
To exit the UEFI bios everything worked fine, but once installed everything tells me that the port *: 80 and *: 433 are not open, in fact does not show when installed apache web. I am very lost. Until now I had worked well with the plates 775 and Xeon procesasores. The motherboard I installed asus P8 Z77 is-V LX with I3 processor and 8gb of ram. 4 hd 1tb in raid 5. 
The operating system is 64-bit debian whezzy


A greeting and thanks.

Submitted by admin (registered user) on Wed, 2014-02-26 08:15.
Ist unlikely that your Problem is related to the Hardware of your Server. Please post your Problem in the Forum, so that we can try to help you to find out whats wrong.
Submitted by anhlqn (registered user) on Thu, 2014-02-13 04:40.
I think php5-ldap should be added to 

12 Install Apache2, PHP5, phpMyAdmin, FCGI, suExec, Pear, And mcrypt

Submitted by inattendu (not registered) on Tue, 2014-02-04 15:22.

Jailkit à été mis à jour (version 2.17)


Le nouveau lien : --> JAILKIT v2.17

La page source : http://olivier.sessink.nl/jailkit/index.html#download

Merci pour cet excellent tutoriel.

Submitted by Anonymous (not registered) on Tue, 2013-09-10 21:06.
To make MySQL more secure, strongly recommend to run this command to remove test database and access, etc.: mysql_secure_installation
Submitted by Ulrich (not registered) on Tue, 2013-05-14 14:00.

tried this three days ago. worked perfect. just a few notices:

1.  The language selections within page 1, step 3 are slightly different

2.  The user account for non-administrative activities shouldn't be "Administrator" (page 1, step 3)

3. Page 4, Step 12.2: This step is not possible, because libapache2-mod-fastcgi is a non-free package. I skipped this step.

 

 

Submitted by beyerservice (registered user) on Sun, 2013-06-02 10:47.
to 3.: non-free is added to source.list in this howto!